PRACTICAL APPLICATION OF NEW TECHNOLOGIES IN THE COURSE OF CONSTRUCTION OF MODERN BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES (AS EXPEMPLIFIED BY MOSCOW-CITY INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS CENTRE)

Vestnik MGSU 4/2012
  • Sinenko Sergey Anatol'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Professor, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Department of Computer-Aided Design in Civil Engineering, +7 (495) 287-49-14, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Emin Èriširgil - Summa A.S architect, project manager, Summa A.S, .
  • Grabovyy Petr Grigor'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Professor, Doctor of Economics, Department of Construction Processes and Real Estate Management, +7 (495) 967-43-50, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Vil'man Yuriy Avgustovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Professor, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Department of Construction Technology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Grabovyy Kirill Petrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Professor, Doctor of Economics, Department of Construction Processes and Real Estate Management, +7 (495) 210-89-34, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 165 - 169

Technological peculiarities of high-rise buildings and structures are considered on the basis of the multifunctional 70-storeyed building («Moscow City»).
The application of advanced design techniques has proven their efficiency. Advanced methodology of design has reduced the time and cost of design due to repetitive use of the information accumulated in the course of design development, timely information support throughout the whole project development period, and the quality and timeliness of decision-making in terms of technology-related issues. The new design methodology was, to some extent, implemented by means of assurance of the standard functionality of construction-related systems and organizational actions, and through the customization of the system to assure the implementation of both the new functions and the methodology-related solutions.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.4.165 - 169

References
  1. Afanas'ev A.A., Korol' E.A., Kagan P.B., Komissarov S.V., Zueva A.V. Tekhnologicheskie osobennosti vozvedeniya vysotnykh zdaniy [Technology-related Peculiarities of High-Rise Construction]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 6, pp. 369—373.
  2. Sinenko S.A., Lebedeva I.M. Problemy realisticheskoy vizualizatsii organizatsionnotekhnologicheskikh resheniy v srede AutoCAD [Problems of Realistic Visualization of Organizational and Technology-related Solutions in the AutoCAD Medium]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 8.

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PECULIARITIES OF TECHNOLOGY AND MECHANIZATION OF CONSTRUCTION OF MULTI-STORIED BUILDINGS

Vestnik MGSU 4/2012
  • Vil'man Yuriy Avgustovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Professor, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Department of Construction Technology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Sinenko Sergey Anatol'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Professor, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Department of Computer-Aided Design in Civil Engineering, +7 (495) 287-49-14, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Grabovyy Petr Grigor'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Professor, Doctor of Economics, Department of Construction Processes and Real Estate Management, +7 (495) 967-43-50, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Grabovyy Kirill Petrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Professor, Doctor of Economics, Department of Construction Processes and Real Estate Management, +7 (495) 210-89-34, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Korol' Elena Anatol'evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Production Management and Renovation, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Kagan Pavel Borisovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Department of Information Systems, Technologies and Automation in Construction, + 7 (495) 741-63-68, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 170 - 174

Peculiarities of operating processes and mechanization of construction of modern multi-storied buildings and structures are considered by the authors. Principles of the robotized construction technology with the due account for multi-storied buildings are proposed in the article.
Advanced machinery and tooling employed in hi-rise construction operations (including cranes, building structures, installation and mounting devices) fail to be mutually adjustable. Therefore, cranes are capable of performing only one of 16 - 20 operations; the remaining operations are performed manually by the workers. The labour expenditures of workers exceed the time period of cranes in operation 4- to 5-fold.
The position of a building structure inside the building is based on the Cartesian coordinate system; any installation device must have a locating tool equipped capable of moving structural units alongside , and axes and of rotating them about the above axes. Thus, the machinery must be able to move building structures pursuant to six motion patterns.
High positioning accuracy requires a double-staged installation procedure. At Stage 1, a structural unit is relocated by crane mechanisms from the hard grip zone at maximal speed to assure maximal accuracy. At Stage 2, the new locating tool must move the structural unit at the minimal speed to accommodate it into its design position.
Erection performance rate may be improved by reducing the time period when the crane is in operation both in the automated and manual modes by converting the cyclical construction process into a continuous conveyor-type process (the crane construction is to be modified), and by introducing new joints into building structures to assure the self-locking and hard grip with a view to efficient manipulations and high-accuracy positioning.
Besides, an important constituent of the problem of improvement of the erection process represents the factors that may boost the labour productivity. These factors include the accounting of the machine time and the manual working time, as well as the time period of the whole erection process.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.4.170 - 174

