TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS

Design of ropeways of the mountain recreational centers

Vestnik MGSU 11/2014
  • Tseva Anna Victorovna - Mytishchinskiy Branch, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Assistant Lecturer, Department of Architectural and Construction Design, Mytishchinskiy Branch, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 50 Olimpiyskiy prospekt, Mytishchi, Moscow Region, 141006, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 171-179

Ropeways are an eco-friendly and economically viable transport used for transportation of passengers and shipment. Ropeways are widely applied during construction in the conditions of a mountainous relief. The state programs aimed at the development of mountain recreational centers (MRCs) stipulate ropeways construction in accordance with the MRC situational plan. Safety and comfort of a ropeway are defined not only by its technical characteristics, but also by its linking to the relief, MRC facilities and infrastructure. The article describes the main design stages of a ropeway starting from the concept, a choice of its axis, determination of capacity, type of a ropeway, requirements to the track before the design of drop-off/pick-up zones. For each design stage the explanations, which reflect real work specifics, are provided, together with the technical characteristics for calculations and solution samples. The concept defines the functional purpose of a ropeway: ski slopes/ tourist zones/ recreation areas; the season of ropeway operation, the scheme of communications with the MRC objects, the capacity of reception base, the minimum distance from the bottom stations to residential complexes. The critical decisions of axis and track design are carried out by a coalition of designer-planners, expert designers and ropeway technologists. The ropeway, which performs transport function, unites all the objects of the mountain recreational center into a single complex. The optimum placement of a ropeway deals with the questions of comfort, safety and profitability, therefore greatly contributing to the quality of the whole ropeway project. During the MRC development one should consider the questions of infrastructure expansion, year-round ropeway operation and increasing ski tracks capacity, which will demand ropeway modernization and/ or changes in the situational plan of the mountain recreational center.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.11.171-179

References
  1. Le t?l?ph?rique urbain, un mode de transport qui monte. Qu’en savons-Nous? Agence d’Urbanisme de Caen-M?tropole. 2013, no. 56, p. 4.
  2. Transports par c?bles a?riens en milieu urbain et p?riurbain : quel domaine de pertinence en France? 15 p. (CERTU — STRMTG — CETE ; D?cembre 2011). Available at: http://www.strmtg.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/transports_cables.pdf. Date of access: 12.07.2014.
  3. Bovskiy G. Kanatnye dorogi [Ropeways]. Gornolyzhnaya industriya Rossii [Skiing Industry in Russia]. 2007, no. 7, pp. 44—45. (In Russian)
  4. Obustroystvo gornykh kurortov [Arrangement of Mountain Resorts]. Gorimpeks Publ., Moscow, 2008, 96 p. (In Russian)
  5. Stations skis aux pieds. Available at: http://www.france-montagnes.com/webzine/activites/stations-skis-aux-pieds/. Date of access: 12.07.2014.
  6. PB 10-559—03. Pravila ustroystva i bezopasnoy ekspluatatsii passazhirskikh podvesnykh i buksirovochnykh kanatnykh dorog [PB 10-559-03. Rules for Arrangement and Safe Operation of Passenger Out-Board and Towingropeways]. Rossiyskaya gazeta [Russian Newspaper]. 2003, June 21, no. 120/1. (In Russian)
  7. Kontseptsiya sozdaniya turisticheskogo klastera v Severo-Kavkazskom federal’nom okruge, Krasnodarskom krae i Respublike Adygeya [The Concept of Creation of a Tourist Cluster in North Caucasus Federal District, Krasnodar Krai and the Republic of Adygea]. Moscow, 2011, 221 p. (In Russian)
  8. RM2. Conception g?n?rale des t?l?ph?riques : Les Guide Technique. Version du 29 janvier 2008. 135 p. Available at: http://www.bulletin-officiel.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/fiches/BO20087/A0070004RM2.pdf. Date of access: 12.07.2014.
  9. Tekhnologii gornolyzhnoy industrii [Technologies of the Aalpine Skiing Industry]. Rosinzhiniring Publ. Available at: http://skibuild.ru/images/pic-news/tecnology-ukreplenie-sklonov.pdf. Date of access: 12.07.2014. (In Russian)
  10. Inzhenernye resheniya po zashchite territorii [Engineering Decisions on Protection of the Territory]. Rosinzhiniring Publ. Available at: http://roing.ru/pdf/engprotection.pdf. Date of access: 12.07.2014. (In Russian)
  11. Tekhnologicheskiy proekt. PPKD TSD 13 c shestimestnymi kreslami na ottseplyaemykh zazhimakh. STK «Gornaya karusel’» pos. Krasnaya Polyana g. Sochi. Poyasnitel’naya zapiska ¹ 14401PZ [Technological project. PPKD TSD13 with Six-seater Chairs on the Unhooked Clips. Sports and Tourist Complex "Gornaya karusel’" in the village Krasnaya Polyana, Sochi. Explanatory Note no. 14401PZ].Gortekhproektpostavka Publ., Moscow, 2013, 33 p. (In Russian)
  12. Etude de faisabilit? d'une liaison t?l?ph?rique entre Gallieni et La Noue. Egis Rail. Available at: http://www.bagnoletlanoue.info/laNoue1/docs/Telepherique.pdf. Date of access: 12.07.2014.
  13. Alshalalfah B., Shalaby A., Dale S. Experiences with Aerial Ropeway Transportation Systems in the Urban Environment. Journal of Urban Planning and Development. March 2014, vol. 140, no. 1, 04013001. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)UP.1943-5444.0000158.
  14. Alshalalfah B., Shalaby A., Dale S., Othman F. Improvements and Innovations in Aerial Ropeway Transportation Technologies: Observations from Recent Implementations. Journal of Transportation Engineering. August 2013, vol. 139, no. 8, pp. 814—821. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)TE.1943-5436.0000548.
  15. Alshalalfah B., Shalaby A., Othman F. Aerial Ropeway Transit — Exploring its Potential for Makkah. Center of Research Excellence in Hajj and Omrah. 279 p. Available at: http://www.civil.engineering.utoronto.ca/Assets/Civil+Engineering+Digital+Assets/Makkah+Project+Report+-+Part+1.pdf; http://www.civil.engineering.utoronto.ca/Assets/Civil+Engineering+Digital+Assets/Makkah+Project+Report+-+Part+2.pdf. Date of access: 12.07.2014.

Download

METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF REGION-WIDE ADJUSTMENT OF BORDER LINESOF CLIMATIC ZONES FOR ROAD BUILDING PURPOSES

Vestnik MGSU 6/2013
  • Efimenko Sergey Vladimirovich - Tomsk State Architectural and Civil University Candidate of Technical Science, Advisor, Advisor of the Department of Highways, Tomsk State Architectural and Civil University, 26, Solyanaya square, Tomsk, 634003, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Cherepanov Dmitrii Nikolaevich - Tomsk State Architectural and Civil University Candidate of Technical Science, Advisor of the Department of Advances Mathematics, Tomsk State Architectural and Civil University, 26, Solyanaya square, Tomsk, 634003, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 214-222

Efficient operation of transport facilities considerably depends on the climatic conditions in their location. Unfortunately, road design standards that are currently in effect in the Russian Federation fail to take adequate account of specific climatic conditions of certain Russian territories. The problem of organization and integration of information flows with account for the geographic complexes for the purpose of climatic zoning of areas is considered in the article. The procedure of data collection and processing at the stage of zoning is demonstrated. It encompasses four stages of research, including the study of the local environment, research into road zoning in certain territories using traditional district zoning methods or new mathematical techniques aimed at the resolution of road-related problems, application of zoning-related findings in design, construction, repair and maintenance of highways. The research covered in this article is particularly relevant due to the insufficient regard of the climatic conditions at the stage of design of highways for such areas as Siberia and the Far East of Russia.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.6.214-222

References
  1. SNiP 2.05.02—85*. Avtomobil’nye dorogi [Construction Norms and Rules 2.05.02—85*. Highways]. Moscow, Gosstroy Publ., 2001. 56 p.
  2. Efimenko V.N., Efimenko S.V., Badina M.V. Uchet regional’nykh prirodno-klimaticheskikh usloviy pri utochnenii norm proektirovaniya avtomobil’nykh dorog [Account for Regional Natural and Climatic Conditions in the Course of Adjustment of Railroad Design Norms]. Nauka i tekhnika v dorozhnoy otrasli [Science and Technology in Road Building]. 2012, no.1, pp. 14—17.
  3. Yarmolinskiy A.I., Pichugov A.P., Pugachev I.N. Kompleksnyy podkhod k dorozhnomu rayonirovaniyu territorii Sakhalinskoy oblasti [Multi-component Approach to Road Zoning of the Territory of the Sakhalin Region]. Available at: http://ad.khstu.ru/files/statja/$file/statja8.pdf.
  4. Gul’ko O.N. Dorozhno-klimaticheskoe rayonirovanie territorii Kraynego Severa Evropeyskoy chasti Rossii [Road and Climatic Zoning of the Far North of the European Russia]. Proektirovanie avtomobil’nykh dorog. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov MADI (GTU) [Design of Highways. Collection of Research Works of the Moscow Automobile and Road Construction Institute (State Technical University)] Moscow, 2004, pp. 19—33.
  5. Sidenko V.M., Batrakov O.T., Volkov M.I., Kaluzhskiy Ya.A., Kudryavtsev N.M., Mikhovich S.I., Romanenko I.A., Fomin V.A., Gavrilov E.V. Avtomobil’nye dorogi (Sovershenstvovanie metodov proektirovaniya i stroitel’stva) [Highways (Improvement of Design and Construction Methods)]. Kiev, Budivel’nik Publ., 1973, 278 p.
  6. Russam K., Coleman J.D. The Effect of Climatic Factors on Subgrade Moisture Conditions. Geotechnique. 1961, March, vol. XI, no. 1, pp. 22—28.
  7. Zapata C.E., Houston W.N. Calibration and Validation of the Enhanced Integrated Climatic Model for Pavement Design. Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C., 2008, 62 p.
  8. Efimenko V.N., Efimenko S.V., Badina M.V. Utochnenie dislokatsii granits dorozhno-klimaticheskikh zon na territorii Zapadnoy Sibiri s primeneniem metodov matematicheskogo modelirovaniya [Adjustment of Borders of Road and Climatic Zones in Western Siberia Using Mathematical Modeling Methods]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta [Proceedings of Tomsk State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering]. 2007, no. 1, pp. 220—228.
  9. Efimenko V.N. Metodicheskie osnovy dorozhno-klimaticheskogo rayonirovaniya territorii Yugo-Vostoka Zapadnoy Sibiri [Methodological Fundamentals of Road and Climatic Zoning of the South-east of Western Siberia]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Stroitel’stvo [News of Higher Education Institutions. Construction] 2002, no. 10, pp. 87—90.
  10. Motylev Yu.L. Ustoychivost’ zemlyanogo polotna avtomobil’nykh dorog v zasushlivykh i pustynnykh rayonakh [Stability of Highway Roadbed in Dry Lands and Deserts]. Ìoscow, Transport Publ., 1969, 230 p.
  11. Kupriyanova T.P. Printsipy i metody fiziko-geograficheskogo rayonirovaniya s primeneniem EVM [Principles and Methods of Computerized Physiographic Zoning]. Ìoscow, Nauka Publ., 1977, 126 p.
  12. Efimenko V.N., Efimenko S.V., Badina M.V. Matematicheskie podkhody k utochneniyu granits dorozhno-klimaticheskogo rayonirovaniya otdel’nykh administrativnykh obrazovaniy [Mathematics-based Approaches to Adjustment of Road and Climatic Zones of Specific Administrative Areas]. Avtomobil’nye dorogi i mosty [Highways and Bridges]. Minsk, 2008, no. 1, ðð. 46—48.

