DESIGNING AND DETAILING OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. MECHANICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

THE PROTECTABILITY OF BLOCK COVERINGS OF INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGS WITH DEFECTIVE LOAD-BEARING STRUCTURES FROM PROGRESSIVE COLLAPSE

Vestnik MGSU 9/2015
  • Harutyunyan Gevorg Harutyunovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Scientific and Educational Center “Test of Structures”, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 16-27

Beginning with the 20th century metal structures are widely used in the construction branch in Russia. The reason for it was in the development of calculation methods of structures. Beginning with 1930 and till now a substantial number of the industrial buildings (about 90 %) of production plants have been built of metal structures. The essential part of them - 20…60 % of the whole volume - has block coverings consisting of bearing and braced elements. At the present time the data on the operation duration of industrial structures is not systemized throughout Russia. This data may serve as one of characteristic factors for estimating safety operation level, because while the operation term increases, the wear also increases (mechanical damages), which influences the bearing capacity of the structures. The following article examines the collapse of industrial building coverings that may be accompanied not only by material losses, but also by fatal accidents. Statistical data of damageability of trusses and their elements are presented; the consequences of collapse are examined. The average life time of trusses is determined which is serving as a criteria that characterizes damage accumulation. The nature of the collapse of block coverings is revealed which, in most cases, may be classified as progressive.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.9.16-27