References
  1. Vil'man Yu.A. Tekhnologiya stroitel'nykh protsessov i vozvedeniya zdaniy. Sovremennye progressivnye metody [Technology of Building Processes and Erection of Buildings. Advanced Methods]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2008, 336 p.
  2. Telichenko V.I., Korol' E.A., Kagan P.B., Komissarov S.V., Arutyunov S.G., Afanas'ev A.A. Upravlenie programmami i proektami vozvedeniya vysotnykh ob"ektov [Management of Programmes and Projects of Erection of High-rise Buildings] Moscow, ASV Publ., 2010, 144 p.
  3. Afanas'ev A.A., Korol' E.A., Kagan P.B., Komissarov S.V., Zueva A.V. Tekhnologicheskie osobennosti vozvedeniya vysotnykh zdaniy [Technological Peculiarities of Construction of High-rise Buildings]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 6, pp. 369—373.

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APPLICATION OF RIT PILES IN FOUNDATIONS OF HIGH-RISE BUILDINGS

Vestnik MGSU 4/2012
  • Kubetskiy Valeriy Leonidovich - Scientific Research Institute of Moscow Construction (NII Mosstroi) Professor, Doctor of Technical Sciences, +7 (499) 739-30-43, Scientific Research Institute of Moscow Construction (NII Mosstroi), 8 Vinnitskaya St., Moscow, 119192, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Eremin Valeriy Ivanovich - PSP RITA Candidate of Technical Sciences, Director of Technology, PSP RITA, Building 1, 8 Vereyskaya St., Moscow, 121357, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 240 - 245

The authors provide an overview of multiple cases of application of piles, made through the use of electric discharges, as the foundations of high-rise buildings. The values of the bearing capacity of RIT piles identified on the basis of static field tests of specific construction facilities are provided. Nine RIT pile buildings, the height of which varied from 90 to 140 meters, were built before 2012.
The total number of high-rise buildings that rest on RIT piles is equal to nine. They are made of fine concrete prepared according to State Standard 26633-91*, B30 class of compression strength, and W10 grade of water permeability. The reinforcement of RIT piles was performed through the application of the reinforcing cage composed of two sections. A500C steel was used for longitudinal (bearing) rods, the design compressive strength was equal to 435 MPa; dimensions of the bearing steel were based on the principle of perception of the whole design load. The concrete transmitted the load into the soil and protected the steel from corrosion.
On the basis of the analysis of the monitoring results, the technology and tests of PIT piles, a conclusion can be made that PIT piles, that have a diameter of 320 mm, assure the pre-set reliability of high-rise buildings in complex engineering and geological environments.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.4.240 - 245

References
  1. Yassievich G.N. Issledovanie sposoba izgotovleniya buronabivnykh svay s pomoshch'yu elektrogidravlicheskogo effekta i ikh raboty pod vertikal'noy nagruzkoy [Research of the Method of Manufacturing of Bored Piles through the Employment of the Electrohydraulic Effect and Their Behavior under Vertical Loads]. Leningrad, LISI [Leningrad Institute of Civil Engineering], 1977, 223 p.
  2. Gavrilov G.N., Egorov A.L., Korovin S.K. Elektrogidroimpul'snaya tekhnologiya v gornom dele I stroitel'stve [Technology of Electric Hydraulic Impulses in Mining and Civil Engineering]. Moscow, Nedra Publ., 1991, 128 p.
  3. TR 50-180—06. Tekhnicheskie rekomendatsii po proektirovaniyu i ustroystvu svaynykh fundamentov, vypolnyaemykh s ispol'zovaniem razryadno-impul'snoy tekhnologii dlya zdaniy povyshennoy etazhnosti (svai-RIT) [TR 50-18-06. Technical Recommendations Regarding Design Development and Construction of Pile Foundations Made through the Application of the Electric Discharge Technology to High-Rise Buildings (RIT Piles)]. Moscow, VEK Publ., 2006, 68 p.
  4. Kattsenbakh R., Shmit A., Ramm Kh. Rekonstruktsiya gorodov i geotekhnicheskoe stroitel'stvo [Urban Restructuring and Geotechnical Construction]. 2005, no. 9, pp. 80—99.