Download

INVESTMENT OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF ROAD-BUILD MEANS, AUTOMATIC AND INFORMATIONAL SYSTEMS TO INCREASE TRAFFIC SAFETY IN VEHICLE SYSTEMS

Vestnik MGSU 9/2015
  • Shirokov Lev Alekseevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering and Electrical Drive, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Shirokova Ol’ga L’vovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Economical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Economy and Applied Mathematics, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Palaguta Konstantin Alekseevich - Moscow State Industrial University (MSIU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Automation and Control in Technical Systems, Moscow State Industrial University (MSIU), 16 Avtozavodskaya str., Moscow, 115280, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 130-145

The modern transport system is a complex integrated object, which includes various road pavements, different technical means to provide vehicles motion, organizational systems of traffic management. In the contemporary conditions of construction industry functioning the task to create vehicle systems is of a great economic importance. Great labour and material resources are used for production of transport means for providing construction works and operation of these means. The authors consider the questions of theoretical and informational foundation development for the formation of the criteria basis of investment optimization task during construction of automatical and informational systems for increase of traffic safety in transport systems, providing zero accident rate.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.9.130-145

References
  1. Elvik R., Hoye A., Vaa T., Erke A., Sorensen M. The Handbook of Road Safety Measures. Emerald Group Publishing, 2009, 1140 p.
  2. Martin J.L. Relationship between Crash Rate and Hourly Traffic Flow on Interurban Motorways. Accident Analysis & Prevention. 2002, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 619—629. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0001-4575(01)00061-6.
  3. Palaguta K.A. Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Car Safety Systems. Innovative Information Technologies : International Scientific — Practical Conference. Praha, 2014, pp. 292—295.
  4. Pavlov V.V. Nachala teorii ergaticheskikh system [Fundamentals of the Theory of Ergatic Systems]. Kiev, Naukova dumka Publ., 1975, 240 p. (In Russian)
  5. Palaguta K.A., Shirokov L.A. Ierarkhicheskaya struktura avtotransportnoy sistemy [Hierarchical Structure of Transport System]. Innovatsionnye informatsionnye tekhnologii : materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Innovative Information Technologies : Materials of the International Science and Practice Conference]. Moscow, MIEM NIU VShE Publ., 2013, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 289—293. (In Russian)
  6. Palaguta K.A. Samoupravlyaemyy avtomobil’ kak odin iz vozmozhnykh sposobov povysheniya bezopasnosti transportnykh sredstv [Autonomous Car as One of the Possible Ways to Increase Transport Safety]. Innovatsionnye informatsionnye tekhnologii : materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Innovative Information Technologies : Materials of the International Science and Practice Conference]. Moscow, MIEM NIU VShE Publ., 2013, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 284—289. (In Russian)
  7. Statistical Database of the UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE). Available at: http://w3.unece.org/pxweb/. Date of Access: 25.11.2014.
  8. Improving Global Road Safety. General Assembly Sixty-fourth Session Agenda Item 46 Resolution Adopted by the General Assembly. 64/255. 2010, 6 p.
  9. Vishnevskiy A., Fattakhov T. DTP i smertnost’ v Rossii [Road Traffic Accidents and Death Rate in Russia]. Available at: http://demoscope.ru/weekly/2012/0527/tema03.php. Date of access: 15.03.2015. (In Russian)
  10. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 2004, vol. 82, no. 3, pp. 160—238. Available at: http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/82/3/en/. Date of access: 15.03.2015.
  11. Vsemirnyy doklad o preduprezhdenii dorozhno-transportnogo travmatizma [World Report on Prevention of Road Accidents]. 2004. Available at: http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/publications/road_traffic/world_report/ru/. Date of access: 20.05.2015. (In Russian)
  12. Svedeniya o pokazatelyakh sostoyaniya bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizheniya [Data on Safety State of Road Traffic]. Available at: http://www.gibdd.ru/stat/. Date of access: 12.03.2015. (In Russian)
  13. Shirokov L.A., Shirokova O.L. Modelirovanie okruzhayushchey sredy promyshlennykh zon dlya optimizatsii prirodookhrannykh investitsiy [Environmental Modeling of Industrial Zones for Environmental Investments Optimization]. Ekologiya urbanizirovannykh territoriy [Ecology of Urban Areas]. 2013, no. 2, pp. 16—22. (In Russian)
  14. Statistical database of the UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE). Available at: http://w3.unece.org/pxweb/. Date of access: 14.03.2015.
  15. Karlaftis M.G., Golias I. Effects of Road Geometry and Traffic Volumes on Rural Roadway Accident Rate. Accident Analysis and Prevention. 2002, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 357—365.
  16. Roy B. Multicriteria Methodology for Decision Aiding. Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1996, 423 p.
  17. Hinloopen E., Nijkamp P. Qualitative Discrete Multiple Criteria Choice Analysis: The Dominant Regime Method. Quality and Quantity. 1990, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 37—56. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00221383.
  18. Elvik R. A Framework for a Rational Analysis of Road Safety Problems. Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway, 2005, 102 p.
  19. Bryce J., Flintsch G., Hall R. A Multi Criteria Decision Analysis Technique for Including Environmental Impacts in Sustainable Infrastructure Management Business Practices. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. 2014, vol. 32, pp. 435—445. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2014.08.019.
  20. Koorosh Gharehbaghi, Maged Georgy. Utilization of Infrastructure Gateway System (IGS) as a Transportation Infrastructure Optimization Tool. International Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering. 2015, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 8—15. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5923/j.ijtte.20150401.02.

Download

Establishment of high-precision navigation system in the Republic of Armenia

Vestnik MGSU 4/2015
  • Manukyan Larisa Vladimirovna - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Engineering Geodesy, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA), 105 Teryana str., Erevan, 0009, Republic of Armenia; +3 (749) 147-19-71; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Markaryan Venera Artsrunovna - National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, chair, Department of Engineering Geodesy, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia (NUACA), 105 Teryana str., Erevan, 0009, Republic of Armenia; +3 (749) 164-40-45; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 134-142

Medium-Earth orbit satellite systems make it possible to provide services on time coordination and navigation support for a wide range of consumers. At present, there are global navigation satellite systems GLONASS (Russia) and GPS (USA). Users of these systems have an opportunity to determine their location accurately with the given characteristics of their navigation devices. In all developed countries the progress of geodesy and cartography is closely related to the implementation of advanced new technologies in both scientific and industrial areas. The introduction of new technologies and equipment in production is essential for the development of geodesy and cartography, bringing the existing geodetic networks and cartographic materials to modern condition. In the Republic of Armenia there are also plans on introduction of the systems for monitoring and management of vehicles for various purposes, as well as it is proposed to establish and implement an effective satellite navigation system to monitor and control traffic on the basis of advanced satellite technology. The article describes the basic steps to create the network of reference stations, GPS, aerial photography of much of the territory of Armenia, the creation of digital terrain model and the new maps by orthophotoplans. The analysis of the materials were carried out, on the basis of which in the Republic in 2015 a high-precision navigation system will be created. Due to the hard work of surveyors, cartographers and topographers the Republic was brought to European states level.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.4.134-142

