INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND LOGISTICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

SOFTWARE PACKAGE FOR STATISTICAL PROCESSING OF UPPER-AIR DATA DESIGNATED FOR ASSESSMENT OF CONDITIONS OF ATMOSPHERIC DISPERSION AS PART OF GEOECOLOGICAL JUSTIFICATION OF CONSTRUCTION OF NUCLEAR AND THERMAL POWER PLANTS

Vestnik MGSU 2/2012
  • Alduhov Oleg Aleksandrovich - Russian Institute for Hydrometeorological Information - World Data Center (RIHMI-WDC) Candidate of Physics and Mathematics, Senior Research Fellow 8 (48439) 74-604, Russian Institute for Hydrometeorological Information - World Data Center (RIHMI-WDC), 6 Koroleva Str., Obninsk City, Kaluga Region, Russia, 249020; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Brjuhan' Аndrej Fedorovich - OOO GrafProektStroyIziskaniya Candidate of Technical Sciences, Chief Project Engineer 8 (495) 637-67-71, OOO GrafProektStroyIziskaniya, Fabrichnaya Str., Schelkovo, Moscow Region, 141100, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 188 - 192

Investigation of the atmospheric dispersion as part of the process of selection of sites to accommodate nuclear and thermal power plants is performed to identify concentration fields of emissions and to assess the anthropogenic impact produced on the landscape components and human beings. Scattering properties of the atmospheric boundary layer are mainly determined by the turbulence intensity and the wind field. In its turn, the turbulence intensity is associated with the thermal stratification of the boundary layer. Therefore, research of the atmospheric dispersion is reduced to the study of temperature and wind patterns of the boundary layer. Statistical processing and analysis of the upper-air data involves the input of the data collected by upper-air stations. Until recently, the upper-air data covering the standard period between 1961 and 1970 were applied for these purposes, although these data cannot assure sufficient reliability of assessments in terms of the properties of the atmospheric dispersion. However, recent scientific and technological developments make it possible to substantially increase the data coverage by adding the upper-air data collected within the period between 1964 and 2010. The article has a brief overview of BL_PROGS, a specialized software package designated for the processing of the above data. The software package analyzes the principal properties of the atmospheric dispersion. The use of the proposed software package requires preliminary development of a database that has the information collected by an upper-air station. The software package is noteworthy for the absence of any substantial limitations imposed onto the amount of the input data that may go up in proportion to the amount of the upper-air data collected by upper-air stations.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.2.188 - 192

References
  1. VSN 34 72.111—92. Inzhenernye izyskanija dlja proektirovanija teplovyh jelektricheskih stancij. [Engineering Survey for the Design of Thermal Power Plants]. Moscow, Mintopjenergo RF, 1992, 121 p.
  2. Osnovnye trebovanija po sostavu i ob#emu izyskanij i issledovanij pri vybore punkta i ploschadki AS (SPPNAJe—87, p. 4.1) [Basic Requirements for the Composition and Volume of Engineering Survey and Research in Nuclear Stations Siting]. Moscow, Minatomjenergo SSSR, 1987, 93 p.
  3. Brjuhan' F.F., Ivanov V.N. Konceptual'naja shema ajerometeorologicheskih issledovanij pri vybore punkta i ploschadki atomnyh stancij [The Conceptual Scheme of Aerometeorological Investigation in Selecting of the Area of Nuclear Power Plants Siting]. Trudy IJeM. 1992, Issue # 55 (155), pp. 3—12.
  4. Atmospheric Dispersion in Nuclear Power Plant Siting: A Safety Guide. IAEA Safety series. # 50-SG-S3, Vienna, IAEA, 1980, 108 p.
  5. Sokolov Yu.Yu. Arhiv srochnyh ajerologicheskih dannyh v pogranichnom sloe na ML ES JeVM [Current Upper-Air Data Archive in the Boundary Layer on the Magnetic Tapes of ES Computers]. Trudy VNIIGMI-MCD, 1987, Issue # 140, pp. 48—55.
  6. Rudenkova T.V. Format arhivacii tekuschih ajerologicheskih dannyh, postupajuschih po kanalam svjazi dlja PJeVM [An Archiving Format of the Current Upper-Air Data Received Via the Communication Channels for PCs]. Trudy VNIIGMI-MCD, 2010, Issue # 174, pp. 41—63.
  7. Alduchov O.A., Eskridge R.E. Complex Quality Control of Upper Air Parameters at Mandatory and Significant Levels for the CARDS Dataset: NCDC Report, Asheville (NC), 1996, 151 pp.