References
  1. Mel’nikov N.P., editor. Metallicheskie konstruktsii. Spravochnik proektirovshchika [Metal Structures (Reference Book of a Designer)]. 2nd edition, revised. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1980, 776 p. (In Russian)
  2. Gubanov V.V., Moskalenko V.I. Opyt likvidatsii рosledstviy avarii promyshlennogo zdaniya [Elimination of the Consequences of an Industrial Building Failure]. Metallicheskie konstruktsii [Metal Structures]. 2008, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 181—188. (In Russian)
  3. Eremin K.I., Matveyushkin S.A. Elektronnaya pasportizatsiya zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Electronic Certification of Buildings and Structures]. Predotvrashchenie avariy zdaniy i sooruzheniy : sbornik nauchnukh trudov [Prevention of Accidents of Buildings and Structures. A Collection of Scientific Papers]. Moscow, 2008, pp. 5—14. (In Russian)
  4. Nezhdanov K.K., Zhukov A.N. Analiz sostoyaniya i prichin obrusheniy stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy v promyshlennykh zdaniyakh [State and Reasons of Structures Damages in Industrial Buildings]. Regional’naya arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo [Regional Architecture and Construction]. 2011, no. 1, pp. 80—84. (In Russian)
  5. Permyakov M.B. Analiz avariy zdaniy i sooruzheniy promyshlennykh predpriyatiy [The Analysis of Accidents of Buildings and Constructions in Industrial Enterprises]. Predotvrashchenie avariy zdaniy i sooruzheniy : sbornik nauchnukh trudov [Prevention of Accidents of Buildings and Structures. A Collection of Scientific Papers]. Moscow, 2008, pp. 39—43. (In Russian)
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  7. Eremin K.I., Makhutov N.A., Pavlova G.A., Shishkina N.A. Reestr avariy zdaniy i sooruzheniy 2001—2010 godov [The Register of Accidents of Buildings and Structures from 2001 to 2010]. Moscow, 2011, 320 p. (In Russian)
  8. Eremin K.I., Matveyushkin S.A. Osobennosti ekspertizy i nerazrushayushchego kontrolya stroitel’nykh metallicheskikh konstruktsiy [The Characteristics of Examination and Nondestructive Inspection of Building Metallic Structures]. Predotvrashchenie avariy zdaniy i sooruzheniy : sbornik nauchnukh trudov [Prevention of Accidents of Buildings and Structures. A Collection of Scientific Papers]. Moscow, 2009, no. 8, pp. 5—14. (In Russian)
  9. Ponomarev V.N., Travush V.I., Bondarenko V.M., Eremin K.I. O neobkhodimosti sistemnogo podkhoda k nauchnym issledovaniyam v oblasti kompleksnoy bezopasnosti i predotvrashcheniya avariy zdaniy i sooruzheniy [On the Need of System Approach Towards Scientific Research in the Field of Complex Security and Prevention of Accidents of Buildings and Structures]. Monitoring. Nauka i bezopasnost’ [Monitoring: Science and Safety]. 2014, no. 1 (13), pp. 4—12. Available at: http://e.np-monitoring.ru/2014/2014-1(13).pdf. Date of access: 20.03.2015. (In Russian)
  10. Shishkina N.A. Otnoshenie obshchestvennosti k ekspluatiruemym stroitel’nym ob
  11. Kikin A.I., Vasil’ev A.A., Koshutin B.N., Uvarov B.Yu., Vol’berg Yu.L. Povyshenie dolgovechnosti metallicheskikh konstruktsiy promyshlennykh zdaniy [Increase of Longevity of Metallic Structures of Industrial Buildings]. 2nd edition, revised. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1984, 301 p. (In Russian)
  12. Lashchenko M.N. Avarii metallicheskikh konstruktsiy zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Accidents of Metallic Structures of Buildings and Constructions]. Leningrad, Stroyizdat Publ., 1969, 184 p. (In Russian)
  13. Belyaev B.I., Kornienko S.V. Prichiny avariy stal’nykh konstruktsiy i sposoby ikh ustraneniya [Causes of Accidents of Steel Structures and Means of Their Elimination]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1968, 208 p. (In Russian)
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  16. Eremin K.I., Matveyushkin S.A., Pavlova G.A. Obzor sovremennykh avariy zdaniy i sooruzheniy. Analiz avariynosti zdaniy i sooruzheniy. Prichiny avariynogo razrusheniya konstruktsiy [Overview of Contemporary Accidents of Buildings and Constructions; Analysis of the Accident Rate of Buildings and Constructions, the Causes of Accidental Collapse]. Bezopasnost’ ekspluatiruemykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Safety of Exploited Buildings and Constructions]. Moscow, 2011, pp. 3—45. (In Russian)
  17. Eremin K.I., Shishkina N.A. Obzor avariy zdaniy i sooruzheniy, proizoshedshikh v 2010 godu [Review of Accidents of Buildings and Structures, Which Occurred in 2010]. Predotvrashchenie avariy zdaniy i sooruzheniy : sbornik nauchnukh trudov [Prevention of Accidents of Buildings and Structures. A Collection of Scientific Papers]. Moscow, 2011, no. 10, pp. 3—23. (In Russian)
  18. ASCE 7—02. Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures. 2002 ed. American Society of Civil Engineers. Reston, VA, 2002, 376 p.
  19. Almazov V.O. Proektirovanie sooruzheniy s uchetom avariynykh vozdeystviy [The Design of Constructions Taking into Account the Accident Effects]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineers]. 2010, no. 1, Special Issue, pp. 151—159. (In Russian)
  20. Eremeev P.G. Predotvrashchenie lavinoobraznogo (progressiruyushchego) obrusheniya nesushchikh konstruktsiy unikal’nykh bol’sheproletnykh sooruzheniy pri avariynykh vozdeystviyakh [Prevention of Progressive Collapse of Load-Bearing Structures of Unique Large-Span Constructions under Emergency Effects]. Stroitel’naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy [Structural Mechanics and Calculation of Structures]. 2006, no. 2, pp. 65—72. (In Russian)
  21. Taylor D.A. Progressive Collapse. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering. Dec. 1975, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 517—529. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/l75-047.
  22. Allen D.E., Schriever W.R. Progressive Collapse. Abnormal Loads and Building Codes. Proc. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng. National Meeting on Struct. Eng., Clevelend, Ohio. Apr. 1972, pp. 21—47.
  23. Leyendecker E.V., Burnett E.F.P. The Incidence of Abnormal Loading in Residential Buildings. NBS Building Science Series 89, U.S. Department of Commerce, National Bureau of Standards, Washington D.C., 1976, 30 p.
  24. Starossek U. Typology of Progressive Collapse. Engineering Structures. 2007a, vol. 29, no. 9, pp. 2302—2307.