References
  1. Aloyan G.A., Manukyan L.V. Osobennosti vnedreniya postoyanno deystvuyushchikh referents stantsiy na territorii RA [Implementation Features of Continuously Operating Reference Stations on the Territory of the Republic of Armenia]. Byulleten’ stroiteley Armenii [Bulletin of the Builders of Armenia]. 2011, no. 1—2, pp. 47—49. (In Russian)
  2. Beglaryan A.G., Vardanyan M.R., Petrosyan O.S. Osnovnye zadachi gosudarstvennoy geodezicheskoy seti i kartografirovaniya na territorii Respubliki Armeniya [Main Tasks of the State Geodetic Network and Mapping on the Territory of the Republic of Armenia]. Izvestiya armyanskoy sel’skokhozyaystvennoy akademii [Bulletin of the Armenian Agricultural Academy]. 2004, no. 1, pp. 49—53. (In Russian)
  3. Vardanyan M.R. Perekhod iz koordinatoy sistemy SK-42 vo vsemirnuyu sistemu koordinat WGS-84 na territorii Respubliki Armenii (RA) [Transition from the Coordinate System SK-42 to the WGS-84 World Coordinate System on the Territory of the Republic of Armenia (RA)]. Energoresursosberegayushchie tekhnologii : Nauka. Obrazovanie. Biznes. Proizvodstvo : materialy V Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (24—28 oktyabrya 2011 g.) [Energy-Saving Technologies: Science. Education. Business. Production : Materials of the 5th International Scientific and Practical Conference, October 24—28, 2011]. Astrakhan, AISI Publ., 2011, pp. 142—144. (In Russian)
  4. Vardanyan M.R., Manukyan L.V. Rekonstruktsiya gosudarstvennoy nivelirnoy seti RA s primeneniem novykh tsifrovykh tekhnologiy [Reconstruction of the State Leveling Network of RA Using New Digital Technologies]. Izvestiya Armyanskoy sel’skokhozyaystvennoy akademii [Bulletin of the Armenian Agricultural Academy]. 2004, no. 3/4, pp. 87—93. (In Russian)
  5. Vardanyan M., Petrosyan H. HH masshtabayin sharqi teghagrakan qartezneri t’armacowmy’ her’avor zondavorman & irakan jhamanakowm gorc’ogh GPS r’eferenc-kayanneri tvyalnerov [Renovation of Scale Series of Topographical Maps of RA According to ERS and GPS Data, Working in Real-Time Mode]. Teghekagir Hayastani shinararneri [Bulletin of the Builders of Armenia]. Er&an, 2009, no. 4—5 (140—141), pp. 56—61. (In Armenian)
  6. Manukyan L.V., Aloyan G.A. Analiz osnovnykh etapov vnedreniya na territorii RA navigatsionnoy sistemy [Analysis of the Main Stages of the Navigation System Implementation on the Territory of the Republic of Armenia]. Izvestiya Gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta Armenii [Bulletin of State Agrarian University of Armenia]. 2011, no. 1, pp. 132—135. (In Russian)
  7. Manukyan L.V. Predposylki vnedreniya navigatsionnoy sistemy v RA s primeneniem sputnikovykh tekhnologiy [Prerequisites of Navigation System Implementation in the Republic of Armenia with the Use of Satellite Technologies]. Izvestiya EGUAS [Proceedings of Erevan State University of Architecture and Construction]. 2010, vol. II (30), pp. 70—72. (In Russian)
  8. Petrosyan H. WGS-84 hamashxarhayin hamakargowm geodeziakan koordianatayin hamakargowm geodeziakan nor canci himnaketeri kar’owcman skzbownqnery’ [Construction Principles of Base Points of New Geodetic Network in World Geodetic Reference System WGS-84]. Er&ani twartarapetowt’yan & shinararowt’yan petakan hamalsarani gitakan ashxatowt’yownneri jhoghovac’ow, hator II (24) [Proceedings of Erevan State University of Architecture and Construction]. Erevan, 2005, vol. II (24), pp. 159—161. (In Armenian)
  9. Petrosyan H. Irakan jhamanakowm ashxatogh r’eferenc kayannerov canci tvyalneri o’gtagorc’man hnaravorowt’yownnery’ & ardyownavetowt’yowny’ [Possibilities and More Effective Use of the Existing Network of Base Stations Operating in Real Time]. Teghekagir Hayastani shinararneri [Armenian Builder’s bulletin]. Erevan, 2012, no. 9—10 (181—182), pp. 64—66. (In Armenian)
  10. Petrosyan H. WGS-84 hamakargowm steghc’vac’ Azgayin geodeziakan canci ardyownavetowt’yowny’ hanrapetowt’yan tntesowt’yan zargacman gorc’y’nt’acowm [Efficiency, Created in WGS 84 Coordinate System of the National Geodetic Network, in Economic Development of the Country]. ETwShPH-i gitakan ashxatowt’yownneri jhoghovac’ow [Proceedings of Erevan State University of Architecture and Construction]. Erevan, 2012, vol. lll (46), pp. 151—156. (In Armenian)
  11. Petrosyan H., Ar’aqelyan S., Margaryan V. Teghekowt’yownner HH tarac’qowm WGS-84 hamakargi & GPS y’ndownichneri kirar’man hnaravorowt’yownneri masin [Information on Coordinate System WGS-84 and the Possibility of Using GPS Receivers on the Territory of the Republic of Armenia]. ETwShPH-i gitakan ashxatowt’yownneri jhoghovac’ow [Proceedings of Erevan State University of Architecture and Construction]. Erevan, 2005, vol. III (25), pp.155—157. (In Armenian)
  12. Petrosyan H., Vardanyan M. Hayastani Hanrapetowt’yownowm WGS-84 hamakargowm steghc’vac’ geodeziakan nor canci masin & dra dern ow nshanakowt’yowny’ tntesowt’an tarber olortnerowm [On Creating a New Geodetic Network in RA WGS-84 Coordinate System and its Role in Various Areas of the State’s Economy]. ETwShPH gitakan ashxatowt’yownneri jhoghovac’ow [Proceedings of Erevan State University of Architecture and Construction]. Erevan, 2005, vol. II (24), pp.162—164. (In Armenian)
  13. Petrosyan O.S. O sluzhbe geodezii i kartografii v Respublike Armeniya [On the Service of Geodesy and Cartography in the Republic of Armenia]. Pervyy kongress geodezistov i kartografov : doklady (16—20 dekabrya 2002 g.) [The First Congress of Surveyors and Cartographers : Reports. December 16—20, 2002]. Moscow, Kartgeotsentr-Geodezizdat Publ., 2003, pp. 78—81. (In Russian)
  14. Petrosyan O.S., Markaryan V.A. Natsional’naya geodezicheskaya set’ Respubliki Armeniya [National Geodetic Network of the Republic of Armenia]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Geodeziya i aerofotos”emka. [Bulletin of Higher Education Institutions. Geodesy and Aerial Photography]. 2011, no. 6, pp. 27—32. (In Russian)
  15. Tekhnicheskiy otchet № 1 po soglasheniyu uslug aerofotos”emki, sozdaniya tsifrovoy modeli rel’efa i tsifrovykh ortofoto otdel’nykh uchastkov territorii Armenii № 13/02903-1 ot 30.01.2014 [Technical Report no. 1 on the Agreement of Air Photography Services, Creation of a Digital Elevation Models and Digital Orthophoto of Separate Areas of the Armenian Territory Armenii no. 13/02903-1 from 30.01.2014]. OOO «Aviatsionnyy raschetnyy tsentr» [LLC “Aviation Settlement Center”]. 18.06.2014, Ukraine, p. 62. (In Russian)
  16. Beutler G., Rothacher M., Schaer S., Springer T.A., Kouba J., Neilan R. The International GPS Service (IGS): an Interdisciplinary Service in Support of Earth Sciences. Adv Space Res. 1999, no. 23, pp. 631—635.
  17. Dow J., Gendt G., Moore A., Neilan R., Weber R. The International GPS Service — What’s Next? 10th Anniversary Assembly Charts Future Directions. Proceedings of ION GNSS 2004. Long Beach, CA, USA, 21—24 September, 2004, pp. 1741—1748.
  18. Dow J., Neilan R., Gendt G. The International GPS Service: Celebrating the 10th Anniversary and Looking to the Next Decade. Adv Space Res. 2005, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 320—326. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2005.05.125.
  19. Dow J., Neilan R., Weber R., Gendt G. Galileo and the IGS: Taking Advantage of Multiple GNSS Constellations. Adv. Space Res. 2007, vol. 39, no. 10, pp. 1545—1551. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2007.04.064.
  20. Slater J., Weber R., Fragner D. The IGS GLONASS Pilot Project — Transitioning an Experiment into an Operational GNSS Service. Proceedings of ION GNSS 2004. Long Beach, CA, USA, 21—24 September, 2004, pp. 1749—1757.

Download

Synergetic approachto simulation of physical wear of engineering technical systems

Vestnik MGSU 5/2015
  • Kirillov Andrey Mikhaylovich - Sochi State University (SSU) Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Service and Safety Organization on Transport, Sochi State University (SSU), 26a, Sovetskaya str., Krasnodar Krai, Sochi, 354000, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Zav’yalov Mikhail Aleksandrovich - Sochi State University (SSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, De- partment of Service and Safety Organization on Transport, Sochi State University (SSU), 26a, Sovetskaya str., Krasnodar Krai, Sochi, 354000, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 93-102

In course of time in structural elements of engineering technical systems defects and damages are accumulated, which is caused by loadings and environmental influence. The defects are any inconsistencies with normative documents, and damages are discontinuances of structure. The defects and damages lead to decrease of operational properties of structures (their bearing capacity, waterproofing, thermal resistance, etc. The occurrences of such character are called physical wear.In the article the authors show the possibility of phase trajectory use of the processes of physical wear, creep and cusp catastrophe for determinating the critical timepoint, corresponding to the beginning of the system damage catastrophic growth. The alternative approach to the description of the processes of physical wear and creep of pavement consisting in comparison of asphalt concrete creep curve and the curve of the mathematical model of cusp catastrophe, is received. The applied synergetic approach gives us the chance to improve the existing and create new methods of pavement resource forecasting and assessment of physical wear of any technical constructions.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.5.93-102

References
  1. Makarov P.V. Nagruzhaemyy material kak nelineynaya dinamicheskaya sistema. Problemy modelirovaniya [The Loaded Material as Nonlinear Dynamic System. Modeling Problems]. Fizicheskaya mezomekhanika [Physical Mesomechanics]. 2005, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 39—56. (In Russian)
  2. Haken H. Information and Self-Organization: A Macroscopic Approach to Complex Systems (Springer Series in Synergetics). Springer, Softcover reprint of hardcover 3rd ed., 2006, 258 p.
  3. Haken H. Advanced Synergetics. Instability Hierarchies of Self-Organizing Systems and Devices. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 1983, 356 p. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-45553-7.
  4. Prigogine I., Stengers I. Order out of Chaos. Man’s New Dialogue with Nature. Bantam New Age Books; First Edition edition, 1986, 349 p.
  5. Nicolis G., Prigogine I. Self-Organization in Nonequilibrium Systems. New York, Wiley, 1977, 504 p.
  6. Corning P.A. Synergy and Self-Organization in the Evolution of Complex Systems. Systems Research. 1995, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 89—121. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/sres.3850120204.
  7. Stratonovich R.L. Nelineynaya neravnovesnaya termodinamika [Nonlinear Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1985, 480 p. (In Russian)
  8. Olemskoy A.I., Koplyk I.V. Teoriya prostranstvenno-vremennoy evolyutsii neravnovesnoy termodinamicheskoy sistemy [Theory of Existential Evolution of Nonequilibrium Thermodynamic System]. Uspekhi fizicheskikh nauk [Physics-Uspekhi (Advances in Physical Sciences)]. 1995, vol. 165, no. 10, pp. 1105—1144. (In Russian)
  9. Zubarev D.N., Morozov V.G., Röpke G. Statistical Mechanics of Nonequilibrium Processes. Vol. 1: Basic Concepts, Kinetic Theory. Berlin, Akademie Verlag, 1996, 376 p.
  10. De Groot S.R., Mazur P. Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics. Courier Corporation, 2013, 510 p.
  11. Lebon G., Jou D., Casas-Vázquez J. Understanding Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics. Berlin, Springer, 2008, 196 p.
  12. Travin V.I. Kapremont i rekonstruktsiya zhilykh i obshchestvennykh zdaniy [Overhaul and Reconstruction of Residential and Public Buildings]. Rostov-on-Don, Feniks Publ., 2004, 251 p. (In Russian)
  13. Kuksenko V.S. Diagnostika i prognozirovanie razrusheniya krupnomasshtabnykh ob
  14. Kiryukhin G.N. Termofluktuatsionnaya i fraktal’naya model’ dolgovechnosti asfal’tobetona [Thermofluctuation and Fractal Model of Asphalt Concrete Durability]. Dorogi i mosty [Roads and Bridges]. 2014, vol. 1, no. 31, pp. 247—268. (In Russian)
  15. Uzan J. Viscoelastic-viscoplastic Model with Damage for Asphalt Concrete. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. 2005, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 528—534. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0899-1561(2005)17:5(528).
  16. Gibson N.H., Schwartz C.W., Schapery R.A., Witczak M.W. Viscoelastic, Viscoplastic, and Damage Modeling of Asphalt Concrete in Unconfined Compression. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board. 2003, vol. 1860, no. 1, pp. 3—15. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3141/1860-01.
  17. Radchenko V.P., Saushkin M.N. Polzuchest’ i relaksatsiya ostatochnykh napryazheniy v uprochnennykh konstruktsiyakh [Creep and Relaxation of Residual Tension in the Strengthened Designs]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie-1 Publ., 2005, 226 p. (In Russian)
  18. Dubrovin V.M., Butina T.A. Modelirovanie protsessa polzuchesti konstruktsionnykh materialov [Modeling of Creep Process of Constructional Materials]. Inzhenernyy zhurnal: nauka i innovatsii [Engineering Journal: Science and Innovation]. 2013, no. 9 (21). Available at: http://engjournal.ru/catalog/mathmodel/material/960.html. Date of access: 15.03.2015. (In Russian)
  19. Zav’yalov M.A., Zav’yalov A.M. Poststroitel’nyy period zhiznennogo tsikla dorozhnogo asfal’tobetonnogo pokrytiya: sinergeticheskie tendentsii svoystv materiala [Post-Construction Period of the Life Cycle of Road Asphalt Concrete Pavement: Synergetic Tendencies of Material Properties]. Stroitel’nye materialy [Construction Materials]. 2011, no. 10, pp. 34—35. (In Russian)
  20. Arnol’d V.I. «Zhestkie» i «myagkie» matematicheskie modeli [“Rigid” and “Soft” Mathematical Models]. Moscow, MTsNMO Publ., 2004, 32 p. (In Russian)

