NATURE OF WAVE PROCESSES AND THEIR INTERACTION WITH Tidal power PLANTS

Vestnik MGSU 4/2012
  • Alekseeva Ol'ga Aleksandrovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) , Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 200 - 203

The author examines the nature of wave processes and their impact on the operation of tidal power plants. The article also has an overview of both operating and prospective tidal power plants in Russia and worldwide. Patterns of tidal fluctuations and the intensity of their driving forces are also considered in the article. The author discloses the origin of tides in terms of elementary physics and hydraulics. The author covers various aspects of formation of different types of inequality of tides caused by alterations in the mutual positions of the Sun and the Moon in relation to the Earth, variable declination of tide-generating luminaries (the Sun and the Moon) in relation to the plane of the Earth equator, and variable distance between the luminaries and the Earth. The author analyzes wave-related phenomena, including refraction, diffraction and interference, their origin and influence onto the properties of waves. The author also covers the origin of advancing and standing waves, or waves of mixed origin, and the impact of the wind onto the characteristics of wave fluctuations. The author provides suggestions regarding potential methods of their control that can affect the essential concept of construction of tidal power plants.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.4.200 - 203

References
  1. Bernshteyn L.B. Prilivnye elektrostantsii [Tidal Power Plants]. Moscow, 1987. 296 p.
  2. Bezrukov Yu.F. Okeanologiya. Dinamicheskie yavleniya i protsessy v okeane [Oceanology. Dynamic Phenomena and Processes in the Ocean]. Part 2. Taurida National V.I. Vernadsky University, 2006.
  3. Pilyaev S.I., Gubina N.A. Volnovye raschety pri proektirovanii portov [Wave Calculations as Part of Design of Ports]. Moscow, MSUCE, 2010, 96 p.

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USING RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES IN DEVELOPMENT OF THE FAR EASTERN REGION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Vestnik MGSU 2/2012
  • Monahov Boris Evgen'evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associated Professor, Director, Institute of Distance Learning and Secondary Professional Education 8 (499) 188-04-02, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Jaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Shilova Ljubov' Andreevna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) postgraduate student 8 (495) 287-49-19, extension 1356, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Jaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 161 - 169

Today, Russian Far East represents a transit hub connecting Europe and Russia with Southeast Asia, Japan and America. The optimal pattern of its development involves its economic growth in combination with the implementation of major investment projects to be funded by the state and private investors. Despite substantial local problems, development of eastern regions is the top-priority task for Russian and international businesses.
The paper proposes several alternative solutions to the power generation problems of Russian Far East through the application of renewable sources of power. Namely, several options considered in this paper include construction of a tidal power plant in Tugurskij bay sheltered from the heavy ice of the Sea of Ohotsk by a string of the Shantar Islands, as well as the complementary operation of wave power plants. However, the use of power generated by tidal power plants seems to be problematic due to uneven power generation for the reason of cyclical (bi-weekly) nature of tides.
This paper proposes several solutions to ensure regular power generation by Tugurskaja tidal power plant. Solution 1 contemplates the backing to be provided by Sredne-Uchurskaja and Kankunskaja hydraulic power plants in South Yakutia.
The amount of power undersupplied by Tugurskaja tidal power plant may be covered by the hydraulic power plants, and the drop-down in the performance of a tidal power plant may be compensated by the hydraulic power plants to ensure guaranteed complementary performance of a power generating vehicle composed of a network of tidal and hydraulic power plants.
Solution 2, which is more effective, involves construction of a pumped-storage power plant in a valley of the Ujkan River tributary in Khabarovsk Krai.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.2.161 - 169

References
  1. Strategija social'no-jekonomicheskogo razvitija Dal'nego Vostoka i Bajkal'skogo regiona na period do 2025 goda [Strategy of Social and Economic Development of the Far East and the Baikal Regon through 2025], approved by the Resolution of the RF Government of December 28, 2009 # 2094-r.
  2. Gridnev D.Z. Proektirovanie prirodno-jekologicheskogo karkasa v sostave gradostroitel'noj dokumentacii [Design of Natural Ecological Framework as Part of the Urban Planning Documentation]. Problemy regional'noj jekologii [Problems of Regional Ecology], 2009, Issue # 6, pp. 18—25.
  3. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia [electronic resource]. Mode of access: http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/ÏÝÑ_ «Lya_Rans". Date of access 27.08.2011.
  4. Internet resource. http://temperatures.ru. Date of access 08.02.2012.
  5. Science photo library http://www.sciencephoto. Date of access 08.02.2012.
  6. Jiangxia Tidal Power Station. http://www.answers.com/topic/jiangxia-tidal-power-station; date of access 08.02.2012.
  7. Wenling Jiangxia experimental tidal generation plant. http://www.chinatechgadget.com/wenlingjiangxia-experimental-tidal-generation-plant.html Date of access 08.02.2012.
  8. Feasibility Report on Tugurskaja tidal power plant located in-between Cape Nosorog and Cape Bolshaja Larganda in Tugurskij Bay of the Sea of Ohotsk, Moscow, 2006.
  9. Bernshtejn L.B. Prilivnye jelektrostancii [Tidal Power Plants]. Moscow, Gidroproekt Institut [JSC Institute Hydroproject], 1994.

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