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Problems and prospects of nuclear power plants construction

Vestnik MGSU 2/2014
  • Pergamenshhik Boris Klimentyevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Thermal and Nuclear Power Plants Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 140-153

60 years ago, in July 1954 in the city of Obninsk near Moscow the world's first nuclear power plant was commissioned with a capacity of 5 MW. Today more than 430 nuclear units with a total capacity of almost 375000 MW are in operation in dozens of the countries worldwide. 72 electrical power units are currently under construction, 8 of them are located in the Russian Federation. There will be no alternative to nuclear energy in the coming decades. Among the factors contributing to the construction of nuclear power plants reckon limited fossil fuel supply, lack of air and primarily carbon dioxide emissions. The holding back factors are breakdown, hazard, radioactive wastes, high construction costs and long construction period. Nuclear accidents in the power plant of «Three-Mile-Island» in the USA, in Chernobyl and in Japan have resulted in termination of construction projects and closure of several nuclear power plants in the Western Europe. The safety systems have become more complex, material consumption and construction costs have significantly increased. The success of modern competing projects like EPR-1600, AP1000, ABWR, national ones AES-2006 and VVER-TOI, as well as several others, depends not only on structural and configuration but also on construction and technological solutions. The increase of the construction term by one year leads to growth of estimated total costs by 3—10 %. The main improvement potentials include external plate reinforcement, pre-fabricated large-block assembly, production and installation of the equipment packages and other. One of the crucial success factors is highly skilled civil engineers training.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.2.140-153

References
  1. Vikhrev Yu.V. Atomnaya energetika [Nuclear Energy]. Energetika za rubezhom [Energy Abroad]. 2013, no. 4, pp. 33—38.
  2. Salamov A.A. Novosti energetiki [Energy News]. Energetika za rubezhom [Energy Abroad]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 47—56.
  3. Salamov A.A. Stoimost' PGU s gazifikatsiey uglya [The Cost of Combined Cycle Coal Gasification]. Energetika za rubezhom [Energy Abroad]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 46—52.
  4. Bilozor Ya.S. Avariya na Tri-Mayl-Aylend [Three Mile Island Accident]. Stroitel'stvo AES [Construction of Nuclear Power Plants]. 2010, no. 3 (4), pp. 63—68.
  5. Guskova A.K. Medical Consequences of the Chernobyl Accident: Aftermath and Unsolved Problems. Atomic Energy. 2012, vol. 113, no. 2, pp. 135—142. DOI: 10.1007/s10512-012-9607-5.
  6. Guskova A.K. Medical Consequences of the Chernobyl Accident: Aftermath and Unsolved Problems. Atomic Energy. 2012, vol. 113, no. 3, pp. 209—213. DOI: 10.1007/s10512-012-9618-2.
  7. Kornienko A.G. Obzor avarii na AES Fukusima-1 v Yaponii. Chast' 1 [Overview of the Accident at Fukushima-1 in Japan. Part 1]. Elektricheskie stantsii [Electric Stations]. 2012, no. 1, pp. 2—15.
  8. Kornienko A.G. Obzor avarii na AES Fukusima-1 v Yaponii. Chast' 2 [Overview of the Accident at Fukushima-1 in Japan. Part 2]. Elektricheskie stantsii [Electric Stations]. 2012, no. 2, pp. 13—28.
  9. Kornienko A.G. Obzor avarii na AES Fukusima-1 v Yaponii. Chast' 3 [Overview of the Accident at Fukushima-1 in Japan. Part 3]. Elektricheskie stantsii [Electric Stations]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 2—8.
  10. Kornienko A.G. Obzor avarii na AES Fukusima-1 v Yaponii. Chast' 4 [Overview of the Accident at Fukushima-1 in Japan. Part 4]. Elektricheskie stantsii [Electric Stations]. 2012, no. 4, pp. 2—8.
  11. Chmielewski A.G. Nuclear Fissile Fuels Worldwide Reserves. Nukleonika. 2008, 53(S2), pp. S11—S14.
  12. Kuznetsov V. Pominki po AES vletyat v kopeechku [Commemorating NPP Costing a Pretty Penny]. Mirovaya energetika [World Power Engineering]. 2005, no. 4, pp. 100—101.
  13. Interesnye TES na gaze — vzglyad zhurnala Power [Interesting Thermal Power Plans on Gas — Overview of Power Magazime]. Energetika za rubezhom [Power Energy Abroad]. 2012, no. 5, pp. 3—5.
  14. Baukin A.V., Ivankova M.A., Koltun O.V., Kroshilin A.E., Pavlov A.S., Stroganov V.B., Temishev R.R. Skol'ko stoit atomnaya energiya [What is the Price for Nuclear Energy]. Energopolis. 2013, no. 1—2 (65—66), pp. 40—43.
  15. Mayanovskiy M.S. Razrabotka i vnedrenie nekotorykh usovershenstvovaniy v yadernoy energetike Yaponii [Development and Implementation of Some Improvements in Nuclear Power in Japan]. Atomnaya tekhnika za rubezhom [Nuclear Engineering Abroad]. 2012, no. 10, pp. 17—26.
  16. Fenik B.S. Opyt sooruzheniya 111 ocheredi AES «Kozloduy» v Narodnoy respublike Bolgarii: obzornaya informatsiya [Experience of Construction Line 111 NPP "Kozloduy" in Bulgaria. Overview]. Moscow, Informenergo Publ., 1990, no. 1, 56 p.