Download

Features of public transport availability organization for big cities (on the example of “New Moscow”)

Vestnik MGSU 6/2015
  • Privezentseva Svetlana Vyacheslavovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) assistant lecturer, Department of Building Design and Urban Development, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Tesler Kirill Igorevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Architecture, Associate Professor, Department of Building Design and Urban Development, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 115-123

In 2012 the boundaries of Moscow extended in the direction of Kaluga region. The change in territory boundaries resulted in increasing the area of the city, after that the total population increased. It is supposed, that the majority of the agglomerated population will use the care-giving institutions of the “New Moscow”, that’s why its territory requires the transport system adapted for all the population groups. Special attention should be paid to creation of the constant barrier-free transport system reconstructing the existing junctions and creating new ones answering the modern demands on availability for citizens with limited mobility.The article reviews the development of the transport system on the territory of “New Moscow” basing on the data of Federal State Statistics Service. The suggestions on the barrier-free environment development, multipurpose road junctions are given with account for the number of citizens with disabilities. Only in “New Moscow” there are about1,2 mln of them. The variety of means of transport requires new approaches to organization of transfers from one transport to another. The solution will be in hubs, which will be both available for common and disabled people.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.6.115-123

References
  1. O sovmestnykh predlozheniyakh Pravitel’stva Moskvy i Pravitel’stva Moskovskoy oblasti po izmeneniyu granits stolitsy Rossiyskoy Federatsii — goroda Moskvy [On the Contemporary Proposals of the Moscow Region Government on Changing the Boundaries of the Capital of the Russian Federation — Moscow city]. Ofitsial’nyy portal Mera i Pravitel’stva Moskvy. 11 iyulya 2011 goda [Official Portal of Moscow Major and Government. July 11, 2011]. Available at: http://www.mos.ru/press-center/press_releases/index.php?id_4=19417/. Date of access: 15.03.2015. (In Russian)
  2. O vnesenii izmeneniy v Zakon goroda Moskvy ot 5 iyulya 1995 goda № 13-47 «O territorial’nom delenii goroda Moskvy». Zakon g. Moskvy ot 09.09.1998 № 20 [On Amendments to the Legislation of Moscow from July 5, 1995 no. 13-47 “On Administrative Division of Moscow”. Law of the City of Moscow from 09.09.1998 no. 20]. BestPravo.ru. Informatsionnyy pravovoy portal [Bestpravo.ru. Informational Legislative Portal]. Available at: http://www.bestpravo.ru/moskva/eh-instrukcii/t8n.htm. Date of access: 15.03.2015. (In Russian)
  3. Moldavskiy S., Zabalueva T.R. Tipologiya transportno-peresadochnykh uzlov [Typology of Transport-Transfer Hubs]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 30—32. (In Russian)
  4. Obshchaya chislennost’ invalidov po gruppam invalidnosti (na 1 yanvarya goda) [Total Number of Disabled with Account for Disability Group (for the 1st of January)]. Federal’naya sluzhba gosudarstvennoy statistiki [Federal State Statistics Service]. Available at: http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/population/disabilities/#1.1/. Date of access: 15.03.2015. (In Russian)
  5. Tesler K.I. Razvitie adaptirovannykh dlya malomobil’nykh grupp naseleniya marshrutov obshchestvennogo transporta v istoricheskoy chasti g. Moskvy [Development of Public Transport Routes Adapted for Citizens with Limited Mobility in Historic Area of Moscow]. Internet-vestnik VolgGASU. Seriya: Politematicheskaya [Internet Proceedings of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Polythematic series]. 2014, no. 4 (35), article 23. Available at: http://vestnik.vgasu.ru/attachments/23TeslerK.pdf. Date of access: 15.03.2015. (In Russian)
  6. Semenova S.A., Shreyber A.A., Kompleksnaya otsenka gorodskoy sredy s uchetom potrebnostey malomobil’nykh grupp naseleniya i invalidov [Complex Evaluation of City Environment with Account for the Needs of Citizens with Limited Mobility and Disabled]. Arkhitektura i gradostroitel’stvo [Architecture and Urban Development]. 2011, no. 7, pp. 26—33. (In Russian)
  7. Tesler K.I., Korobeynikova A.A. Printsipy sozdaniya obshchedostupnoy sredy v bol’shikh gorodakh na primere g. Moskvy [Principles of Creating the Generally Accessible Environment in Big Cities on the Example of Moscow]. Sbornik dokladov konferentsii po itogam nauchno-issledovatel’skikh rabot studentov [Collection of Conference Reports on Scientific Research Works of Students]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2011/2012, pp. 71—74. (In Russian)
  8. Vlasov D.N., Danilina N.V. Sovremennoe sostoyanie i perspektivy razvitiya sistemy «perekhvatyvayushchikh» parkovok v Moskovskoy aglomeratsii [Present State and Development Prospects of the Intercepting Parking System in Moscow Agglomeration]. Gradostroitel’stvo [City and Town Planning]. 2014, no. 4 (32), pp. 36—39. (In Russian)
  9. Vlasov D.N. Struktura sistemy transportno-peresadochnykh uzlov aglomeratsii [The Structure of Transport-Transfer Hubs System of an Agglomeration]. Gradostroitel’stvo [City and Town Planning]. 2013, no. 2 (24), pp. 84—88. (In Russian)
  10. Danilina N.V. Osobennosti formirovaniya sistemy perekhvatyvayushchikh parkovok v aglomeratsiyakh [Features of Intercepting Parking System Formation in Agglomerations]. Internet-vestnik VolgGASU [Internet Proceedings of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 2. Available at: http://vestnik.vgasu.ru/?source=4&articleno=1643/. Date of access: 15.03.2015. (In Russian)
  11. Alekseev Yu.V., Trofimova T.E. Kompleksnoe razvitie pyatietazhnoy zastroyki 1950-60-kh godov. Organizatsionno-metodicheskie aspekty [Complex Development of 5-Storeyed Buildings of the 1950-60s. Organizational and Methodological Aspects]. Arkhitektura, stroitel’stvo, dizayn [Architecture, Construction, Design]. 2005, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 7—9. (In Russian)
  12. Rodionovskaya I.S., Zhelnakova L.V. Znachimost’ ozeleneniya zhiloy sredy dlya sotsial’no opekaemykh lyudey [Importance of Living Environment Planting for Socially Cared People]. Zhilishchnoe stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2014, no. 4, p. 44. (In Russian)
  13. Balakina A.E., Nanasova S.M., Sarvut T.O. Dostizheniya budushchikh inzhenerov-arkhitektorov [Achievements of the Future Engineers-Architects]. Stroitel’nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XX veka [Construction Materials, Equipment, Technologies of the 20th Century]. 2007, no. 7, pp. 88—89. (In Russian)
  14. O poryadke vydachi meditsinskogo zaklyucheniya na detey-invalidov v vozraste do 16 let. Prikaz Minzdrava RF № 117-1 ot 4 iyulya 1991 goda [On Medical Assessment Procedure for Disabled Children under 16. Order of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation no. 117-1 from July 4, 1991]. BestPravo.ru. Informatsionnyy pravovoy portal [Bestpravo.ru. Informational Legislative Portal]. Available at: http://www.bestpravo.ru/federalnoje/gn-dokumenty/l5k.htm. Date of access: 15.03.2015. (In Russian)
  15. Rotenberg V.S., Arshavskiy V.V. Poiskovaya aktivnost’ i adaptatsiya [Search Activity and Adaptation]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1984, 184 p. (In Russian)
  16. Brokgauz, F.A. Efron I.A., publishers. Arsen’ev K.K., Pertushevskiy F.F., editors. Entsiklopedicheskiy slovar’ : v 86 tomakh [Encyclopedic Dictionary : in 86 volumes]. Saint Petersburg, Tipografiya aktsionernogo obshchestva Brokgauz-Efron Publ., 1894, vol. 11A (22), Evreinovy — Zhilon, pp. 772—832. (In Russian)
  17. Saltykov I.P. Sozdanie komfortnoy sredy obitaniya v pomeshcheniyakh zhilykh zdaniy s uchetom arkhitekturnykh, inzhenernykh i ekologicheskikh aspektov [Creation of a Comfortable Environment in Premises of Residential Buildings with Account for Architectural, Engineering and Ecological Aspects]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 8, pp. 189—196. (In Russian)
  18. Shcherbina E.V., Vlasov D.N. Razvitie sistemy transportno-peresadochnykh uzlov Rossiyskoy Federatsii [Development of the Transport-Transfer System of the Russian Federation]. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo Rossii [Architecture and Construction in Russia]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 2—7. (In Russian)
  19. Loeschcke G., Marx L., Pourat D. Barrierefreies Bauen. Band 1. Berlin, Wien, Zurich, BeuthV erlag GmbH, 2011, 296 p.
  20. Stepanov V.K., Starikov A.S. Predposylki formirovaniya arkhitekturnoy sredy dlya sportsmenov invalidov [Prerequisites of Architectural Environment Formation for Sportsmen and Disabled]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2009, no. 4, pp. 214—218. (In Russian)

Download

Active safety vehicles and reducing road accidents

Vestnik MGSU 10/2014
  • Yushkov Vladimir Sergeevich - Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) Senior Lecturer, Department of Automobiles and Technological Machines, postgraduate student, Department of Automobile Roads and Bridges, Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU), 29 a Komsomol’skiy prospekt, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation; +7 (342) 239-16-54; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Yushkov Boris Semenovich - State National Research Polytechnical University of Perm (PSTU SNRPUP) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Chair, Department of Motorways and Bridges, State National Research Polytechnical University of Perm (PSTU SNRPUP), 29 a Komsomol’skiy prospekt, 614990, Perm, Russian Federation; +7 (342) 239-15-73; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Burgonutdinov Al’bert Masugutovich - State National Research Polytechnical University of Perm (PSTU SNRPUP) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Motorways and Bridges, State National Research Polytechnical University of Perm (PSTU SNRPUP), 29 a Komsomol’skiy prospekt, 614990, Perm, Russian Federation; +7 (342) 239-13-71; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 168-176

