DESIGNING AND DETAILING OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. MECHANICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

THE PROTECTABILITY OF BLOCK COVERINGS OF INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGS WITH DEFECTIVE LOAD-BEARING STRUCTURES FROM PROGRESSIVE COLLAPSE

Vestnik MGSU 9/2015
  • Harutyunyan Gevorg Harutyunovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Scientific and Educational Center “Test of Structures”, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 16-27

Beginning with the 20th century metal structures are widely used in the construction branch in Russia. The reason for it was in the development of calculation methods of structures. Beginning with 1930 and till now a substantial number of the industrial buildings (about 90 %) of production plants have been built of metal structures. The essential part of them - 20…60 % of the whole volume - has block coverings consisting of bearing and braced elements. At the present time the data on the operation duration of industrial structures is not systemized throughout Russia. This data may serve as one of characteristic factors for estimating safety operation level, because while the operation term increases, the wear also increases (mechanical damages), which influences the bearing capacity of the structures. The following article examines the collapse of industrial building coverings that may be accompanied not only by material losses, but also by fatal accidents. Statistical data of damageability of trusses and their elements are presented; the consequences of collapse are examined. The average life time of trusses is determined which is serving as a criteria that characterizes damage accumulation. The nature of the collapse of block coverings is revealed which, in most cases, may be classified as progressive.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.9.16-27

References
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  21. Taylor D.A. Progressive Collapse. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering. Dec. 1975, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 517—529. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/l75-047.
  22. Allen D.E., Schriever W.R. Progressive Collapse. Abnormal Loads and Building Codes. Proc. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng. National Meeting on Struct. Eng., Clevelend, Ohio. Apr. 1972, pp. 21—47.
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Methodology of experimental investigations of block coverings of industrial buildings under emergency influences

Vestnik MGSU 12/2015
  • Eremin Konstantin Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Scientific and Educational Center “Test of Structures”, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Matveyushkin Sergey Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, head, Test Laboratory of Building Structures, Scientific and Educational Center “Test of Structures, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Harutyunyan Gevorg Harutyunovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Scientific and Educational Center “Test of Structures”, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 34-46

At the present moment prevention of emergencies of buildings and structures is still the priority direction of investigations in the construction branch. The statistics shows that the possibility of 25 crashes a year is 1,0, and in case of human losses - 0,3. The great number of these emergencies is of a progressive character, when a local crash leads to the crash of the whole construction or of the great part of its structures. We should note that also industrial buildings are among the buildings where major accidents happen. And their number is growing with every year. The following article examines the problem of progressive collapse in block coverings of industrial buildings when the failure of one truss results in the collapse of the entire block. The overview of experimental investigations of the construction elements of block coverings is carried out. The methodology of experimental investigations of block coverings under emergency influences is introduced. The following article also introduces the results of experimental investigations. The numerical modeling of the block covering model is introduced and the comparative analysis with experimental data is performed.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.12.34-46

References
  1. Eremin K.I., Makhutov N.A., Pavlova G.A., Shishkina N.A. Reestr avariy zdaniy i sooruzheniy 2001—2010 godov [The Register of Accidents of Buildings and Structures from 2001 to 2010]. Moscow, 2011, 320 p. (In Russian)
  2. Wardhana K., Hadipriono F.C. Study of Recent Building Failures in the United States. Journal of Performance of Constructed. Aug. 2003, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 151—158. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0887-3828(2003)17:3(151).
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  4. Taylor D.A. Progressive Collapse. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering. Dec. 1975, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 517—529. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/l75-047.
  5. Allen D.E., Schriever W.R. Progressive Collapse. Abnormal Loads and Building Codes. Proc. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng. National Meeting on Struct. Eng., Clevelend, Ohio. Apr. 1972, pp. 21—47.
  6. Makhutov N.A., Lobov O.I., Eremin K.I. Bezopasnost’ Rossii. Bezopasnost’ stroitel’nogo kompleksa [The Safety of Russia. The Safety of the Construction Complex]. Moscow, MGOF «Znanie» Publ., 2012, 798 p. (In Russian)
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