ENGINEERING RESEARCH AND EXAMINATION OF BUILDINGS. SPECIAL-PURPOSE CONSTRUCTION

LARGE-SCALE ACCIDENTS AT THERMAL POWER PLANTS (TPP) AND THEIR INFLUENCEON EQUIPMENT LAYOUTS INSIDE MAIN BUILDINGS

Vestnik MGSU 4/2013
  • Belov Vyacheslav Vasil’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) master student, Department of Construction of Thermal and Nuclear Power Plants; +7 (499) 183-25-83, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Pergamenshchik Boris Kliment’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Construction of Thermal and Nuclear Power Plants; +7 (499) 183-25-83., Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 61-69

The co-authors study the problem of large-scale accidents inside main buildings of steam thermal power plants (TPP), their causes and consequences. Within the framework of the research, the co-authors provide statistical data, frequency of major accidents and their most demonstrative examples. The research demonstrates relationship between large-scale accidents and equipment layouts inside main buildings. The model developed by the co-authors may be used to assess the reliability of individual engineering systems (power units), and their interconnection.As a result, the main building is represented as a set of independent engineering systems having similar or different degrees of reliability calculated or defined empirically. Some types of accidents within these systems may cause large-scale accidents, as well as accidents within other systems that maintain no immediate connection to the system already exposed to the accident, but remain in the same building. It is proven that efficient improvement of reliability of any engineering systems depends on the threshold of economic viability. The best solution consists in reduction of the number of engineering systems arranged within one main building.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.4.61-69

References
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  2. Ohlsen J. Brandschutz bei Neubaukonzepten und — projekten aus Sicht eines Versicherers. VGB PowerTech, 2009, no. 12, pp. 88—91.
  3. Golodnova O.S. O faktorakh, sposobstvuyushchikh povysheniyu riska krupnykh tekhnogennykh avariy [Factors Boosting the Risk of Major Industrial Accidents]. Vesti v elektroenergetike [Power Industry News]. 2010, no. 1, pp. 3—10.
  4. Meier H.–J., Alf M., Fischedik M., Hillebrand B., Lichte H., Meier J., Neubronner M., Schmitt D., Viktor W., Wagner M. Reference Power Plant North Rhine–Westfalia. VGB PowerTech, 2004, no. 5, pp. 76—89.
  5. Streer W., Hollman D., Kiener Ch., Rothbauer S., Montrone F., Sutor A. RAM Process Optimizes IGCC Design. Power, 2011, vol. 155, no. 3, pp. 58—64.

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Performance criteria of the layout of the filling area of a petrol station

Vestnik MGSU 12/2015
  • Levin Ruslan Yur’evich - Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (UVGPU) postgraduate student, engineer, Department of Automobiles and Automobile Economy, Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (UVGPU), 20, 8 Marta str., Ivanovo, 153037, Russian Federation.
  • Maslennikov Valeriy Aleksandrovich - Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (IVGPU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, chair, Department of Vehicles and Vehicle Fleet, Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (IVGPU), 20, 8 Marta str., Ivanovo, 153037, Russian Federation.

Pages 128-135

The increasing traffic on the roads requires relevant technological planning, construction, reconstruction and re-equipment of the expanding network of filling stations. The basis for developing of these guidelines lies in the evolution of urban planning concepts and methods to determine the effective parameters of gas stations. This article describes various layout solutions of the fueling area of a station taking into account the main technical characteristics and regulatory requirements for the design, construction and operation of the station. Typical projects of one power station may be of various sizes, taking away residential areas under the land station changes depending on the layout and features host of technological equipment. Excessive area occupied by the service area leads to additional costs for construction, taxes, etc. For an overall evaluation of the effectiveness of the station operation, the paper proposed an integrated criterion of efficiency of layout solutions, considering both technical and economic indicators of the object functioning. In order to justify the effective layout fueling positions at the station the authors used a comparative analysis of the fueling areas and gas throughput for different number of zones and the method of placing fuel dispensers. According to the results of calculations the linear relationship was obtained between the number of columns and the size of the filling area of the station. As a critical metric in evaluating the effectiveness of various variants of layout solutions of a petrol station an assessment of its bandwidth we made. According to the results of calculations a single-row method of speaker placement on the station is more efficient than double-row or three-row ones.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.12.128-135

References
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