Road transport compared with rail, air and water transport is currently the most dangerous mode of transport. In recent years, more attention has been given to the issues of comfort and active safety of vehicles. Safety of the vehicle is a complex problem, the solution of which is primarily concerned with improvements aimed at enhancing active safety system driver - vehicle - road. One of the main vehicle performances significantly impacting road safety and the environment, is a high-speed mode. Active safety car driver includes the ability to assess the situation on the road and choose the safest mode of movement, as well as the possibility of the vehicle to implement the desired safe driving mode. Analyzing the causes of road traffic accidents submitted on the official websites of traffic police of the Perm region and Russia, it can be concluded that often carelessness and negligence of the driver is not the reason of an accident, but his inert perception, resulting in delayed response to rapidly changing traffic conditions. An average driver does not have the ability to instantly perceive suddenly appearing obstacles and quickly take measures to ensure the car’s handling and implementation of safe motion path. For this purpose we developed a modern technical means installed on a highway in the form of «vibrolane», with a driver fatigue monitoring system, which is aimed at preventing the driver wearied while driving behind the wheel from a possible departure to the oncoming lane or exit to the side of the road at driving on the hump. Thus, the proposed security system will reduce the number of accidents.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2014.10.168-176

References
  1. Morris J.R. Improving Road Safety in Developing Countries : Workshop summary. Transportation Research Board, Special report 287, Washington, D.C., 2006, 96 p.
  2. Kotik M.A., Emel’yanov A.M. Priroda oshibok cheloveka-operatora (na primerakh upravleniya transportnymi sredstvami) [Nature of the Errors of a Human-operator (by the Examples of Driving a Vehicle)]. Moscow, Transport Publ., 1993, 252 p. (in Russian)
  3. Kychkin V.I., Yushkov V.S. Rezonansnye kolebaniya pri dvizhenii avtotransportnogo sredstva po vibropolose [Resonant Vibrations when Driving a Motor Vehicle on Vibrolane]. Molodoy uchenyy [Young Scientist]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 65—68. (in Russian)
  4. Nemchinov M.V. Eshche raz o kachestve [Once Again on the Quality]. Avtomobil’nye dorogi [Motorways]. 2013, no. 2, pp. 74—77. (in Russian)
  5. Nikitas D.A. Sostoyanie bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizheniya v Rossiyskoy Federatsii: Problemy, profilaktika [Road Safety in the Russian Federation: Problems, Prevention]. Rossiyskiy sledovatel’ [Russian Investigator]. 2005, no. 9, pp. 51—54. (in Russian)
  6. Nikul’nikov E.N., Lyyurov M.V. Aktivnaya i passivnaya bezopasnost’ [Active and Passive Safety]. Avtomobil’naya promyshlennost’ [Automobile Industry]. 2004, no. 7, pp. 33—36. (in Russian)
  7. Rotenberg R.V. Osnovy nadezhnosti sistemy voditel’ — avtomobil’ — doroga — sreda [Reliability Fundamentals of the System Driver — Vehicle — Road — Environment]. Moscow, Mashinostoenie Publ., 1986, 216 p. (in Russian)
  8. Ryabchinskiy A.I., Kisulenko B.V., Morozova T.E. Reglamentatsiya aktivnoy i passivnoy bezopasnosti avtotransportnykh sredstv [Regulation of Active and Passive Safety of Vehicles]. Moscow, Academia Publ., 2006, 432 p. (in Russian)
  9. Fortunkov D.F. Kharakteristiki uprugosti shin i ikh vliyanie na stabilizatsiyu i samovozbuzhdenie upravlyaemykh koles avtomobilya [Elasticity Characteristics of Tires and their Effect on the Stabilization and Self-excitation of Steered Wheels of a Vehicle]. Avtomobil’naya promyshlennost’ [Automobile Industry]. 1984, no. 6, pp. 26—27. (in Russian)
  10. Khodes I.V., Bondarenko M.V. Komp’yuternaya podderzhka aktivnoy bezopasnosti avtomobilya [Computer Support of Active Safety of a Car]. Avtomobil’naya promyshlennost’ [Automobile Industry]. 2008, no. 7, pp. 20—23.
  11. Yushkov V.S. Vibropolosa — innovatsionnoe tekhnicheskoe sredstvo obespecheniya bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizheniya na avtomobil’nykh dorogakh RF [Vibrolane — an Innovative Technical Means of Ensuring Road Safety on the Roads of Russia]. Molodoy uchenyy [Young Scientist]. 2014, no. 3, pp. 367—369.
  12. Yushkov V.S., Kychkin V.I., Barmin N.D. Vibropolosa — funktsional’naya osobennost’ dorogi [Vibrolane — Functional Feature of a Road]. Tekhnicheskie nauki —ot teorii k praktike [Engineering Sciences — from Theory to Practice]. 2014, no. 2, pp. 109—113. (in Russian)
  13. Yushkov V.S., Yushkov B.S. Frezernoe oborudovanie dlya sozdaniya vibropolosy na avtomobil’noy doroge [Milling Equipment for Vibrolane Creation on the Road]. Stroitel’nye i dorozhnye mashiny [Building and Road Machines]. 2014, no. 7, pp. 29—31.
  14. Bendersky B.I., Matveev D.V., Zykov S.N. Numerical Simulation of Three Dimensional Air Flow of the Heating System and Ventilating System of a Passenger Car. International Conference on the Methods of Aerophysical Research. Novosibirsk, 2004, pp. 42—45.
  15. Brucker N., Schwab M. Untersuchungsmethodik von Schwingungen an Kraftfahrzeugtechnik. 1985, no. 5, pp. 136—138.
  16. Clarke D.W., Mohtadi C., Tuffs P.S. Generalized Predictive Control. Automatica. 1987, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 137—148. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0005-1098(87)90087-2.
  17. Katebi M.R., Byrne J., Marshall R. LQG Adaptive Autopilot Design. IEE Colloquium on Control in the Marine Industry. London, 1988, pp. 51—54.
  18. Sampson D.J.M. Active Roll Control of Articulated Heavy Vehicles: A dissertation submitted to the University of Cambridge for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy. Churchill College, Cambridge University Engineering Department, Sep. 2000, 298 p.
  19. Velasco F.J., Rueda T.M., Lopez E., Moyano E. Marine Course-Changing Manoeuvre: a Comparative Study of Control Algorithms. Proceedings of the 2002 International Conference on Control Applications. 2002, vol. 2, pp. 1064—1069.
  20. Zang C.D., Zhao G.L., Wei H.L. Neural Network Control with Fuzzy Predictor for Ship Autopilots. Intelligent Control and Automation, Proceedings of the 4th World Congress. 2002, vol. 4, pp. 3141—3144.

Download

Performance criteria of the layout of the filling area of a petrol station

Vestnik MGSU 12/2015
  • Levin Ruslan Yur’evich - Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (UVGPU) postgraduate student, engineer, Department of Automobiles and Automobile Economy, Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (UVGPU), 20, 8 Marta str., Ivanovo, 153037, Russian Federation.
  • Maslennikov Valeriy Aleksandrovich - Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (IVGPU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, chair, Department of Vehicles and Vehicle Fleet, Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (IVGPU), 20, 8 Marta str., Ivanovo, 153037, Russian Federation.

Pages 128-135

The increasing traffic on the roads requires relevant technological planning, construction, reconstruction and re-equipment of the expanding network of filling stations. The basis for developing of these guidelines lies in the evolution of urban planning concepts and methods to determine the effective parameters of gas stations. This article describes various layout solutions of the fueling area of a station taking into account the main technical characteristics and regulatory requirements for the design, construction and operation of the station. Typical projects of one power station may be of various sizes, taking away residential areas under the land station changes depending on the layout and features host of technological equipment. Excessive area occupied by the service area leads to additional costs for construction, taxes, etc. For an overall evaluation of the effectiveness of the station operation, the paper proposed an integrated criterion of efficiency of layout solutions, considering both technical and economic indicators of the object functioning. In order to justify the effective layout fueling positions at the station the authors used a comparative analysis of the fueling areas and gas throughput for different number of zones and the method of placing fuel dispensers. According to the results of calculations the linear relationship was obtained between the number of columns and the size of the filling area of the station. As a critical metric in evaluating the effectiveness of various variants of layout solutions of a petrol station an assessment of its bandwidth we made. According to the results of calculations a single-row method of speaker placement on the station is more efficient than double-row or three-row ones.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.12.128-135

