Study of the dam site shape effect on the behaviour of the perimeter joint of arockfill dam having a reinforced concrete face

Vestnik MGSU 9/2013
  • Sainov Mikhail Petrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 101-117

The article deals with the dam site shape effect produced on values of displacements in the perimeter joint of the 100 m high rockfill dam having a reinforced concrete face. Six alternative options of the dam site were considered: 3 sites having trapezoidal shape and 3 sites having triangular shape. The options also differ in slopes of rock sides (1:2, 1:5, 1:1). Displacements in a perimeter joint were identified based on the analyses of stress-strain states of rockfill dams, completed using the method of contact finite element to model the behaviour of joints. According to the author’s findings, displacements in the perimeter joint occur in three directions: the opening, the outline deflection of the face and the longitudinal displacement of the face. In the course of the modeling process, the perimeter joint opened in all six options, because horizontal displacements of the face (in the direction along the river channel) turned to be approximately equal to its settlement. In case of narrow (triangular) sites, the maximal opening of the joint occurs on the rock sides. In case of wide sites, opening at low levels increases to a considerable extent; large openings are observed not only on dam sides, but in the river channel, as well. An opening of the perimeter joint means reduction of values of tensile forces on the face. If the perimeter joint opens, the face is free to move in other directions. Deflections may reach large values, especially if the dam site is wide and has steep rock sides. Deflections reach maximum values in the points, where the reinforced concrete face demonstrates its maximum deflection. The studies prove that the width of the dam part in the river channel has the major effect on values of displacements in the perimeter joint.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.9.101-117

  1. Stapledon D., McGregor P., Bell G., Fell R. Geotechnical Engineering of Dams. Taylor & Francis, 2005.
  2. Chartrand C., Claisse M., Beaus?jour N., Briand M.-H., Bouzaiene H., Boisjoly C., Gonzaga G., Quenneville R., Bergeron A. Toulnustouc Dam. Canadian Consulting Engineer. October-November 2006, vol. 47, no. 6, p. 51.
  3. Nichiporovich A.A., Borovoy A.A., editor. Proektirovanie i stroitel'stvo plotin iz mestnykh materialov (po materialam VII i VIII Mezhdunarodnykh kongressov po bol'shim plotinam) [Design and Construction of Dams Made of Local Materials (based on the works of the 7th and 8th International Congresses on Large Dams)]. Moscow, Energiya Publ., 1967, pp. 90—99.
  4. Concrete Face Rockfill Dam: Concepts for Design and Construction. International Commission on Large Dams. Bulletin 141, 2010.
  5. Rockfill dams with Concrete Facing-State of the Art. International Commission on Large Dams. Bulletin 70, 1989.
  6. Sainov M.P. Osobennosti raschetov napryazhenno-deformirovannogo sostoyaniya kamennykh plotin s zhelezobetonnymi ekranami [Features of Analyses of the Stress-strain State of Rockfill Dams Having Reinforced Concrete Faces]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2006, no. 2, pp. 78—86.
  7. Vybornov K.A., Sainov M.P. Vliyanie raboty shvov na prostranstvennoe napryazhenno-deformirovannoe sostoyanie kamennoy plotiny s zhelezobetonnym ekranom [Effect of Behaviour of Seams on the Spatial Stress-strain State of a Rockfill Dam Having a Reinforced Concrete Face]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 5, pp. 12—17.
  8. Yu H., Li Sh., Liu Y., Zhang J. Non-Linear Analysis of Stress and Strain of Concrete Faced Rockfill Dam for Sequential Impoundment Process. Mathematical and Computational Applications. 2010, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 796—801.
  9. Park Han-Gyu, Seo Min-Woo, Kim Yong-Seong, Lim Heui-Dae. Settlement Behavior Characteristics of CFRD in Construction Period - Case of Daegok Dam. Jour. of the KGS. September 2005, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 91—105.
  10. Szostak-Chrzanowski A., Massi?ra M., Deng N. Concrete Face Rockfill Dams – New Challenges for Monitoring and Analysis. Reports on Geodesy. 2009, no. 2/87, pp. 381—390.
  11. Gu Gangcheng. Trekhmernyy nelineynyy staticheskiy i dinamicheskiy analiz kamenno-nabrosnykh plotin s zhelezobetonnymi ekranami metodom konechnykh elementov [3D Non-linear Static and Dynamic Analysis of Rockfill Dams Having Reinforced Concrete Faces Using FEM]. Hohai University, Nankin, 1990.
  12. ?zkuzukiran R.S. Settlement Behavior of Concrete Face Rockfill Dams: a Case Study. Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Middle East Technical University, 2005.
  13. Radchenko V.G., Glagovskiy V.B., Kassirova N.A., Kurneva E.V., Druzhinin M.A. Sovremennoe nauchnoe obosnovanie stroitel'stva kamennonabrosnykh plotin s zhelezobetonnymi ekranami [Modern Academic Substantiation of Construction of Rockfill Dams Having Reinforced Concrete Faces]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel'stvo [Hydraulic Engineering Construction]. 2004, no. 3, pp. 2—8.
  14. Gol'din A.L., Rasskazov L.N. Proektirovanie gruntovykh plotin [Design of Earthfill Dams]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2001, 384 p.
  15. Rasskazov L.N., Dzhkha Dzh. Deformiruemost' i prochnost' grunta pri raschete vysokikh gruntovykh plotin [Deformability and Strength of Soils for Analysis of High Earthfill Dams]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel'stvo [Hydraulic Engineering Construction]. 1997, no. 7, pp. 31—36.


Results 1 - 1 of 1