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HYDRAULICS. ENGINEERING HYDROLOGY. HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING

Hydraulic resistancein channels having rough bottoms

Vestnik MGSU 9/2013
  • Medzveliya Manana Levanovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Pipiya Valeriy Valerianovich - Breesize Trading Limited Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Project Engineer, Breesize Trading Limited, 42 Mosfil’movskaya St., Moscow, 119285, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 95-100

The authors study the dependence of the hydraulic friction coefficient on the Froude number for open steady uniform flows in channels having a high relative roughness. In the article, the authors provide the equation, which describes the hydraulic resistance in open channels having rough bottoms.Experiments were conducted in the rectangular tray (6,000×100×200 mm). Metal balls having the diameter of 15.1 mm were used to simulate uniform roughness. Aqueous solutions of glycerol were added as operating fluids. Average roughness was identified as k = 0.8d. The range of values of the main factors was as follows: inclination 0.011 —0.06; the Froude number 0.13 — 6.02; relative smoothness 0.3 — 1.36. The authors have proven that the value of the coefficient of hydraulic friction in the zone of the laminar flow is not dependent on the Froude number.The influence of the Froude number on the hydraulic friction is manifested in the areas of the turbulent flow.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.9.95-100

References
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