References
  1. Khodyukov F.B. Upravlenie razvitiem roznichnykh setey avtomobil’nykh zapravochnykh stantsiy kak napravlenie sovremennoy strategii rossiyskikh vertikal’no-integrirovannykh neftyanykh kompaniy [Managing the Development of Retailers of Automotive Fuel Stations as the Direction of the Modern Strategies of Russian Vertically Integrated Oil Companies]. Modernizatsiya podgotovki upravlencheskikh kadrov Rossii v kontekste mirovoy sistemy obrazovaniya : sbornik materialov Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Modernization of Management Training in the Context of the Global Russian Education System]. Krasnoyarsk, Sibirskiy federal’nyy universitet Publ., 2012. Available at: http://elib.krasu.ru/handle/2311/13105. (In Russian)
  2. Rezchikov A.F., Tverdokhlebov V.A. Prichinno-sledstvennye kompleksy vzaimodeystviy v proizvodstvennykh protsessakh [Causal Complexes of Interactions in Production Processes]. Problemy upravleniya [Management Problems]. 2010, no. 3, pp. 51—59. (In Russian)
  3. Boytsov M.S., Boyko S.V., Karavaykov V.M. Informatsionnaya podderzhka prinyatiya resheniya pri upravlenii energoeffektivnost’yu predpriyatiya [Information Support of Decision-Making in the Management of Enterprise Energy Efficiency]. Vestnik Kostromskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. N.A. Nekrasova [Herald of the Kostroma State University named after N.A. Nekrasov]. 2011, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 227—230. (In Russian)
  4. Bezrodnyy A.A. Metodologiya sovershenstvovaniya sistem nefteproduktoobespecheniya [Methodology of Improving Oil Product Supply Systems]. Mekhatronika, avtomatizatsiya, upravlenie (MAU—2010) : materialy 7-y nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [Mechatronics, Automation, Control (MAU—2010) : Materials of the 7th Scientific and Technological Conference]. Saint Petersburg, OAO «Kontsern «TsNII «Elektropribor» Publ., 2010, pp. 70—73. (In Russian)
  5. Myakinin A.S., Kositsina E.S., Ganzha O.A. Avtozapravochnye stantsii, raspolozhennye na gorodskikh territoriyakh, kak ob”ekt ekologicheskoy opasnosti [Petrol Stations Located in Urban Areas as an Object of Environmental Hazard]. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta. Seriya: Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [Bulletin of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Series: Construction and Architecture]. 2010, no. 18, pp. 149—152. (In Russian)
  6. Vlasov A.D. Otsenka rynochnoy stoimosti zemel’nykh uchastkov AZS i pridorozhnogo servisa [Assessment of the Market Value of the Land Plots for Fuel Stations and Roadside Service]. Interekspo Geo-Sibir’ [Interexpo Geo-Siberia]. 2015, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 75—80. (In Russian)
  7. Buyanov A.Yu. O vliyanii ploshchadi zemel’nogo uchastka na ego udel’nuyu rynochnuyu stoimost’ [On the Influence of Land Area on Its Specific Market Value]. Vestnik Federal’nogo gosudarstvennogo obrazovatel’nogo uchrezhdeniya vysshego professional’nogo obrazovaniya Moskovskiy gosudarstvennyy agroinzhenernyy universitet im. V.P. Goryachkina [Bulletin of Federal State Professional Education Institution “Moscow State Agroengineering University named after V.P. Goryachkin]. 2010, no. 5. (44), pp. 73—75. (In Russian)
  8. Leonov S.A. Matematicheskaya otsenka faktorov, okazyvayushchikh vliyanie na proizvodstvenno-sbytovuyu deyatel’nost’ shveynykh predpriyatiy [Mathematical Evaluation of the Factors Affecting the Production and Sales Activities of Clothing Companies]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Tekhnologiya tekstil’noy promyshlennosti [News of the Institutions of Higher Education. Technology of Textile Industry]. 2013, no. 5 (347), pp. 5—10. (In Russian)
  9. Levin R.Yu., Maslennikov V.A., Markelov A.V., Smetanin A.V. O kriterii kachestva planirovochnykh resheniy ob”ektov tekhnicheskogo servisa avtomobiley [On the Quality Criteria of Planning Decisions for the Objects of Car Technical Service]. MinorUrsa : sbornik nauchnykh rabot [MinorUrsa : Collection of Scientific Papers]. Moscow, Rusprint Publ., 2014, pp. 16—20. (In Russian)
  10. Levin R.Yu., Maslennikov V.A., Usipbaev U.A. Effektivnost’ planirovochnykh resheniy avtozapravochnoy stantsii [Effectiveness of Planning Solutions for Petrol Stations]. Informatsionnaya sreda vuza : materialy XXI Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [Information Environment of the University : Materials of the 21st International Science and Technology Conference]. Ivanovo, IVGPU Publ., 2014, pp. 335—336. (In Russian)
  11. Usufov M.M.O. Perspektivy razvitiya avtoservisa [Development Prospects of Car Service]. Tekhniko-tekhnologicheskie problemy servisa [Technical and Technological Problems of Service]. 2012, vol. 1, no. 19, pp. 72—77. (In Russian)
  12. Vlasenko V.V. Prognozirovanie trudozatrat na tekhnicheskoe obsluzhivanie i remont avtotransportnykh sredstv [Forecasting Labor Costs for Maintenance and Repair of Motor Vehicles]. Avtomobil’nyy transport [Automobile Transport]. 2012, no. 30, pp. 45—49. (In Russian)
  13. Mel’nik V.Yu., Kizim A.V., Kamaev V.A. Podderzhka prinyatiya resheniya pri formirovanii ocheredey rabot s pomoshch’yu sredstv avtomatizatsii planirovaniya tekhnicheskogo obsluzhivaniya i remonta oborudovaniya [Decision Support During the Formation Stages of Work with the Help of Automation of Planning the Maintenance and Repair of the Equipment]. Izvestiya Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta [News of Volgograd State Technical University]. 2011, no. 12, vol. 11, pp. 107—110. (In Russian)
  14. Solov’ev A.E. Metod podderzhki prinyatiya resheniy pri sozdanii seti AZS [Method of Decision Support in the Creation of a Network of Filling Stations]. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten’ [Mining Informational and Analytical Bulletin]. 2002, vol. 6. Available at: http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/metod-podderzhki-prinyatiya-resheniy-pri-sozdanii-seti-azs. (In Russian)
  15. Yaskevich A.E. Analiz faktorov vliyaniya na stoimost’ avtomobil’noy zapravochnoy stantsii [Analysis of the Factors Influencing the Cost of Petrol Station]. Imushchestvennye otnosheniya v Rossiyskoy Federatsii [Property Relations in the Russian Federation]. 2010, no. 2 , pp. 55—71. (In Russian)
  16. Levin R.Yu., Maslennikov V.A. Obosnovanie optimal’nogo sposoba razmeshcheniya toplivorazdatochnykh kolonok na avtozapravochnykh stantsiyakh [Substantiation of the Optimum Way of Placing Fuel Dispensers at Gas Stations]. Molodye uchenye — razvitiyu tekstil’no-promyshlennogo klastera (Poisk — 2014) : materialy mezhvuzovskoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii s Mezhdunarodnym Uchastiem [Young scientists for the development of textile industrial cluster (Search — 2014) : Materials of the Interuniversity Science and Technical Conference with International Participation]. Ivanovo, IVGPU Publ., 2014, pp. 211—214. (In Russian)
  17. Zhdakaev I. Ulovki dlya zapravki [Tricks for a Petrol Station]. Kommersant” Den’gi [Kommersant Daily. Money]. 02.04.2012. No. 13 (870). Available at: http://www.kommersant.ru/doc/1905798?stamp=6347218. Date of access: 12.04.2013. (In Russian)
  18. Kochetkov A.V., Ermolaeva V.V., Ermolaev B.V., Myrzakhmetov B.A. Novye instrumental’nye sredstva izyskaniya i proektirovaniya ob”ektov transportnogo stroitel’stva [New Research Tools and Design of Transportation Objects Construction]. Vestnik Saratovskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta [Bulletin of Saratov State Technical University]. 2010, no. 1 (44), pp. 189—194. (In Russian)
  19. Mayakov A. Zapravlyaysya udobno! [Refuel Conveniently!]. Sovremennaya AZS : elektronnyy zhurnal [Modern Patrol Station. Electronic Journal]. 2012, no. 10 (127). Available at: http://www.sovazs.com/showarticle.phtml?id=1880. Date of access: 10.10.2015. (In Russian)
  20. Zhumasheva B.K. Sovershenstvovanie rezhimov tekhnicheskogo obsluzhivaniya avtomobiley [Improvement of Technical Service of Cars]. Sovremennye problemy transportnogo kompleksa Rossii [Modern Problems of the Transport Complex of Russia]. 2013, no. 4, pp. 167—173. (In Russian)
  21. Inshakov S.A., Inshakov N.A. Otsenka ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti deyatel’nosti AZS [Assessment of Ecological Safety of Gas Stations Activity]. Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Seriya: Estestvennye i tekhnicheskie nauki [Tambov University Reports. Series: Natural and Technical Sciences]. 2014, no. 5, vol. 19, pp. 1420—1421. (In Russian)
  22. Koroleva E.B., Zhigiley O.N., Kryazhev A.M., Sergienko O.I., Sokornova T.V. Nailuchshie dostupnye tekhnologii: opyt i perspektivy [The Best Available Techniques: Experience and Prospects]. Saint Petersburg, 2011, 123 p. (In Russian)
  23. Usanovich S.A., Lumiste E.G. Teoreticheskiy analiz vozdeystviya opasnykh faktorov pozhara na personal i tekhnologicheskoe oborudovanie avtozapravochnykh stantsiy [Theoretical Analysis of the Impact of Dangerous Factors of Fire on Personnel and Technological Equipment of Petrol Stations]. Vestnik Federal’nogo gosudarstvennogo obrazovatel’nogo uchrezhdeniya vysshego professional’nogo obrazovaniya Moskovskiy gosudarstvennyy agroinzhenernyy universitet im. V.P. Goryachkina [Bulletin of Federal State Professional Education Institution Moscow State Agroengineering University named after V. P. Goryachkin]. 2011, no. 2 (47), pp. 64—68. (In Russian)

Download

Rationale for the necessity of technical inspection lines for motor vehicles in residential areas

Vestnik MGSU 1/2016
  • Kanen Mahmoud Hador Fadlallah - Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (IVGPU) postgraduate student, Department of Vehicles and Vehicle Fleet, Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (IVGPU), 20, 8 Marta str., Ivanovo, 153037, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Maslennikov Valeriy Aleksandrovich - Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (IVGPU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Vehicles and Vehicle Fleet, Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (IVGPU), 20, 8 Marta str., Ivanovo, 153037, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 161-169

Due to the influence of many different factors, the arrival of vehicles to technical inspection lines is stochastic. The existing methods of designing the network of technical inspection do not take full account of this fact, the consequence of which is the lack of inspection lines load at some periods of the year and its excess in the other. In the first case, we evidence the deteriorating of economic performance of these facilities, in the second - the quality of evaluating the technical condition of vehicles suffers. The authors proposed a method of justifying the minimum requirements of residential areas in the lines of technical examination, taking into account the probabilistic nature of vehicles inspection revenue. The use of the proposed method was shown on the example of a large village. Using the mathematical apparatus for calculation of queuing theory allows not only identifying the areas in need of inspection lines, but also, if necessary, providing technical and economic evaluation of the results obtained by calculations.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.1.161-169