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Experimental research into the stress-strainstate of high-rise buildings concrete structures

Vestnik MGSU 10/2013
  • Almazov Vladlen Ovanesovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Reinforced Concrete and Masonry Structures, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Klimov Alexey Nikolaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Assistant, Department of Reinforced Concrete and Masonry Structures, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 102-109

Some results of high-rise buildings monitoring program are presented in this paper. The monitoring system is currently operating at the high-rise apartment building in Moscow. The vibrating wire strain gauges were embedded in the foundation slab and groundlevel walls during the construction. Measurements are carried out automatically at 6-hour intervals, and received in real time by the monitoring station. In this paper the result of measuring the strain in the concrete walls during 4 years is reported.The computer model of the building was made in order to compare the experimental and predicted data. Mathematical models of a high-rise building are simplified, but we are taking into account the main factors, that influence the stress-strain state of reinforced concrete structures. These factors are: influence of soil base, phases of construction and change of concrete deformation characteristics. The total strain in constructions was calculated as a sum of a strain under load, thermal strain, plastic shrinkage and creep. This data was compared with the total strain in structures measured by the gauges.The analysis of quantitative and qualitative correspondence between the model and actual data was performed. The comparison shows that the theoretical results obtained by the performed procedure are similar to the experimental data. It demonstrates that the model reflects the actual behavior of constructions. The differences found during the comparison are due to the redistribution of stresses from one part of a construction to the other that can occur even if the load is constant. This phenomenon is clearly seen during the suspension of construction. Some differences due to unaccounted factors were found, which should be investigated later.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.10.102-109

References
  1. Casciati F. An Overview of Structural Health Monitoring Expertise within the European Union. In: Wu Z.S., Abe M. Structural Health Monitoring and Intelligent Infrastructure — Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Structural Health Monitoring and Intelligent Infrastructure. Lisse, the Netherlands, Balkema. 2003, vol. 1, pp. 31—37.
  2. Glisic B., Inaudi D. Fibre Optic Methods for Structural Health Monitoring. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2007, 276 p.
  3. Ko J.M., Ni Y.Q. Technology Developments in Structural Health Monitoring of Largescale Bridges. Engineering Strucutres. Elsevier, 2005, vol. 27, no.12, pp. 1715—1725.
  4. Katzenbach R, Hoffmann H., Vogler M., Moormann C. Costoptimized Foundation Systems of High-Rise Structures, based on the Results of Actual Geotechnical Research. International Conference on Trends in Tall Buildings, September 5—7, 2001. Frankfurt on Main, pp. 421—443.
  5. Schmitt A., Turek J., Katzenbach R. Application of Geotechnical Measurements for Foundations of High Rise Structures. 2nd World Engineering Congress (WEC), 22—25 July 2002. Sarawak, Malaysia, pp. 40—46.
  6. Glisic B., Inaudi D., Lau J.M., Fong C.C. Ten-year Monitoring of High-rise Building Columns Using Long-gauge Fiber Optic Sensors. Smart Materials and Structures, 2013, vol. 22, no. 5, paper 055030.
  7. Voznyuk A.B., Kapustyan N.K., Tarakanovskiy V.K., Klimov A.N. Monitoring v protsesse stroitel'stva napryazhenno-deformirovannogo sostoyaniya nesushchikh konstruktsiy i gruntov osnovaniya vysotnykh zdaniy v Moskve [Stress-strain State Monitoring of Structures and Soil Base of High-rise Buildings in Moscow]. Budivel?ni konstruktsii [Building Constructions]. Kiev, 2010, vol. 73, pp. 461—467.
  8. Almazov V.O., Klimov A.N. Aktual'nye voprosy monitoringa zdaniy i sooruzheniy [Topical Issues of Buildings and Structures Monitoring]. Sbornik dokladov traditsionnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii professorsko-prepodavatel'skogo sostava Instituta stroitel'stva i arkhitektury [Collected Reports of the Traditional Scientific and Technical Conference of the University Faculty of the Institute of Civil Engineering and Architecture]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2010, pp. 169—174.
  9. Ter-Martirosyan Z.G., Telichenko V.I., Korolev M.V. Problemy mekhaniki gruntov, osnovaniy i fundamentov pri stroitel'stve mnogofunktsional'nykh vysotnykh zdaniy i kompleksov [Problems of Soil Mechanics, Soil Bases and Foundations in the process of Erection of High-rise Buildings]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2006, no. 1, pp. 18—27.
  10. Kryzhanovskiy A.L., Rubtsov O.I. Voprosy nadezhnosti proektnogo resheniya fundamentnykh plit vysotnykh zdaniy [Reliability of Foundation Slabs of High-rise Buildings]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2006, no. 1, pp. 191—198.
  11. Bezvolev S.G. Proektirovanie i raschety osnovaniy i fundamentov vysotnykh zdaniy v slozhnykh inzhenerno-geologicheskikh usloviyakh [Designing Procedure and Calculations of Soil Bases and Foundations of High-rise Buildings in Difficult Geotechnical Conditions]. Razvitie gorodov i geotekhnicheskoe stroitel'stvo [Development of Urban Areas and Geotechnical Engineering]. 2007, no. 11, pp. 98—118.
  12. Kabantsev O.V., Karlin A.V. Raschet nesushchikh konstruktsiy zdaniy s uchetom istorii vozvedeniya i poetapnogo izmeneniya osnovnykh parametrov raschetnoy modeli [Calculation of Bearing Structures of Buildings with Due Regard to the History of Construction and Stage-by-stage Change of Key Parameters of Computational Model]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 7, pp. 33—35.
  13. Rekomendatsii po uchetu polzuchesti i usadki betona pri raschete betonnykh i zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy [Guidance on Accounting for Creep and Shrinkage of Concrete in case of Calculation of Reinforced Concrete Structures]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ, 1988, 121 p.
  14. Klimov A.N. Metodika obrabotki dannykh sistemy monitoringa vysotnogo zdaniya // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Techniques of Data Processing of Monitoring System of High-rise Buildings]. 2012, no. 12, pp. 42—43.

