SNOW ON TRANSLUCENT ROOFS OF HEATED BUILDINGS

Vestnik MGSU 4/2012
  • Konstantinov Aleksandr Petrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) postgraduate student, Department of Architecture of Civil and Industrial Buildings, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Plotnikov Aleksandr Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, senior research worker, Professor, Department of Civil and Industrial Buildings Architecture, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Boriskina Irina Vasil'evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Researcher, Department of Testing of Structures, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MSUCE), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 51 - 55

The article covers the influence of the snow cover on the behaviour of translucent roofs acting as envelope structures. The authors note that the influence of the snow cover accumulated on the surfaces of translucent roofs is the least favourable influence produced on these structures, as any cover deprives translucent structures of their principal function; that is, admitting the sunlight and providing the natural illumination of the under-roof space. One of the actions aimed at prevention of the snow accumulation on the surfaces of translucent roofs represents the right choice of glazing, mode of heating and the roofing inclination angle, so that the snow could melt away within hours after a snowfall. However, this method requires a thorough research of the snow melting process typical for translucent roofs.
The authors provide the field data and describe the experiments involving the accumulation and melting of the snow on the surface of the roof glazing, given different angles of inclination. On the basis of the above, the authors propose a snow melting model that is based on the dynamic behaviour of the snow cover in the course of melting. This model may be used to resolve a wide range of problems that consist in the identification of the time period while the snow cover may rest on translucent roofs of different inclination angles, as well as the identification of the maximal amount of snow accumulated on translucent roofs without melting.
Numerical methods were applied to identify the time periods in the course of which the snow cover retained on the glass roofs that had different inclination angles. The snow melting model developed by the authors was used for the above purpose.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2012.4.51 - 55

References
  1. Konstantinov A.P., Plotnikov A.A., Boriskina I.V. Snezhnyy pokrov na steklyannykh kupol'nykh pokrytiyakh otaplivaemykh zdaniy (na primere g. Moskva) [Snow Cover Accumulated on Glass Domeshaped Roofings of Heated Buildings (as Exemplified by Moscow)]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 1, vol. 1, pp. 120—126.

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Stationary temperature field in multi-layered rods with discontinuous of cross section width

Vestnik MGSU 1/2019 Volume 14
  • Mishchenko Andrey V. - Novosibirsk State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Sibstrin) (NSUACE (Sibstrin)) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Structural Mechanics, Novosibirsk State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Sibstrin) (NSUACE (Sibstrin)), 113 Lenigradskaya st., Novosibirsk, 630008, Russian Federation.

Pages 12-21

Introduction. Presents a method for modeling a two-dimensional stationary temperature field in a layered rod. The peculiarity of the structure of the rod is the presence of discontinuity of the width of the cross section in the direction of heat flow and multilayer. Identification of the temperature field in such rods is a necessary step in solving the problem of thermoelasticity. The relevance of the problem lies in the development of analytical methods for analysis layered rods of complex geometric shape with thermal effects, with acceptable computational complexity and necessary accuracy. Materials and methods. For a multilayer rod, a method for constructing an approximate solution of the Dirichlet stationary heat conduction problem with a transverse heat flow direction is considered. Within each layer, the temperature distribution function is represented as a sum of two functions. The first function, linear in the direction of the heat flow, reflects the exact solution of the problem for a rectangular layered section. The second function is the correction nonlinear function of two variables. It describes the nonlinear distortions of the temperature field due to the presence of discontinuities in the width of the cross section. The correction function, according to the Fourier method, is represented as a product of a given coordinate function and the sum of the sought amplitudes caused by the width breaks. The functions of the effect of breaking the width on temperature fields in adjacent layers are introduced. An approximate formulation of the Dirichlet problem with integral conjugation conditions on interlayer boundaries is formulated. Results. The parameters of the stationary temperature field were calculated for a seven-layer section of a T-shaped form with alternating layers of carbon and steel. Testing the results of the Ansys program showed good qualitative and quantitative correspondence of two-dimensional temperature fields. Conclusions. The obtained solution satisfactorily describes the temperature field in the cross section of a layered rod in the vicinity of its geometric features. The method is characterized by acceptable laboriousness and accuracy suitable for solving the problem of thermoelasticity of a layered rod.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2019.1.12-21

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