ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

Formation of a new south-western direction in development of Yerevan city centre: consistency of architectural planning solutions

Vestnik MGSU 7/2013
  • Aloyan Artem Al’bertovich - Yerevan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (EGUAS) Candidate of Architectural Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Theory of Architecture, Restoration and Restructuring of Historical and Architectural Heritage, Fine Arts and History, Yerevan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (EGUAS), 105 Teryana st., Yerevan, 0009, Republic of Armenia.

Pages 7-14

The author discusses the problem of consistency between the existing architectural environment and new architectural planning solutions in the south-western part of the Yerevan city centre.The article is based on the analysis and systematization of spatial planning, architectural, design, historical, and literary sources covering Yerevan and its architecture. Business districts of urban centres are also taken into account.The author analyzes the features of formation and development of the centre of Yerevan and interrelation between planning solutions and concepts at different stages of its master plan development. A detailed analysis of spatial planning solutions applicable to the south-western part of the city center as a territory full of cultural and historical landmarks is provided in the article.This area has the size of dozens of square kilometers, and it is composed of the main urban design dominants, such as the historical nucleus with the ensembles of citywide importance and monuments of the so-called Tamanian period, the Republic square, lake Yerevan, and Paskevich hill.Numerous historical settlements, such as the Urartian fortress, Karmir Blur, Shengavit, Yerevan fortress, old Nork and others are situated here. The area has historical gardens (Dalma, Sardur gardens), beautiful panoramic view sites as the best viewpoints for the visual perception of Ararat mountain, and natural landscapes.The importance of consistency of spatial planning policies of the urban development documentation such as the Master plan of Yerevan is emphasized. The analysis and substantiation of the value of the area is considered. Research-backed proposals are provided in terms of the optimization of architectural planning solutions.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.7.7-14

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