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Methodology of experimental investigations of block coverings of industrial buildings under emergency influences

Vestnik MGSU 12/2015
  • Eremin Konstantin Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Scientific and Educational Center “Test of Structures”, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Matveyushkin Sergey Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, head, Test Laboratory of Building Structures, Scientific and Educational Center “Test of Structures, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Harutyunyan Gevorg Harutyunovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Scientific and Educational Center “Test of Structures”, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 34-46

At the present moment prevention of emergencies of buildings and structures is still the priority direction of investigations in the construction branch. The statistics shows that the possibility of 25 crashes a year is 1,0, and in case of human losses - 0,3. The great number of these emergencies is of a progressive character, when a local crash leads to the crash of the whole construction or of the great part of its structures. We should note that also industrial buildings are among the buildings where major accidents happen. And their number is growing with every year. The following article examines the problem of progressive collapse in block coverings of industrial buildings when the failure of one truss results in the collapse of the entire block. The overview of experimental investigations of the construction elements of block coverings is carried out. The methodology of experimental investigations of block coverings under emergency influences is introduced. The following article also introduces the results of experimental investigations. The numerical modeling of the block covering model is introduced and the comparative analysis with experimental data is performed.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.12.34-46

References
  1. Eremin K.I., Makhutov N.A., Pavlova G.A., Shishkina N.A. Reestr avariy zdaniy i sooruzheniy 2001—2010 godov [The Register of Accidents of Buildings and Structures from 2001 to 2010]. Moscow, 2011, 320 p. (In Russian)
  2. Wardhana K., Hadipriono F.C. Study of Recent Building Failures in the United States. Journal of Performance of Constructed. Aug. 2003, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 151—158. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0887-3828(2003)17:3(151).
  3. Nwafor A.U. Building Failures/Collapses and Their Reputational Effect on Building Industry in Nigeria. International Journal of Science and Research. June 2015, vol. 4, issue 6, pp. 847—853.
  4. Taylor D.A. Progressive Collapse. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering. Dec. 1975, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 517—529. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/l75-047.
  5. Allen D.E., Schriever W.R. Progressive Collapse. Abnormal Loads and Building Codes. Proc. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng. National Meeting on Struct. Eng., Clevelend, Ohio. Apr. 1972, pp. 21—47.
  6. Makhutov N.A., Lobov O.I., Eremin K.I. Bezopasnost’ Rossii. Bezopasnost’ stroitel’nogo kompleksa [The Safety of Russia. The Safety of the Construction Complex]. Moscow, MGOF «Znanie» Publ., 2012, 798 p. (In Russian)
  7. Harutyunyan G.H. Zashchishchennost' blokov pokrytiy promyshlennykh zdaniy s povrezhdennymi nesushchimi konstruktsiyami ot progressiruyushchego obrusheniya [The Protectability of Block Coverings of Industrial Buildings with Defective Load-Bearing Structures from Progressive Collapse]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2015, no. 9, pp. 16—27. (In Russian)
  8. Belostotskiy A.M. Chislennoe modelirovanie v ekspertizakh prichin obrusheniya i lokal’nogo razrusheniya konstruktsiy bol’sheproletnykh zdaniy [Computational Modeling in the Expertise of Collapses and Local Destructions of Big Span Buildings]. Teoriya i praktika rascheta zdaniy, sooruzheniy i elementov konstruktsiy. Analiticheskie i chislennye metody : sbornik trudov Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Theory and Practice of Calculating Buildings, Structures and Structural Elements. Analytical and Numerical Methods : Collection of Works of the International Science and Practice Conference]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2008, pp. 174—183. (In Russian)
  9. Kabantsev O.V., Tamrazyan A.G. Uchet izmeneniy raschetnoy skhemy pri analize raboty konstruktsii [Account for Changes in the Calculated Scheme during the Analysis of Structural Behavior]. Inzhenerno-stroitel’nyy zhurnal [Magazine of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 5 (49), pp. 15—26. (In Russian)
  10. Belenya E.I. Predel’nye sostoyaniya poperechnykh ram odnoetazhnykh promyshlennykh zdaniy [Marginal State of Transverse Frames of Single-Storeyed Industrial Buildings]. Nauchnoe soobshchenie TSNIISK [Scientific Report of CNIISK] Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1958, issue 6, 124 p. (In Russian)
  11. Ayrumyan E.L., Belyy G.I. Issledovaniya raboty stal’noy fermy iz kholodnognutykh profiley s uchetom ikh mestnoy i obshchey ustoychivosti [Investigation of the Steel Truss Operation Made of Cold Formed Profile Taking into Consideration the Local and Overall Stability]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 5, pp. 41—44. (In Russian)
  12. Gubaydulin R.G., Gubaydulin M.R., Muravskiy V.V. Naturnye ispytaniya stropil’noy fermy iz tonkostennykh kholodnognutykh profiley [Full-scale Tests of Trusses Made of Thin-Walled Cold Formed Profiles]. Predotvrashchenie avariy zdaniy i sooruzheniy : sbornik nauchnylh trudov [Prevention of Accidents of Buildings and Constructions: A Collection of Scientific Papers]. 21.09.2009. Available at: http://pamag.ru/src/pressa/112.pdf. (In Russian)
  13. Malyshkin A.P., Esipov A.V. Eksperimental’no-teoreticheskie issledovaniya stal’nykh ferm pokrytiya legkoatleticheskogo manezha v g. Tyumeni [Experimental and Theoretical Studies of Steel Roof Trusses of the Athletic Arena in Tyumen]. Vestnik Permskogo natsional’nogo issledovatel’skogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta. Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [PNRPU Construction and Architecture Bulletin]. 2015, no. 2, pp. 105—115. (In Russian)
  14. Rodionov I.K. Ob eksperimental’nom issledovanii stal’noy fermy, usilivaemoy pod nagruzkoy s primeneniem svarki [On the Experimental Research of Steel Truss Strengthened under the Load with the Use of Welding]. Vektor nauki TGU [Science Vector of Togliatti State University]. 2015, no. 2-1 (32-1), pp. 47—51. (In Russian)
  15. Aistov N.N. Ispytanie staticheskoy nagruzkoy stroitel’nykh konstruktsiy, ikh elementov i modeley [Static Loading Experiment of Building Structures, Their Elements and Models]. Moscow, Leningrad, Narkomkhoz RSFSR Publ., 1938, 240 p. (In Russian)
  16. Mel’nikov N.P., editor. Metallicheskie konstruktsii. Spravochnik proektirovshchika [Metal Structures (Reference Book of a Designer)]. 2nd edition, revised. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1980, 776 p. (In Russian)
  17. Schenck H. Theories of Engineering Experimentation. Third edition. USA, 1979, 302 p.
  18. Kobayasi A., editor. Eksperimental’naya mekhanika [Experimental Mechanics]. In 2 volumes. Translated from English by R.I. Nepershin, A.M. Sokolova, P.N. Kolosovskiy, B.N. Ushakov. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1990, 551 p. (In Russian)
  19. Gorodetskiy A.S., Evzerov I.D. Komp’yuternye modeli konstruktsiy [Computer Models of Structures]. Kiev, Fakt Publ., 2005, 344 p. (In Russian)
  20. Darkov A.V., Shpiro G.S. Soprotivlenie materialov [Strength of Materials]. 4th edition, revised. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 1975, 654 p. (In Russian)