References
  1. Kir’yanov V.N. Strategiya obespecheniya bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizheniya v Rossiyskoy Federatsii [The Strategy for Ensuring Road Safety in the Russian Federation]. Moscow, DOBDD Publ., 2005, no. 28, pp. 5—15. (In Russian)
  2. Verzilin V.A., Bychkov V.P., Zalozhnykh V.M. Primenenie programmno-tselevogo metoda kak osnovy gosudarstvennogo upravleniya v oblasti obespecheniya bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizheniya [Application of Special-Purpose Method as a Basis for Government Control in the Field of Road Safety]. Avtotransportnoe predpriyatie [Motor Transport Enterprise]. 2013, no. 8, pp. 6—8. (In Russian)
  3. Kulikov Yu.I., Pugachev I.N. Gosudarstvennyy tekhnicheskiy osmotr — zalog bezotkaznoy raboty avtomobil’nogo transporta [State Technical Inspection — a Guarantee of Flawless Operation of Road Transport]. Avtotransportnoe predpriyatie [Motor Transport Enterprise]. 2014, no. 8, pp. 8—13. (In Russian)
  4. Encyclopedia of Automotive Engineering. Wiley Online Library. Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/book/10.1002/9781118354179. Date of access: 01.09.2015.
  5. Service Station. GNU Free Documentation License. Available at: http://knowledgerush.com/encyclopedia/Service_station. Date of access: 07.08.2015.
  6. MathWorks. Available at: www.mathworks.com. Date of access: 01.10.2013.
  7. Robert Bosch GmbH. EU CO2 Fleet Target for Passenger Cars. 2009.
  8. Postanovlenie Pravitel’stva Rossiyskoy Federatsii ot 22 dekabrya 2011 g. № 1108 Moskva: «Ob utverzhdenii metodiki rascheta normativov minimal’noy obespechennosti naseleniya punktami tekhnicheskogo osmotra dlya sub”ektov Rossiyskoy Federatsii i vkhodyashchikh v ikh sostav munitsipal’nykh obrazovaniy» [Decree of the Government of Russian Federation from December 22, 2011 no. 1108, Moscow: On approval of the methodology for calculating minimum standards of availability of technical inspection for the subjects of the Russian Federation and their member municipalities]. «Rossiyskaya gazeta» [Russian Newspaper]. Federal issue no. 5673, December 31, 2011. (In Russian)
  9. Federal’nyy zakon Rossiyskoy Federatsii ot 1 iyulya 2011 goda № 170-FZ g. Moskvy «O tekhnicheskom osmotre transportnykh sredstv i o vnesenii izmeneniy v otdel’nye zakonodatel’nye akty Rossiyskoy Federatsii [Federal Law of the Russian Federation from July, 1, 2011 no. 170-FZ, Moscow “On Technical Inspection of Vehicles and on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation]. «Rossiyskaya gazeta» [Russian Newspaper]. Federal issue no. 5518 from July, 4, 2011. (In Russian)
  10. Pavlishin S.G. Raschet normativov obespechennosti naseleniya punktami tekhnicheskogo osmotra AMTS [Calculating the Availability Standards of Technical Inspection Stations AMTS]. Avtotransportnoe predpriyatie [Motor Transport Enterprise]. 2012, no. 6, pp. 27—32. (In Russian)
  11. Pavlishin S.G. Opredelenie propusknoy sposobnosti punktov tekhnicheskogo osmotra AMTS [Capacity Determination of Technical Inspection Stations AMTS]. Avtomobil’naya promyshlennost’ [Automobile Industry]. 2009, no. 7, pp. 26—28. (In Russian)
  12. Masuev M.A. Proektirovanie predpriyatiy avtomobil’nogo transporta: uchebnoe posobie dlya studentov vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy [Designing of the Enterprises of Motor Transport]. Moscow, Akademiya Publ., 2007, 224 p. (In Russian)
  13. Venttsel’ E.S. Issledovanie operatsiy: zadachi, printsipy, metodologiya: uchebnoe Posobie [Operations Research: Objectives, Principles, Methodology. Textbook]. 3rd edition, stereotype. Moscow, Drofa Publ., 2004, 208 p. (In Russian)
  14. Kanen M.G.F., Maslennikov V.A., Usipbaev U.A. Obosnovanie potrebnosti v liniyakh tekhnicheskogo osmotra [Rationale for Technical Inspection Lines]. Informatsionnaya sreda VUZA : materialy XXI Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [University Infomedia. 21st International Scientific and Technical Conference]. Ivanovo, IVGPU Publ., 2014, pp. 338—340. (In Russian)
  15. Kanen M.G.F., Maslennikov V.A. Povyshenie effektivnosti protsessa diagnostirovaniya avtomobiley [Improving the Efficiency of Diagnosing Process of Automobiles]. Informatsionnaya sreda VUZA : materialy XIX Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [University Infomedia. 18st International Scientific and Technical Conference]. Ivanovo, IVGPU Publ., 2012. S. 352—354. (In Russian)
  16. Gnedenko B.V., Kovalenko I.N. Vvedenie v teoriyu massovogo obsluzhivaniya [Introduction to Queuing Theory]. Moscow, Kom kniga Publ., 2005, 397 p. (In Russian)
  17. Kanen M.G.F., Maslennikov V.A., Usipbaev U.A., Tulenov A.T., Dzhunisbekov A.S. Opredelenie normativov potrebnosti v punktakh tekhnicheskogo osmotra transportnykh sredstv [Defining the Standards for the Necessity in Technical Inspection Stations of Vehicles]. Auezovskie chteniya-12 : trudy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Conference “Auezov Readings-12”]. Shymkent, YuKGU im. Auezova, 2014, vol. 1. Rol’ regional’nogo universiteta v razvitii innovatsionnykh napravleniy nauki, obrazovaniya i kul’tury [The Role of Regional University in the Development of Innovative Areas of Science, Education and Culture]. Pp. 213—215. (In Russian)
  18. Korchagin V.A., Khabibullin R.G., Makarova I.V. Perspektivnye napravleniya razvitiya sistemy firmennogo servisa avtomobil’noy tekhniki [Perspective Development Directions of Firm Service System of Automotive Equipment]. Fundamental’nye issledovaniya [Fundamental Studies]. 2013, no. 4, pp. 806—811. (In Russian)
  19. Kornakov A.M., Tsvetkov V.Ya. Podderzhka prinyatiya resheniy pri upravlenii promyshlennym predpriyatiem [Support of Decision-Making in the Management of Industrial Enterprise]. Sovremennye naukoemkie tekhnologii [Modern High Technologies]. 2010, no. 1, pp. 94—95. (In Russian)
  20. Koroleva E.B., Zhigiley O.N., Kryazhev A.M., Sergienko O.I., Sokornova T.V. Nailuchshie dostupnye tekhnologii: opyt i perspektivy [Best Available Techniques: Experience and Prospects]. Saint Petersburg, OOO «Ay-Pi» Publ., 2011, 123 p. (In Russian)
  21. Kochetkov A.V., Ermolaeva V.V., Ermolaev B.V., Myrzakhmetov B.A. Novye instrumental’nye sredstva izyskaniya i proektirovaniya ob”ektov transportnogo stroitel’stva [New Tools Methods of Research and Design of Transportation Construction]. Vestnik Saratovskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta [Bulletin of Saratov State Technical University]. 2010, no. 1 (44), pp. 189—194. (In Russian)
  22. Rezchikov A.F., Tverdokhlebov V.A. Prichinno-sledstvennye kompleksy vzaimodeystviy v proizvodstvennykh protsessakh [Causal Complexes of Interactions in Production Processes]. Problemy upravleniya [Management Problems]. 2010, no. 3, pp. 51—59. (In Russian)
  23. Leonov S.A. Matematicheskaya otsenka faktorov, okazyvayushchikh vliyanie na proizvodstvenno-sbytovuyu deyatel’nost’ shveynykh predpriyatiy [Mathematical Evaluation of the Factors Affecting the Production and Sales Activities of Clothing Companies]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Tekhnologiya tekstil’noy promyshlennosti [News of the Institutions of Higher Education. Technology of Textile Industry]. 2013, no. 5 (347), pp. 5—10. (In Russian)
  24. Usufov M.M.O. Perspektivy razvitiya avtoservisa [Development Prospects of Automobile Service]. Tekhniko-tekhnologicheskie problemy servisa [Technical and Technological Problems of Service]. 2012, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 72—77. (In Russian)
  25. Curtin K.M., McCall K.H., Qiu F. Determining Optimal Police Patrol Areas with Maximal Covering and Backup Covering Location Models. Netw. Spatial Econ. 2010, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 125—145. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11067-007-9035-6.
  26. Rodgard Runflats. Rodgard Runflat & Polymer Solutions. Available at: http://www.rodgard.com/runflats.htm. Date of access: 07.07.2014.
  27. A European Strategy for Clean and Energy Efficient Vehicles State of Play 2011 — Commission Staff working paper. SEC (2011) 1617 Final. Brussels, 14.12.2011, pp. 1—17.

Download

STUDY OF ELECTROSTATIC DISPERSION

Vestnik MGSU 5/2016
  • Mukanov Ruslan Vladimirovich - Astrakhan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (AGASU) senior lecturer, Department of Engineering Systems and Ecology, Astrakhan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (AGASU), 18 Tatishcheva street, Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Svintsov Vladimir Yakovlevich - Astrakhan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (AGASU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Engineering Systems and Ecology, Astrakhan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (AGASU), 18 Tatishcheva street, Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Derbasova Evgeniya Mikhaylovna - Astrakhan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (AGASU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, chair, Department of Engineering Systems and Ecology, Astrakhan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (AGASU), 18 Tatishcheva street, Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 130-139

The article deals with the problems of studying the process of dispersing liquid fuel and water-fuel emulsions, in particular the characteristics of the dispersed spray in high-potential electrostatic fields. The paper deals with the development of a research method for disperse characteristics of liquid fuels, in particular, the changes in the diameter of the spray particles of liquid fuels and water-fuel emulsions based on them, depending on the intensity of high-grade electrostatic field. These studies are relevant in the creation of new devices based on new dispersion, which are not currently used for fuel atomization and combustion devices, in particular based on the electrostatic dispersion. The currently available methods for assessing dispersion are based on the evaluation of the particle diameter, which are formed by dispersing (particle breakage) of the liquid fuel. The views expressed in the course of the study suggest that the dependence of the particle diameter from the electrostatic field can be estimated not only in case of the destruction of the particles (dispersion), but also in case of the formation (growth) of drops during the expiration of the capillary. In order to confirm the provisions the authors developed the installation and technique to study the changes in the dispersion in dependence with the voltage value of high potential electrostatic field. The results of experimental studies are presented and experimental graphics are built for F5 bunker fuel and water-oil emulsions with different concentrations based on it. On the basis of the experimental data processed by correlation analysis method the authors obtained the mathematical model of diameter changes of the particles under the influence of an electrostatic field, which corresponds to the theory of electrostatic dispersion. The developed technique greatly simplifies the determination of the disperse characteristics of liquid fuel in case of electro-static dispersion.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.5.130-139

