### Numerical methodfor solving dynamic problems of the theory of elasticity in the polar coordinate system similar to the finiteelement method

Pages 68-76

The authors consider a dynamic problem solving procedure based on the theory of elasticity in the Cartesian coordinate system. This method consists in the development of the pattern of numerical solutions to dynamic elastic problems within any coordinate system and, in particular, in the polar coordinate system. Numerical solutions of dynamic problems within the theory of elasticity are the most accurate ones, if the boundaries of the areas under consideration coincide with the coordinate lines of the selected coordinate system.The first order linear system of differential equations is converted into an implicit difference scheme. The implicit scheme is transformed into the explicit method of numerical solutions. Using the Galerkin method, the authors obtain formulas for the calculation of both the points of the computational domain and the boundary points.Difference ratios similar to those obtained for a discrete rectangular grid and derived in this paper are suitable to design any geometry, which fact significantly increases the value of the methods considered in this paper.As a test case, the problem of diffraction of a longitudinal wave in a circular cavity, where maximum stresses are obtained analytically, was considered by the authors. The proposed method demonstrated sufficient accuracy of calculations and convergence of numerical solutions, depending on the size of discrete steps. The problem of diffraction of longitudinal waves in a circular cavity was taken for example; however, the proposed method is applicable to any problems within any computational domain.The polar coordinate system is the best one for any research into the diffraction of plane longitudinal waves in a circular cavity, since the boundaries of the computational domain coincide with the coordinate lines of the selected system.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.7.68-76

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