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RESEARCH OF BUILDING MATERIALS

Determination of the heating temperature of potholes surface on road pavement in the process of repairs using hot asphalt concrete mixes

Vestnik MGSU 11/2014
  • Giyasov Botir Iminzhonovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, chair, Department of Architectural and Construction Design, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 287-49-14; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Zubkov Anatoliy Fedorovich - Tambov State Technical University (TSTU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Urban Development and Motor Roads, Tambov State Technical University (TSTU), 112 E Michurinskaya str., 392032, Tambov, Russian Federation; +7 (4752) 63-09-20, 63-03-72; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Andrianov Konstantin Anatol’evich - Tambov State Technical University (TSTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Urban Development and Motor Roads, Tambov State Technical University (TSTU), 112 E Michurinskaya str., 392032, Tambov, Russian Federation; +7 (4752) 63-09-20, 63-03-72; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 118-127

In the process of roads construction the necessary transport and operational characteristics should be achieved, which depend on the quality of the applied, material and technologies. Under the loads of transport means and the influence of weather conditions on the road pavement deformations and destructions occur, which lead to worsening of transport and operational characteristics, decrease of operational life of the road and they are often the reason of road accidents. According to the data of the Strategic Research Center of "Rosgosstrah" more than 20 % of road accidents in Russia occur due to bad quality of road pavement. One of the main directions in traffic security control and prolongation of operational life for road pavement of non-rigid type is road works, as a result of which defects of pavement are eliminated and in case of timely repairs of high quality the operational life of the road increases for several years. The most widely used material for non-rigid pavement repairs is hot road concrete mixes and in case of adherence to specifications they provide high quality of works. The authors investigate the problems of hot asphalt concrete mixes for repairs of road surfaces of non-rigid type. The results of the study hot asphalt concrete mix’s temperature regimes are offered in case of repair works considering the temperature delivered to the work site and the ambient temperature depending on the type of mix and class of bitumen.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.11.118-127