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CLIMATIC CONDITIONS OF THE ATMOSPHERIC DISPERSIONAT THE CONSTRUCTION SITE OF NIZHEGORODSKAYA NUCLEAR POWER PLANT

Vestnik MGSU 1/2013
  • Bryukhan’ Andrey Fedorovich - GrafProektStroyIzyskaniya Limited Liability Company +7 (495) 637-67-71, GrafProektStroyIzyskaniya Limited Liability Company, 1 Fab- richnaya Str., Schelkovo, Moscow Region, 141100, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 116-124

A study of the climatic conditions of the atmospheric dispersion has been performed within the framework of a hydrometeorological survey of the site of Nizhegorodskaya NPP (Navashino district, Nizhny Novgorod Region).According to the findings of annual synchronous observations performed at the NPP site and at the principal aerological station of Nizhny Novgorod in the median months of seasons, as well as the climatic data analysis over the region, representativeness of data generated at the principal station in relation to the NPP site data has been identified. In particular, it is proven that components of the wind velocity vector at the site and at the principal aerological station differ insignificantly. Analyses of characteristics of the atmospheric dispersion using relevant aerological data covering the period of 47 years (January 1964 to December 2010), as well as analyses of the climatic field of the meteorological dilution factor in the normal mode of operation of a separate power unit have been performed.The author has found that the approach to the study of the atmospheric dispersion is also applicable to the positioning and design of thermal power plants.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.1.116-124

References
  1. SPPNAE—87. p. 4.1. Osnovnye trebovaniya po sostavu i ob”emu izyskaniy i issledovaniy pri vybore punkta i ploshchadki AS [Summarized List and Plan for Development of Rules and Regulations in Nuclear Energy — 87, Chapter 4.1. Basic Requirements for the Composition and Volume of Engineering Surveys and Researches concerning the Siting of Nuclear Power Plants]. Moscow, Minatomenergo SSSR [Ministry of Atomic Energy of the USSR]. 1987, 93 p.
  2. Atmospheric Dispersion in Nuclear Power Plant Siting: A Safety Guide. IAEA Safety Series, no. 50-SG-S3. Vienna, IAEA, 1980, 108 p.
  3. Dispersion of Radioactive Material in Air and Water and Consideration of Population Distribution in Site Evaluation for Nuclear Power Plants. IAEA Safety Series, no. NS-G-3.2. Vienna, IAEA, 2002, 32 p.
  4. Bryukhan’ F.F., Ivanov V.N. Kontseptual’naya skhema aerometeorologicheskikh issledovaniy pri vybore punkta i ploshchadki atomnykh stantsiy [Conceptual Framework of Aero-meteorological Research into Siting of Nuclear Power Plants]. Trudy IEM [Proceedings of the Institute of Experimental Meteorology]. Moscow, Gidrometeoizdat Publ., 1992, no. 55(155), pp. 3—12.
  5. Aldukhov O.A., Bryukhan’ A.F. Paket programm statisticheskoy obrabotki aerologicheskikh dannykh dlya otsenki usloviy atmosfernoy dispersii pri geoekologicheskom obosnovanii stroitel’stva AES i TES [Software Package for Statistical Processing of Upper-air Data Designated for Assessment of Conditions of Atmospheric Dispersion as Part of Geoecological Justification of Construction of Nuclear and Thermal Power Plants]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 2, pp. 188—192.
  6. VSN 34 72.111—92. Inzhenernye izyskaniya dlya proektirovaniya teplovykh elektricheskikh stantsiy [Institutional Building Codes 34 72.111—92. Engineering Survey for the Design of Thermal Power Plants]. Mintopenergo Rossii [Ministry of Fuel and Energy of the Russian Federation]. Moscow, 1992, 121 p.

