City-ecological perspectives of the development of high urbanized multifunctional centers of the largest Russian cities

Vestnik MGSU 1/2015
  • Kolesnikov Sergey Anatol’evich - Samara State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SGASU) Candidate of Architecture, Associate Professor, chair, Department of Descriptive Geometry and Engineering Graphics, Samara State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SGASU), 194 Molodogvardeyskaya str., Samara, 443001, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 7-15

This article presents some results of the author’s dissertation research dedicated to formation of an architectural typology of high urbanized multifunctional units of urban structure of the largest cities (further HUMUUS) as centers of social activity, which include buildings, constructions, transportation equipment and open spaces, where human flows transpose, start and end with the purpose of bringing into this space a concentrated maximum of goods, services and information with minimum time expenditures. This article draws attention to the development analysis of the structure-forming functions of HUMUUS and their town planning and environmental impact on the surrounding area. The study of planning structures of the largest Russian cities (Samara, Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod) made it possible to identify a number of main objects, in which structure-forming functions of HUMUUS are materialized: railroad complex (historically formed, developed, dominated, system-wide road junction), transport interchange hub (providing intraurban messages), public office and business centers, leisure and entertainment centers, shopping centers. Basing on researches of Russian and foreign experience, it is possible to predict with full confidence the following trends and streams of environmental and urban development of HUMUUS in the near-term perspective: Strengthening of the environmental and urban frame by network evolution of HUMUUS; Inclusion of green areas of HUMUUS in the system of citywide green areas; Increment of the interest of the investors to the public road junction for the purpose of reorganization of them to full HUMUUS with all characteristics of high-urbanized and environmental and urban reorganization (separation of traffic and pedestrian flows, maximum capacity, multiple-level system, multifunctional, increase in landscaped green space, reconstruction of engineering systems and communications, the use of modern ecological building designs and finishing materials); Preferential development of the intracity HUMUUS with all the characteristics of intensification of using space (reduction in area of transporting communication with the help of multilevel junction, increment of a number of stories in a building, the use of the levels of the underground space, mechanization of horizontal communication, release of the territory for planting, use of intelligent eco-stabilizing systems of control and management of functioning HUMUUS); Development of the territorial growth trends of HUMUUS with reconstruction of the functional processes and environmental settings in joint junction area; Emphasis of landscape and recreational areas development; Strengthening the role of creation of living environment and planting in the existing urban planning and functional HUMUUS.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.1.7-15

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