References
  1. B?chler S., Wistuba M.P. Modellierung des K?lteverhaltens von Asphalten. Strasse und Autobahn. 2012, no. 4, pp. 233—240.
  2. Wellner F., Werkmeister S., Ascher D. Auswirkung der Alterung und des Schichtenverbundes auf den Beanspruchungs zustand von Asphaltbefestigungen. Strasse und Autobahn. 2012, no. 7, pp. 430—437.
  3. Evdorides H.T., Snaitin M.S. A Knowledge-based Analyses Process for Road Pavement Condition Assessment. Proceedings of the ICE — Transport. 1996, vol. 117, Aug., pp. 202—210. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1680/itran.1996.28631.
  4. Snyder R.W. Asphalt Paving: Smoothing Nerves. Roads & Bridges. 2014, no. 3. Available at: http://www.roadsbridges.com/asphalt-paving-smoothing-nerves. Date of access: 14.10.2014.
  5. Fort L. No 5 Road: Massive Impact. Roads & Bridges. 2014, no. 5. Available at: http://www.roadsbridges.com/no-5-road-massive-impact. Date of access: 14.10.2014.
  6. Hofko B., Blab R. Einfluss der Verdichtungsrichtung auf das mechanische Verhalten von Asphaltprobek?rpern aus walzsegmentverdichteten Platten. Stra?e und Autobahn. 2013, vol. 64, no. 7, pp. 522—530.
  7. Vasil’ev A.P., Bystrov N.V., Nadezhko A.A., Fedotov G.A., Pospelov P.I., editors. Spravochnaya entsiklopediya dorozhnika. T. 2. Remont i soderzhanie avtomobil’nykh dorog [Reference Book of Road Worker. Vol. 2. Repairs and Maintenance of Roads]. Moscow, Informavtodor Publ., 2004, 1129 p. (In Russian)
  8. Sostoyanie avtomobil’nykh dorog v Rossii [Condition of Roads in Russia]. Website Klintsy.ru. 09.04.2011. Available at: http://www.klintsy.ru/auto/sostojanie-avtomobilnykhdorog-v-rossii_2014.html. Date of access: 19.09.2014. (In Russian)
  9. Kupriyanov R.V., Evseev E.Yu. Analiz tekhnologiy dlya remonta vyboin na pokrytiyakh nezhestkogo tipa [Repairs Technologies Analysis of Potholes on Pavements of Non-rigid Type]. Dorogi Rossii XXI veka [Roads of Russia in the 21st Century]. 2010, no. 4, pp. 84—87. (In Russian)
  10. Apestin V.K. O raskhozhdenii proektnykh i normativnykh mezhremontnykh srokov sluzhby dorozhnykh odezhd [On the Disagreement of Design and Normative Intermaintenance Period of Road Pavements]. Nauka i tekhnika v dorozhnoy otrasli [Science and Technology in Road Field]. 2011, no. 1, pp. 18—20.
  11. Aleksikov S.V. Abdulzhalilov O.Yu., Osobennosti transportirovki goryachikh asfal’tobetonnykh smesey pri remonte dorozhnykh pokrytiy v gorodskikh usloviyakh [Features of Transport Hot Asphalt Concrete Mixes in the Process of Road Pavement Repairs in City Conditions]. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel'nogo universiteta. Seriya: Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [Proceedings of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Series: Construction and Architecture]. 2009, no. 16, pp. 65—71. (In Russian)
  12. Abdulzhalilov O.Yu., Aleksikov S.V., Karpushko M.O. Ukladka goryachikh asfal’tobetonnykh smesey pri remonte pokrytiy gorodskikh dorog [Laying of Hot Asphalt Concrete Mixes in the Process of Repairs of City Roads’ Pavement]. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel'nogo universiteta. Seriya: Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [Proceedings of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Series: Construction and Architecture]. 2010, no. 17, pp. 35—42. (In Russian)
  13. Abdulzhalilov O.Yu., Aleksikov S.V., Karpushko M.O. Issledovanie zavisimosti proizvoditel’nosti ABZ ot proizvodstvennykh usloviy [Investigation of the Dependence of Asphalt Concrete Mixing Plant Productivity from Production Conditions]. Uchenye Volgograda — razvitiyu goroda : sbornik statey [School of Volgograd for the Development of the City: Collection of Articles]. Volgograd, MUP «Gorodskie vesti» Publ., 2009, pp. 102—104. (In Russian)
  14. Abdulzhalilov O.Yu., Aleksikov S.V., Karpushko M.O. Transportnoe obespechenie stroitel’stva dorozhnykh pokrytiy dorog [Transport Provision for Road Pavement Construction]. Progress transportnykh sredstv i sistem, 2009 : materialy mezhdunarodnoy nauchnoprakticheskoy konferentsii, Volgograd. 13—15 oktyabrya 2009 goda [Progress of Transport Facilities and Systems, 2009 : Materials of International Scientific and Practical Conference, Volgograd. October 13—15, 2009]. Volgograd, Volgograd State Technical University Publ., 2009, part. 2, pp. 95—96. (In Russian)
  15. Abdulzhalilov O.Yu., Aleksikov S.V. Optimizatsiya marshruta perevozki goryachikh asfal’tobetonnykh smesey v gorodskikh usloviyakh [Optimization of Transport Route of Hot Asphalt Concrete Mixes in City Conditions]. Progressivnye tekhnologii v transportnykh sistemakh : sbornik materialov IX rossiyskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (26—27 noyabrya 2009 g.) [Progressive Technologies in Transport Systems : Collection of Works of the 9th Russian Science and Practice Conference (October 26—27, 2009)]. Orenburg, IPK GOU OGU Publ., 2009, pp. 21—23. (In Russian)
  16. Abdulzhalilov O.Yu., Aleksikov S.V. Operativnoe upravlenie resursnym obespecheniem stroitel’stva asfal’tobetonnykh pokrytiy [Operational Management of Resources Provision for Constructing Asphalt Concrete Pavement]. Maloetazhnoe stroitel’stvo v ramkakh natsional’nogo proekta «Dostupnoe i komfortnoe zhil’e grazhdanam Rossii»: materialy mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Low-Rise Construction in Frames of National Project "Affordable and Comfortable Housing for Russian Citizens" : Materials of International Svience and Practice Conference]. December 15—16, 2009, Volgograd, VolgGASU Publ., 2009, pp. 439—441. (In Russian)
  17. Zubkov A.F., Matveev V.N., Evseev E.Yu. Razrabotka teplofizicheskoy modeli pri proizvodstve remontnykh rabot pokrytiy nezhestkogo tipa [Development of Thermophysical Model in Case of Repair Works of Non-rigid Type Pavements] // Vestnik tsentral'nogo regional'nogo otdeleniya Rossiyskoy akademii arkhitektury i stroitel'nykh nauk [Proceedings of Central Regional Department of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences]. Tambov — Voronezh, 2012, no. 11, pp. 303—309. (In Russian)
  18. Zubkov A.F., Odnol’ko V.G. Tekhnologiya stroitel’stva asfal’tobetonnykh pokrytiy avtomobil’nykh dorog [Construction Technology of Asphalt Concrete Road Pavements]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 2009, 223 p. (In Russian).
  19. Zubkov A.F. Tekhnologiya ustroystva pokrytiy iz goryachikh asfal’tobetonnykh smesey s uchetom temperaturnykh rezhimov [Technology of Pavement Construction of Hot Asphalt Concrete Mixes with Account for Temperature Modes]. Tambov, Pershina R.V. Publ., 2006, 152 p. (In Russian)
  20. Zubkov A.F., Khrebtova O.A., Matveev V.N., Evseev E.Yu. Raschet temperatury goryachego asfal’tobetona v ogranichennom ob”eme vyemki dorozhnogo pokrytiya. Svidetel’stvo o gosudarstvennoy registratsii programmy dlya EVM ¹ 2013661215 [Calculation of Hot Asphalt Concrete Temperature in Limited Volume of Road Pavement Pothole. State Registration Certificate of a Program for a Computer no. 2013661215]. 02.12.2013. (In Russian)

