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MODELLING OF FINANCIAL EFFECTIVENESS AND COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP PROJECTS AND PUBLIC PROCUREMENT

Vestnik MGSU 10/2017 Volume 12
  • Kuznetsov Aleksey Alekseevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Postgraduate student, Department of Economics and Management in Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 1180-1190

The article substantiates the necessity of extension and development of tools for methodological evaluation of effectiveness of public-private partnership (PPP) projects both individually and in comparison of effectiveness of various mechanisms of projects realization on the example of traditional public procurement. The author proposed an original technique of modelling cash flows of private and public partners when realizing the projects based on PPP and on public procurement. The model enables us promptly and with sufficient accuracy to reveal comparative advantages of project forms of PPP and public procurement, and also assess financial effectiveness of the PPP projects for each partner. The modelling is relatively straightforward and reliable. The model also enables us to evaluate public partner's expenses for availability, find the terms and thresholds for interest rates of financing attracted by the partners and for risk probabilities to ensure comparative advantage of PPP project. Proposed criteria of effectiveness are compared with methodological recommendations provided by the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation. Subject: public and private organizations, financial institutions, development institutions and their theoretical and practical techniques for effectiveness evaluation of public-private partnership (PPP) projects. Complexity of effectiveness evaluation and the lack of unified and accepted methodology are among the factors that limit the development of PPP in the Russian Federation nowadays. Research objectives: development of methodological methods for assessing financial efficiency of PPP projects by creating and justifying application of new principles and methods of modelling, and also criteria for effectiveness of PPP projects both individually and in comparison with the public procurement. Materials and methods: open database of ongoing PPP projects in the Russian Federation and abroad was used. The following methods were applied in the research: general scientific theoretical methods, such as idealization and formalization; general scientific experimental methods, such as modelling of objects under study. Results: the main result of this research is development of modelling for comparative analysis of PPP projects and traditional public procurement. This enables us to estimate the “price-quality” ratio and, based on it, analyze critical parameters of the project. Conclusions: despite the objective complexity of the analysis of effectiveness of PPP projects both individually and especially when compared with traditional forms of public procurement, there is a relatively simple way to perform such an analysis by means of modelling and comparison of cash flows of all parties of the PPP process. Proposed model makes the criteria for PPP projects effectiveness more intuitive for interpretation while preserving all key parameters. The relative simplicity of the analysis, calculation of limiting values, and interpretation of the results make the model a useful practical tool both for bodies of the public sector and potential private investors.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.10.1180-1190

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Optimization of evaluation criteria choice in case of public procurement on construction design in the form of open competition

Vestnik MGSU 12/2013
  • Malykha Galina Gennad’evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Construction of Thermal and Nuclear Power Plants, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Chernykh Victoria Nikolaevna - Giprokon L-D Bachelor, head, Development Department, Giprokon L-D, 7 Gilyarovskogo St., Moscow, 129090, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Reshetova Anna Yur’evna - Giprokon L-D Deputy Director, Development Department, Giprokon L-D, 7 Gilyarovskogo str., Moscow, 129090, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 933-87-21; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Alabin Aleksandr Vyacheslavovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Senior Lecturer, Department of Construction of Thermal and Nuclear Power Plants, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 163-170

The possibility of placing orders in the form of public competition is confirmed in law clarification published jointly by Russian Ministry of Economic Development and Federal Anti-Monopoly Service of Russia. Moreover, the analyses and official letters of the Federal Antimonopoly Service recommend to place the orders for construction design in a form of public competition, considering the design work more as creative activity, when initially it is impossible to establish an objective and comprehensive requirements to the quality of work. And, thus, the main advantage of electronic auction is not achieved — that is determining the winner basing on minimum price offer among the bidders who meet pre-set quality requirements.The practice of already conducted design auctions shows that the price offer of the bidder is directly proportional to the quality that he is willing to offer. Moreover, the price reduction is often unreasonable, which can result in either very low quality or work collapse. At this point, placing orders for construction designing and research works in a form of public competition has a number of advantages over the electronic auction system. They are: high-quality and timely work performance due to the establishment of the most important for customer evaluation criteria of the bidders. However, there are also drawbacks. The public competition is the most difficult and the most time-consuming procedure of public procurement methods. Notification of placing an order has to be published on the official website for at least 30 days prior to the closing date and the date of disclosing the bids.In order to prevent corruption the bidders file their applications in sealed envelopes so that the information about the bid remains confidential until the opening of the envelopes. Moreover, the procedure of opening the envelopes is public, it is held at predetermined time and location specified in tender documents, so that each bidder had the right to attend it, make sure that all the envelopes with applications were sealed before the opening, listen and evaluate the content of applications and proposals of other bidders. Then, in a period of no more than 20 days, the tender committee of the customer privately carries out the procedure of applications processing for compliance with the requirements established in accordance with the Law 94FZ, and makes decisions about admission or denial for further tender in respect of each bidder who has filed an application.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.12.163-170

References
  1. Rasporyazhenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 27 fevralya 2008 g. ¹ 236-r [Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 236-r, February 27, 2008].
  2. Pis'mo ot 27 marta 2008 g. ¹ 3663-AP/D05 Ministerstva ekonomicheskogo razvitiya i torgovli RF, ot 25 marta 2008 g. ¹ IA/6294 Federal'noy antimonopol'noy sluzhby «O sposobakh razmeshcheniya zakazov na vypolnenie rabot, otnosyashchikhsya k arkhitekturno-planirovochnym rabotam, razrabotke proektnoy dokumentatsii i tekhniko-ekonomicheskogo obosnovaniya» [Letter No. 3663-AP/D05 as of March 27, 2008 of the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of the Russian Federation, Letter No. IÀ/6294 as of March 25, 2008 of the Federal Antimonopoly Service “On the Methods for Placing Work Orders Related to Architectural and Planning Works, Development of Design Documentation and Feasibility study”].
  3. Federal'nyy zakon Rossiyskoy Federatsii ot 21 iyulya 2005 g. ¹ 94-FZ «O razmeshchenii zakazov na postavki tovarov, vypolnenie rabot, okazanie uslug dlya gosudarstvennykh i munitsipal'nykh nuzhd» [Federal Law ¹ 94-FZ of July 21, 2005 "On Placement of Orders to Supply Goods, Carry out Works and Render Services for Meeting State and Municipal Needs”].
  4. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 10 sentyabrya 2009 g. ¹ 722 «Ob utverzhdenii Pravil otsenki zayavok na uchastie v konkurse na pravo zaklyuchit' gosudarstvennyy ili munitsipal'nyy kontrakt na postavki tovarov, vypolnenie rabot, okazanie uslug dlya gosudarstvennykh ili munitsipal'nykh nuzhd» [Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 722 as of September 10, 2009 “On Approval of Rules of Bid Evaluation for Participation in a Tender to Conclude State or Municipal Contract (Civil Contract of Budgetary Institution) on Supply of Goods, Carrying out Works and Rendering Services for Public Needs”].

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