RESEARCH OF BUILDING MATERIALS

The influenceof nanoparticles orientation on water permeability through nanocomposites

Vestnik MGSU 7/2015
  • Matseevich Tat’yana Anatol’evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Higher Mathematics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Popova Marina Nikolaevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Composite Materials Technology and Applied Chemistry, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Afanas’ev Egor Sergeevich - A.N. Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement Compounds of Russian Academy of Sciences (INEOS RAS) Candidate of Chemical Sciences, senior research worker, A.N. Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement Compounds of Russian Academy of Sciences (INEOS RAS), 28 Vavilova str., V-334, GSP-1, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Askadskiy Andrey Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Professor, Department of Composite Materials Technology and Applied Chemistry, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 79-86

The problem of nanocomposites’ permeability regulation has been attracting the interest of scientists throughout the current decades. The works were dedicated to different models of permeability of the composites containing impermeable layered fillers in polymer matrix. It was shown that polymer films with parallel laid flat impermeable particles of the filler may have the permeability twice or thrice less than the films of the same size, but without a filler. The authors analyzed the influence of nanoparticles on water permeability through nanocomposites obtained on the basis of polymers and flat nanoparticles. The offered correlations take into account the chemical composition of the polymer and nanoparticles, as well as the surface structure in case of chemical modification. The shape of flat particles (tablet, brick, sphere) is also taken into account. The permeability is mostly influenced by nanoparticles concentration, their shape and size orientation angle.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.7.79-86

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Glass transition temperature and elastic modulusof nanocomposites based on polyimides

Vestnik MGSU 6/2015
  • Matseevich Tat’yana Anatol’evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Higher Mathematics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Popova Marina Nikolaevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Composite Materials Technology and Applied Chemistry, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Askadskiy Andrey Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Professor, Department of Composite Materials Technology and Applied Chemistry, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 50-63

Today great attention is paid to production and research of the mechanical and termal properties of nanocomposites based on polyimides. These polymers are heatresisting and possess the increased mechanical properties in wide range of temperatures. Various nanoparticles are introduced into polyimides: graphite nanotubes and flatparticles, the particles of SiO , the surface of which is modified, the particles of ZrOandmontmorillonite, etc.The authors analyzed the influence of nanoparticles on the glass transition temper-ature T and elastic modulus E of the polyimides based on 1,3-bis-(3,3’,4,4’-dicarboxy-phenoxy)benzene and 4,4’-bis-(4-aminophenoxy)biphenyl, and pyromellitic dianhydride and oxydianiline. Nanoparticles introduced in small amounts are produced of graphite and ZrO . The suggested ratios take into account the chemical structure of the polymer and nanoparticles, as well as the structure of their surface in case of chemical modification; the concentration of nanoparticles and their form, the number of polar groups on the surface. The number of polar groups and nanoparticles’ concentration have the greatest influence on T . The elastic modulus of nanocomposites depending on nanoparticles’ concentration is connected with van der Waals volume of the repeating unit of polymer and nanoparticle.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.6.50-63

References
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