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THERMAL AND FILTRATION BEHAVIOUR OF THE EARTH DAM CREST AREA IN SEVERECLIMATIC CONDITIONS

Vestnik MGSU 4/2013
  • Aniskin Nikolay Alekseevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Engineering, Professor, Director of Institute of Hydrotechnical and Energy Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 129-137

The author analyzes the thermal and filtration behaviour of the earth dam’s crest area in the case of the water level rise in the permafrost conditions. Kolymskaya hydroelectric power station operates in severe climatic conditions with the average air temperature of –11.5 °C. The period of negative average temperatures lasts for 7 months (October through April). The coldest months are December and January (when the average temperature reaches –35.4 … –35.8 °C). The warmest month of the year is July (the average temperature reaches 15.8 °C).Analysis of the thermal and filtration behaviour was performed through the employment of the finite element method in its variational formulation. The Fourier-Kirchhoff differential equation was solved as part of the problem resolution.The results of the analysis comply with the earlier findings. However, the unique nature and importance of the hydro-electric facility confirm the need to perform further research into its thermal and filtration behaviour by developing a three-dimension forecastmodel to take account of several following factors, including the bypass filtration and the presence of reinforced concrete pipes in the dam.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.4.129-137

References
  1. Aniskin N.A. Temperaturno-fil’tratsionnyy rezhim osnovaniya i plotiny Kureyskoy GES vo vtorom pravoberezhnom ponizhenii [Thermal and Filtration Behaviour of Dam Base and Structure of Kureyskaya Hydro-electric Power Plant at the Second Reduced Level of the Right Bank]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2006, no. 2, pp. 43—52.
  2. Gorokhov E.N. Temperaturnyy rezhim gruntov levoberezhnogo primykaniya Vilyuyskoy GES-3 [Thermal Mode of Soils of the Left-bank Abutment of Vilyuyskaya-3 Hydro-electric Power Plant]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydraulic Engineering Construction]. 2003, no. 2, pp. 12—15.
  3. Kleyn I.S. Metod rascheta temperaturnogo rezhima kamenno-zemlyanykh plotin [Method of Analysis of the Thermal Mode of Rock-and-earthfill Dams]. Trudy VODGEO [Works of VODGEO Institute]. Moscow, 1981, pp. 162—176.
  4. Shugaeva R.T. Prognoz termicheskogo rezhima gruntovoy plotiny Vilyuyskoy GES-III [Projected Thermal Mode of Earth Dam of Vilyuyskaya Hydro-electric Power Plant-III]. Izvestiya VNIIG. Sb. nauch. tr. [News of the All-Union Scientific and Research Institute of Hydraulic Engineering. Collection of Research Works]. 1984, vol. 158, pp. 64—69.
  5. Sobol’ S.V. Vodokhranilishcha v oblasti vechnoy merzloty [Artificial Water Storage Basins in the Permafrost Conditions]. N. Novgorod, NNGASU Publ., 2007, 432 p.
  6. Gorokhov E.N. Teoriya i metod rascheta temperaturno-kriogennogo rezhima plotin iz kamennoy nabroski v kriolitozone [Theory and Method of Analysis of Thermal and Cryogenic Mode of Rock-mound Dams in the Permafrost Zone]. Izvestiya vuzov. Stroitel’stvo [News of Institutions of Higher Education. Construction]. 2005, no. 9, pp. 32—39.
  7. Mukhetdinov N.A., Kuz’mina S.A., Kozhevnikova E.A. Konstruktsiya grebnya kamenno-zemlyanykh plotin v rayonakh Kraynego Severa [Crest Structure of Rock-and-earthfill Dams in the Far Northern Areas]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydraulic Engineering Construction]. 2005, no. 2, pp. 13—23.
  8. Pekhtin V.A. O bezopasnosti plotin v severnoy stroitel’no-klimaticheskoy zone [Safety of Dams in the North Zone of Construction]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydraulic Engineering Construction]. 2004, no. 10, pp. 6—9.
  9. Pekhtin V.A., Serov A.A., Susloparov V.A. O konstruktsii grebnei kamenno-zemlyanykh plotin v severnoy stroitel’no-klimaticheskoy zone [Structure of Crests of Rock-and-earthfill Dams in the North Zone of Construction]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydraulic Engineering Construction]. 2002, no. 4, pp. 18—20.
  10. Serov A.A., Pekhtin V.A. Kolymskaya GES. Opyt stroitel’stva i ekspluatatsii. [Kolymskaya Hydro-electric Power Plant. Construction and Operation Experience]. St.Petersburg, VNIIG Publ., 1999, 655 p.
  11. Rasskazov L.N., Orekhov V.G., Aniskin N.A. Gidrotekhnicheskie sooruzheniya [Hydraulic Engineering Structures]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2011, vol. 2, 535 p.