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MODERNIZATION OF WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM BASING ON OPTIMIZATION OF HYDRAULIC PARAMETERS IN CASE OF ACCIDENTS ON MAIN LINES

Vestnik MGSU 10/2015
  • Shcherbakov Vladimir Ivanovich - Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VGASU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Hydraulics, Water Supply and Water Disposal, Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VGASU), 84 20-letiya Oktyabrya str., Voronezh, 394006, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Nguyen Huy Cuong - Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VGASU) postgraduate student, Department of Hydraulics, Water Supply and Water Disposal, Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (VGASU), 84 20-letiya Oktyabrya str., Voronezh, 394006, Russian Federation.

Pages 115-126

In the large cities of Vietnam there is a serious problem of providing the drinking water of good quality to population and industry in the required quantity and with sufficient pressure. Chaotic building in certain areas has resulted in the formation of quite complex water systems, consisting of large main pipelines and a plurality of dead ends. Because of insufficient water pressure in the water network, the majority of consumers have to install individual reservoirs and tanks on the roofs of the buildings. The uneven water withdrawal from the network and its irrational use violates the hydraulic regime of water supply and distribution. The authors offer a water supply scheme with the accompanying transit flow lines with pipes of smaller diameter which allow providing the required amount of water and increasing the pressure on the ring. Hydraulic calculations of ring network were made using the software program WaterGEMS V8i for the worst case of the system of water supply. The plots of the water supply network show an increase in diameter of pipes is required, which greatly reduces pressure losses and ensures a reliable supply of water to the consumer. In order to solve the problem of optimal power flow, a scheme of water supply with associated main pipelines with smaller diameter was created. Laying of main pipelines accompanied by parallel lines connected to them provide better hydraulic conditions, reduce the pressure loss in the piping and shortens power consumption.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.10.115-126

References
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