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Dynamic characteristics investigations of nuclear power plants containment shells using physicaland mathematical models and real projects

Vestnik MGSU 11/2013
  • Andreeva Peraskovya Ivanovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Strength of Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shоsse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Zavalishin Sergey Iosifovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Senior Research Worker, Head, Research Institute of Experimental Mechanics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shоsse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Shablinskiy Georgiy Eduardovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Senior Research Worker, Research Institute of Experimental Mechanics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shоsse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 114-122

The article reveals comparative results of experimental model studies of the dynamical characteristics of containment shells used for their calculation and construction as well as actual calculation of dynamic characteristics and the results of actual full-scale investigations executed after 40 years of their operation. This comparison of present-day calculations and full-scale researches showed their agreement with the previous investigations performed on physical models of containment shells.The dynamic analysis of the facilities on the base of physical models were widely used in the 70's of the 20th century, when the computers were still in the initial level of development. The results of these model studies were used to justify the strength of critical structures, including nuclear power plants (NPPs), some of which have already worked for over 40 years. The current investigation gives the opportunity to compare the results of the previous model studies with the present calculations of NPP protective containments (shells) and the field studies results. The field investigations were carried out on the reactor containment of VVER-1000 reactor for the 1st unit of Kalinin NPP.1. Model studies of the dynamic characteristics on the physical model base. In order to provide dynamic model studies in the laboratory it is necessary to solve the following problems: 1) to fulfill certain similarity conditions, which provide unambiguous recalculation of the results to the full-scale structures; 2) to determine the scale of the model and its production material, which is related to the structure and characteristics of the vibration-testing machine (shaker), the transitional fixing devices for the model, special vibrators for dynamic loads, etc. The particular attention should be paid to the registration, processing and analysis of dynamic parameters, taking into account quality changes, which have recently occurred in the measurement technique. The model studies were carried out on a series of geometrically similar models of the protective containments fabricated under special technology of gypsum (1:100 scale) and plexiglas (1:200 scale). The models were mounted on a specially designed shaker. Harmonic oscillations with continuous frequency scanning were set up to the testers and resonant vibration frequency was recorded. Then the shell vibration mode was defined at these frequencies using small-sized mobile vibrometer. The frequencies of natural oscillations were recounted for correlation on similarity conditions.2. The study (investigation) of the dynamic characteristics of the protective containment on the base of mathematical model. The model is built in ANSYS calculation software complex and is structurally similar to the physical model, but without built elements and elastic foundation (i.e, the adopted conditions are similar to the physical model). The problem is solved in three-dimensional setting, all elements are made of three-dimensional elements (of solid type). The comparison of the experiment results on physical models and field studies is given in the Table.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.11.114-122

References
  1. Jeong S.-H., Mwafy A.M., Elnashai A.S. Probabilistic Seismic Performance Assessment of Code-compliant Multi-story RC Buildings. Engineering Structures. 2012, vol. 34, pp. 527—537.
  2. Fardis M. N. Seismic Design Assessment and Retrofitting of Concrete Buildings. 2009, pp. 25—33.
  3. Kirillov A.P., Krylov V.V., Sargsyan A.E. Vzaimodeystvie fundamentov sooruzheniy elektrostantsiy s osnovaniem pri dinamicheskikh nagruzkakh [Interaction of Power Plant Foundations with the Base under Dynamic Loads]. Moscow, Energoatomizdat Publ., 1984, 125 p.
  4. Kirillov A.P., Sargsyan A. E. Dinamika i seysmostoykost' AES s uchetom podatlivosti osnovaniya [Dynamics and Earthquake Resistanse of Nuclear Power Plants with Account for the Foundation Yielding]. Moscow, Informenergo Publ., 1988, p. 86.
  5. Chernov Yu.T. Prikladnyye metody dinamiki sooruzheniy [Applied Methods of Structural Dynamics]. Moscow, ASV Publ. 2001, p. 282.
  6. Shablinsky G., Zoubkov D., Isaikin A. Frequency Response Analysis of NPP Containment with WWER – 1000 Type Reactor. 18th International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology (SMIRT 18). Beijing, China, 2005, pp. 83—88.
  7. Liel A.B., Haselton C.B., Deierlein G.G., Baker J. W. Incorporating Modeling Uncertainties in the Assessment of Seismic Collapse Risk of Buildings. Structural Safety. 2009, vol. 31, no. 2, p. 134.

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