PROBLEMS OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Creative technologies of the initial stages of architectural education

Vestnik MGSU 1/2014
  • Semeshkina Tat'yana Vladimirovna - International Slav Institute (MSI) Vice-dean, Department of Design, International Slav Institute (MSI), 9 – 25 Godovikov St, Moscow. 129085, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Tkachev Valentin Nikitovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Architecture, Professor, Department of Design of Buildings and Town Planning, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 209-215

On the basis of the scheme of mental map the methodological sequence of educational technologies on the initial stages of high school training on architectural discipline is considered. Dichotomy of architectural activity is specified: both design and implementation process supervising.Professional consciousness of an architect is a subject of development, analysis and selection of design options and an object of creative skills accumulation, both orthodox, which includes mastering of technical disciplines and compositional−art skills, and transcendental, supervised by psychological mechanisms, in particular, associative thinking.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.1.209-215

References
  1. N?llke M. Kreativit?tstechniken. Lizenzausgabe des Rudolf Haufe Verlags, Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Freiburg, 2003, 140 s.
  2. Grishin S.F. Da, ya vsegda byl optimistom [Yes, I've Always Been an Optimist]. Vestnik «Zodchiy 21 vek» [Bulletin "Architect 21st Century"]. 2007, vol. 2 (24), p. 98.
  3. Al'tshuler G.S. Tvorchestvo kak tochnaya nauka [Art as Exact Science]. Moscow, Sovetskoe Radio Publ., 1979, 175 p.
  4. Krinskiy V.F., Lamtsov I.V., Turkus M.A. Elementy arkhitekturno-prostranstvennoy kompozitsii [Elements of Architectural and Spatial Composition]. Moscow, 1934, 232 p.
  5. Stepanov A.V., editor. Ob"emno-prostranstvennaya kompozitsiya [Volumetric and Spatial Composition]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1993, 255 p.
  6. Sarkisov S.K. Osnovy arkhitekturnoy evristiki [Fundamentals of Architectural Heuristics]. Moscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2004, 352 p.
  7. Ponomarev Ya.A. Psikhologicheskiy mekhanizm tvorchestva [The Psychological Mechanism of Creativity]. Chelovek v sisteme nauk [Human in the System of Sciences]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1989, 504 p.
  8. Ganzen V.A. Sistemnye opisaniya v psikhologii [System Descriptions in Psychology]. Leningrad, LenGU Publ., 1984, 176 p.
  9. Tkachev V.N., Semeshkina T.V. Assotsiatsii v arkhitekture i dizayne [Associations in Architecture and Design]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2011, 224 p.
  10. Hesselgren S. Man's Perseption on Man-made Environment. An Architectural Theory. London, 1975, 213 p.

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Creative aspects of architectural education on the example of low-rise house course project. Part 1. Design methods

Vestnik MGSU 7/2015
  • Balakina Alevtina Evgen’evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Architecture, Professor, chair, Department of Building Design and Urban Development, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Tesler Kirill Igorevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Architectural Sciences, Senior Lecturer, Department of Design of Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Tesler Nadezhda Dmitrievna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) assistant, Department of Design of Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kovalev Yuriy Germanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Senior Lecturer, Department of Building Design and Urban Development, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 147-157

One of the main aspects of architectural education is development of the sequence, an algorithm of design, generation of space and planning solution with account for all the limiting factors and requirements. In different periods of society and science development the process of architectural design, its aims and methods have been changed. For example in the 20th century the most important thing was correspondence of buildings and structures to everyday and industrial requirements. At the present time in general the architectural society came to the conclusion that the form and the function are closely related and influence each other. The article highlights the following aspects of current architectural design process: the initial data and design task influence on the method selection, the problem of form and function relation, contemporary trends in searching the form. Two basic methods are exposed: “from the form to the function” and “from the function to the form”. The article uncovers the design phases and shows different elements’ impact on each phase.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.7.147-157

References
  1. Barkhin B.G. Metodika arkhitekturnogo proektirovaniya [Architectural Design Methodology]. 2nd edition, revised. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1982, 225 p. (In Russian)
  2. Molchanov V.M. Osnovy arkhitekturnogo proektirovaniya: sotsial’no-funktsional’nye aspekty [Basics of Architectural Design: Socio-Functional Aspects.]. Rostov-on-Don, Feniks Publ., 2004, 160 p. (In Russian)
  3. Cannon P.F. Louis Sullivan: Creating a New American Architecture. Pomegranate, 2011, 192 p.
  4. Kuleshova A.A. Funktsionalizm kak khudozhestvennoe yavlenie [Functionalism as an Artistic Phenomenon]. Kul’tura i obrazovanie [Culture and Education]. September 2013, no. 1. Available at: http://vestnik-rzi.ru/2013/09/876. Date of access: 29.11.2014. (In Russian)
  5. Ikonnikov A.V. Funktsiya, forma, obraz v arkhitekture [Function, Form and Image in Architecture]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1986, 288 p. (In Russian)
  6. Jones J.C. Design methods, 2nd Edition. David Fulton Publishers, London, 1992, 472 p.
  7. Kandinskiy V. Tochka i liniya na ploskosti [Point and Line to Plane]. Translated from German. Saint Petersburg, Azbuka Publ., 2005, 240 p. (Azbuka-Klassika Series)(In Russian)
  8. Mamoshin M.A. Sovremennaya teoriya formoobrazovaniya v arkhitekture. Opyt analiza i prakticheskogo voploshcheniya [The Modern Theory of Form Making in Architecture. Experience in Analysis and Practical Implementation]. Vestnik grazhdanskikh inzhenerov [Bulletin of Civil Engineers]. March 2006, no. 1 (6), pp. 9—15. (In Russian)
  9. Stepanov A.V., Mal’gin V.I. Ob”emno-prostranstvennaya kompozitsiya [Volume-Spatial Composition]. Moscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2007, 256 p. (In Russian)
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  13. Khan-Magomedov S.O. Suprematizm i arkhitektura (problemy formoobrazovaniya) [Suprematism and Architecture (the Problem of Formation)]. Moscow, Arkhitektura-S Publ., 2007, 520 p. (In Russian)
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  17. Markuzon V.F., Mikhaylov B.P., editors. Vseobshchaya istoriya arkhitektury : v 12-ti tomakh [Universal History of Architecture : in 12 volumes]. 2nd edition, revised. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1973, vol. 2: Arkhitektura antichnogo mira (Gretsiya i Rim) [Architecture of the Ancient World. Greece and Rome]. 712 p. (In Russian)
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  19. Demina A.V., El’chishcheva T.F. Maloetazhnoe zhiloe zdanie. Ch. I. Nesushchie i ograzhdayushchie konstruktsii [Low-rise Residential Building. Part I. Bearing and Enclosing Constructions]. Tambov, TGTU Publ., 2009, 52 p. (In Russian)
  20. Tomina T.S. Osnovnye funktsii voobrazheniya dizaynerov [The Main Functions of Designer’s Imagination]. Arkhitekton: izvestiya vuzov [Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education]. September 2013, no. 42. Sopplement. Available at: http://archvuz.ru/2013_22/82. Date of access: 05.05.2015. (In Russian)

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