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FIRE EVACUATION FROM HIGH-RISE BUILDINGS

Vestnik MGSU 10/2012
  • Korol'chenko Aleksandr Yakovlevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 50 Olimpiyskiy prospect, Moscow Region, Mytishchi, 141006, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Dinh Cong Hung Dinh Cong Hung - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Fire Safety, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 206 - 212

The authors argue that no collapse of structures is likely in the event of a fire emergency in multistoried buildings, rather, other fire-related factors may endanger the lives of people inside high-rise buildings exposed to the fire emergency, including open fire, sparks, high ambient temperature, smoke and toxic combustion products, reduced concentration of oxygen, and combined influence of various factors.
In case of fire, the temperature inside buildings reaches 1100 °С. It exceeds the temperature of the ambient air acceptable for humans by far (70 °С).
The experiments demonstrate that combustion products contain hundreds of toxic chemical compounds. The most hazardous of them include carbon oxide, carbon dioxide, chloride and cyanic hydrogen, aldehydes and acrolein. The author provides the pattern of their influence on the human body.
The smoke consists of unburned particles of carbon and aerosols. The size of particles fluctuates within 0.05-50 MMK. Smoke produces a physiological and psychological impact on human beings.
It has been proven that dangerous fire factors emerge within the first five to ten minutes of the emergency situation. Evacuation is the principal method of safety assurance. However, the velocity of propagation of smoke and heat is so high that even if the fire prevention system is in operation, people may be blocked both on the floors that are exposed to the fire and those that escape its propagation.
New evacuation and rescue methods are recommended by the author. Various ways and methods of use of life-saving facilities are also provided.
Safe evacuation is feasible from buildings where the number of stories does not exceed 10- 12. During evacuation, high density human streams are formed inside buildings, therefore, the period of stay in a burning building is increased. The calculations have proven that a two-minute delay of evacuation converts into a safe evacuation of only 13-15% of people. Low reliability of smoke detectors can make the evacuation of people from high-rise buildings impossible. Special design of smoke detectors is needed for high-rise buildings.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.10.206 - 212

References
  1. Federal‘nyy zakon ¹ 123 ot 22 iyulya 2008 g. Tekhnicheskiy reglament o trebovaniyakh pozharnoy bezopasnosti. [Federal Law no. 123 of July 22, 2008. Technical Regulations of Fire Safety].
  2. Danilenko A., Artem‘ev N., Terebnev V., Chirko V. Dlya rascheta potrebnogo napora [Analysis of Water Head]. Pozharnoe delo [Fire Sciences]. 1985, no. 9, 23 p.
  3. Rekomendatsii po ustroystvu sistem opoveshcheniya i upravleniya evakuatsiey lyudey pri pozharakh v zdaniyakh i sooruzheniyakh [Recommendations concerning Arrangement of Notification Systems and Evacuation of People from Buildings and Structures in case of Fire]. Moscow, VNIIPO Publ., 1985, 19 p.
  4. Chyong Din‘ Khong. Sovershenstvovanie upravleniya tusheniem pozharov i spasaniem lyudey v zdaniyakh povyshennoy etazhnosti gorodov V‘etnama [Improvement of Fire Extinguishing and Rescue of People from High-rise Buildings of Vietnamese Towns]. 2008, pp. 16—25.
  5. Cavin M., Klein B., Hosticca S., Floyd D. Rukovodstvo pol‘zovatelya «Programma FDS–versiya 5» [FDS Software. Version 5. User Manual]. National Institute of Standards and Technology, USA. 2007, 201 p.
  6. Kevin M., Baum H., Rehm R., Mell W., McDermott R. Fire Dynamics Simulator (version 5). Technical Reference Guide-NIST Special Publication 1018-5. National Institute of Standards and Technology, 2009, 117 p.
  7. Koshmarov Yu.A., Bashkirtsev M.P. Termodinamika i teploperedacha v pozharnom dele [Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer in Fire Sciences]. Moscow, VIPTSh MVD SSSR Publ., 1987, 444 p.

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