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THERMAL REGIME OF MASSIVE CONCRETE DAMS WITH AIR CAVITIES IN THE SEVERE CLIMATE

Vestnik MGSU 12/2012
  • Aniskin Nikolay Alekseevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Engineering, Professor, Director of Institute of Hydrotechnical and Energy Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoye shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Nguen Hoang - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Hydraulic Engineering Structures, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 212 - 218

Concrete massive head buttress dams and gravity dams with extended air cavities were widely used in the hydraulic engineering of Russia and CIS countries. Most of them were built in the severe climate with low average annual temperatures. These circumstances are to be considered in design of the above structures to contemplate technological and design actions aimed at improvement of the stress state of dams.
The solution to the three-dimensional temperature problem is considered in this paper on the basis of the following example of a dam: the height of a concrete buttress dam is 225.0 meters; it will be built in severe climatic conditions; the average annual temperature is - 8.5 °C; the minimum temperature in winter reaches -33 °C in January (average annual value) with an absolute minimum of -60 °C; the period of negative temperatures continues for 7 months in a year. As a result, the solution to the non-stationary temperature problem using the finite element method consists in the method by virtue of which the temperature field of the analyzed area for any moment in time is calculated on the basis of pre-set values of temperature factors variable over the time.
The thermal regime of the concrete dam with an air cavity can be adjustable by simple structural elements, including a heat-insulating wall and artificial heating of cavities. The required intensity and duration of heating are to be identified. Final conclusions about the most favorable thermal regime pattern will be made upon completion of fundamental calculations of the thermal stress state of the dam to be performed in the next phase of the research.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.12.212 - 218

References
  1. Protsenko Yu.D. Osobennosti ekspluatatsii massivno-kontrforsnykh plotin v surovykh klimaticheskikh usloviyakh [Operation of Massive Head Buttress Dams in Severe Climatic Conditions]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydraulic Engineering]. 1966, no. 9, pp. 33—35.
  2. Teleshev V.I., Semenov N.G. Gidroelektrostantsiya na r. Mamakan [Hydraulic Power Plant on the Mamakan River]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydraulic Engineering]. 1968, no. 5, pp. 1—4.
  3. Eydel’man S.Ya. Naturnye issledovaniya plotiny Bratskoy GES [Field Research of the Dam of Bratsk Hydraulic Power Plant]. Leningrad, Energiya Publ., 1968, 253 p.
  4. Kozinets G.L., Vul’fovich N.A., Denisov G.V., Potekhin L.P. Raschetnoe obosnovanie massivnoy gravitatsionnoy plotiny Kankunskoy GES s rasshirennymi polostyami [Analysis of the Massive Gravity Dam of Kankun HPP with Extended Cavities]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydraulic Engineering]. 2012, no. 8, pp. 22—25.
  5. Mikheev M.A. Osnovy teploperedachi [Fundamentals of Heat Transfer]. Moscow, Gosenergoizdat Publ., 1956, 292 p.
  6. Plyat Sh.N., Tsybin A.M. Metod rascheta temperatury v zamknutykh polostyakh kontrforsnykh plotin [Method of Temperature Analysis inside Closed Cavities of Buttress Dams]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydraulic Engineering]. 1973, no. 11, pp. 27—31.
  7. Plyat Sh.N., Tsybin A.M. Vliyanie razlichnykh faktorov na temperaturu vozdukha v polosti kontrforsnoy plotiny [Infl uence of Various Factors on the Air Temperature in the Cavity of a Buttress Dam]. Izvestiya VNIIG [All-soviet Scientific and Research Institute of Hydraulics]. 1974, vol. 106, pp. 82—88.
  8. Aniskin N.A. Temperaturnyy rezhim gravitatsionnoy plotiny iz ukatannogo betona [Thermal Regime of a Roller Compacted Concrete (RCC) Gravity Dam]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydraulic Engineering]. 2005, no. 12, pp. 13—17.
  9. Aniskin N.A., Nguyen Dang Giang. Prognoz temperaturnogo rezhima betonnykh gravitatsionnykh plotin iz ukatannogo betona [Projecting the Thermal Regime of a Roller Compacted Concrete (RCC) Gravity Dam]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel’stvo [Hydraulic Engineering]. 2007, no. 12, pp. 8—14.
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