References
  1. Knorre G.F., Aref’ev K.M., Blokh A.G., Nakhapetyan E.A., Paleev I.I., Shteynberg V.B. Teoriya topochnykh protsessov [Theory of Burning Processes]. Moscow, Leningrad, Energiya Publ., 1966, 491 p. (In Russian)
  2. Khzmalyan D.M., Kagan Ya.A. Teoriya goreniya i topochnye ustroystva [Burning Theory and Burning Installations]. Moscow, Energiya Publ., 1976, 487 p. (In Russian)
  3. Pomerantsev V.V., Aref’ev K.M., Akhmedov D.B., et al. Osnovy prakticheskoy teorii goreniya [Fundamentals of the Practical Burning Theory]. 2nd edition, enlarged. Leningrad, Energoatomizdat Publ., 1986, 309 p. (In Russian)
  4. Frenkel’ A.I. Na zare fiziki [At the Dawn of Physics]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1970, 384 p. (In Russian)
  5. Pazhi D.G., Galustov V.S. Osnovy tekhniki raspylivaniya zhidkostey [Fundamentals of Liquid Atomization Technique]. Moscow, Khimiya Publ., 1984, 256 p. (Protsessy i apparaty khimicheskoy i neftekhimicheskoy tekhnologii [Processes and Devices of Chemical and Petroleum Technology]) (In Russian)
  6. Salimov A.U. et al. Voprosy teorii elektrostaticheskogo raspylivaniya [Issues of the Theory of Electrostatic Dispersion]. Tashkent, AN UzSSR Publ., 1968, 160 p. (In Russian)
  7. Elektrostaticheskoe raspylenie [Electrostatic Dispersion]. LKM portal. Available at: http://www.lkmportal.com/enc/elektrostaticheskoe-raspylenie. (In Russian)
  8. Svintsov V.Ya. Vliyanie elektricheskogo polya na fizicheskie kharakteristiki biosyr’ya [Influence of Electric Field on the Physical Characteristics of Bio Raw Materials]. Khranenie i pererabotka sel’khozsyr’ya [Storage and Processing of Agricultural Raw Materials]. 1995, no. 6, pp. 14—15. (In Russian)
  9. Svintsov V.Ya., Mukanov R.V. Novyy metod szhiganiya zhidkogo topliva v topochnykh ustroystvakh kotel’nykh agregatov [New Method of Liquid Fuel Combustion in Burning Installations of Boiler Units]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 8, pp. 21—23. (In Russian)
  10. Svintsov V.Ya., Shmatova E.N., Khlystunov M.S., Mukanov R.V. Elektrostaticheskiy sposob dispergirovaniya zhidkikh topliv primenitel’no k kotel’nym ustanovkam [Electrostatic Dispersion Method of Liquid Fuels Applied to Boiler Units]. Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy vestnik Povolzh’ya [Scientific and Technical Proceedings of the Volga Region]. 2013, no. 1, pp. 255—258. (In Russian)
  11. Abdullaev R.Kh., Agaev A.A., Kurbanaliev T.G., Rzabekov I.N., Bekmamedov Kh. Izuchenie drobleniya kapel’ polyarnoy zhidkosti v uglevodorodnoy srede pod deystviem elektricheskogo polya [Investigation of Drop Breaking of Polar Fluid in Hydrocarbon Environment under the Influence of Electric Field]. Izvestiya VUZov. Neft’ i gaz [Higher Educational Institutions News. Oil and Gas]. 1971, no. 2, pp. 63—66. (In Russian)
  12. Bekmamedov X., Agaev A.A., Abdullaev R.Kh., Samedova L.A. Osobennosti dispergirovaniya polyarnoy zhidkosti v uglevodorodnoy srede pod deystviem elektricheskogo polya [Features of Dispersion of Polar Fluid in Hydrocarbon Environment under the Influence of Electric Field]. Izvestiya VUZov. Neft’ i gaz [Higher Educational Institutions News. Oil and Gas]. 1973, no. 5, pp. 51—55. (In Russian)
  13. Svintsov V.Ya., Mukanov R.V. Razrabotka metoda issledovaniya fizicheskikh kharakteristik zhidkogo topliva v vysokovol’tnom elektrostaticheskom pole [Development of the Investigation Method of Physical Features of Liquid Fuel in High-Voltage Electrostatic Field]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 8, pp. 26—28. (In Russian)
  14. Kuznetsov V.V. Fizicheskaya i kolloidnaya khimiya [Physical and Colloid Chemistry]. 2nd edition, revised and enlarged. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 1968, 390 p. (In Russian)
  15. Ravdel’ A.A., Ponomareva A.M., editors. Kratkiy spravochnik fiziko-khimicheskikh velichin [Quick Reference of Physical and Chemical Values]. 8th edition, revised. Leningrad, Khimiya Publ., 1983, 231 p. (In Russian)
  16. Ivanov V.M. Toplivnye emul’sii [Emulsified Fuels]. Moscow, Izdatel’stvo Akademii nauk SSSR Publ., 1962, 216 p. (In Russian)
  17. Ivanov V.M., Kantorovich B.V. Toplivnye emul’sii i suspenzii [Emulsified Fuels and Suspensions]. Moscow, Metallurgizdat Publ., 1963, 183 p. (In Russian)
  18. Adamchevskiy I. Elektricheskaya provodimost’ zhidkikh dielektrikov [Electric Conductivity of Liquid Dielectrics]. Translated from Polish. Leningrad, Energiya Publ., 1972, 295 p.(In Russian)
  19. Arkhipov G.I., Sadovnichiy V.A., Chubarikov V.N. Lektsii po matematicheskomu analizu [Lectures on Mathematical Analysis]. 5th edition, revised. Moscow, Izdatel’stvo Moskovskogo universiteta, Drofa Publ., 2004, 638 p. (In Russian)
  20. Vinogradova I.A., Olekhnik S.N., Sadovnichiy V.A. Zadachi i uprazhneniya po matematicheskomu analizu : v 2 chastyakh [Tasks and Exercises on Mathematical Analysis : in 2 parts]. 3rd edition, revised. Moscow, Drofa Publ., 2001, part 2: Ryady, nesobstvennye integraly, ryady Fur’e, preobrazovanie Fur’e [Series, Improper Integrals, Fourier Series, Fourier transformation]. 710 p. (In Russian)

Download

METHODOLOGY AND ALGORITHM OF OPTIMIZATION OF THE NEED OF SETTLEMENTS FOR TECHNICAL INSPECTION LINES FOR VEHICLES

Vestnik MGSU 6/2016
  • Kanen Mahmoud Fadlallah Hador - Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (IVGPU) postgraduate student, Department of Vehicles and Vehicle Fleet, Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (IVGPU), 20, 8 Marta str., Ivanovo, 153037, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Maslennikov Valeriy Aleksandrovich - Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (IVGPU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, chair, Department of Vehicles and Vehicle Fleet, Ivanovo State Polytechnic University (IVGPU), 20, 8 Marta str., Ivanovo, 153037, Russian Federation.

Pages 107-117

The current methods of predicting the demand of the community for the lines of technical inspection of vehicles do not fully take into account the probabilistic and statistical nature of the complaints of car owners. This results in significant mistakes in the determination of the number of such lines, accompanied by insufficient rhythm of their operation. The design errors related to the complexity of accurate account for calendar fluctuations of the number of appeals can be partially or completely eliminated by using mathematical apparatus of the queuing theory. In this case, the complex technical system is considered as an open multi-channel queuing system with limited queue length. The received flows and serviced requests are considered to be the simplest. From a practical point of view, the replacement of one type of computational model by the other allows ensuring a more sustainable mode of calculating operations using the computer. The paper also provides a calculation expression for defining the lower and upper confidence limits of the dispersion of the average values of the number of arrivals of vehicles at the technical inspection that allows setting the interval of uncertainty for searching the optimal solution.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.6.107-117

References
  1. Golovin S.F. Tekhnicheskiy servis transportnykh mashin i oborudovaniya [Technical Service of Transport Vehicles and Equipment]. Moscow, Al’fa-M: INFRA-M Publ., 2008, 284 p. (In Russian)
  2. Masuev M.A. Proektirovanie predpriyatiy avtomobil’nogo transporta: uchebnoe posobie dlya studentov vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy [Designing of the Enterprises of Motor Transport]. Moscow, Akademiya Publ., 2007, 224 p. (In Russian)
  3. Napol’skiy G.M. Tekhnologicheskoe proektirovanie avtotransportnykh predpriyatiy i stantsiy tekhnicheskogo obsluzhivaniya [Technological Design of Transport Companies and Service Stations]. 2nd edition, revised and enlarged. Moscow, Transport Publ., 1993, 271 p. (In Russian)
  4. Kanen M.G.F., Maslennikov V.A. Povyshenie effektivnosti protsessa diagnostirovaniya avtomobiley [Improving the Efficiency of Diagnosing Process of Automobiles]. Informatsionnaya sreda VUZA : materialy XIX Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [University Infomedia. 18st International Scientific and Technical Conference]. Ivanovo, IVGPU Publ., 2012, pp. 352—354. (In Russian)
  5. Kanen M.G.F., Maslennikov V.A., Usipbaev U.A. Obosnovanie potrebnosti v liniyakh tekhnicheskogo osmotra [Rationale for Technical Inspection Lines]. Informatsionnaya sreda VUZA : materialy XXI Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [University Infomedia. 21st International Scientific and Technical Conference]. Ivanovo, IVGPU Publ., 2014, pp. 338—340. (In Russian)
  6. Kanen M.G.F., Maslennikov V.A., Usipbaev U.A., Tulenov A.T., Dzhunisbekov A.S. Opredelenie normativov potrebnosti v pukntakh tekhnicheskogo osmotra transportnykh sredstv [Defining the Standards for the Necessity in Technical Inspection Stations of Vehicles]. Auezovskie chteniya-12 : trudy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Conference “Auezov Readings-12”]. Shymkent, YuKGU im. Auezova, 2014, vol. 1. Rol’ regional’nogo universiteta v razvitii innovatsionnykh napravleniy nauki, obrazovaniya i kul’tury [The Role of Regional University in the Development of Innovative Areas of Science, Education and Culture]. Pp. 213—215. (In Russian)
  7. Kanen M.H.F., Maslennikov V.A. Obosnovanie potrebnosti naselennykh punktov v liniyakh tekhnicheskogo osmotra avtomototransportnykh sredstv [Rationale for the Necessity of Technical Inspection Lines for Motor Vehicles in Residential Areas]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2016, no. 1, pp. 161—169. (In Russian)
  8. Danko P.E., Popov A.G., Kozhevnikova T.Ya. Proektirovanie predpriyatiy avtomobil’nogo transporta [Design of Road Transport Enterprises]. Moscow, Akademiya Publ., 2007, 224 p. (In Russian)
  9. Venttsel’ E.S., Ovcharov L.A. Teoriya veroyatnostey i ee inzhenernye prilozheniya [Probability Theory and its Engineering Applications]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1988, 480 p. (In Russian)
  10. Taylor J.R. An Introduction to Error Analysis: The Study of Uncertainties in Physical Measurements. University Science Books; 2nd edition, 1996, 327 p.
  11. Johnson J.L., Leone F.C. Statistics and Experimental Design in Engineering and the Physical Sciences. 2nd edition. John Wiley & Sons, New York-London-Sydney-Toronto, 1977, 606 p. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bimj.4710200314.
  12. Kuznetsov E.S., Boldin A.P., Vlasov V.M., etc. Tekhnicheskaya ekspluatatsiya avtomobiley [Technical Maintenance of Vehicles]. 4th edition, revised and enlarged. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2004, 534 p. (In Russian)
  13. Soldovskiy V.I. Proektirovanie proizvodstvennykh protsessov v sel’skom khozyaystve na osnove strukturno-tekhnologicheskikh skhem [Design of Production Processes in Agriculture on the Basis of Structural and Technological Schemes]. Kostroma, KGSKhA Publ., 2000, 168 p. (In Russian)
  14. Venttsel’ E.S. Issledovanie operatsiy: zadachi, printsipy, metodologiya: uchebnoe posobie [Operations Research: Objectives, Principles, Methodology. Textbook]. 3rd edition, stereotype. Moscow, Drofa Publ., 2004, 206 p. (In Russian)
  15. Romantsev V.V. Analiticheskie modeli sistem massovogo obsluzhivaniya [Analytical Models of Queuing Systems]. Saint-Petersburg, LETI Publ., 1998, 64 p. (In Russian)
  16. Chernov V.P., Ivanovskiy V.B. Matematika dlya ekonomistov [Mathematics for Economists]. In 6 volumes. Moscow, Infra-M Publ., 2000, vol. 6: Teoriya massovogo obsluzhivaniya [Queuing Theory]. 156 p. (In Russian)
  17. Samarov K.L. Elementy teorii massovogo obsluzhivaniya [Elements of Queuing Theory]. Moscow, OOO «Rezol’venta» Publ., 2009, 18 p. (In Russian)
  18. Ostreykovskiy V.A. Teoriya nadezhnosti [Reliability Theory]. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 2003, 462 p. (In Russian)
  19. Bezrukov A.L., Groshev A.M., Kravets V.N., Orlov L.N., Savinov B.V., Tikhomirov A.N., Tikhomirova O.B. Proverka tekhnicheskogo sostoyaniya transportnykh sredstv [Technical Condition Test of Vehicles]. Nizhniy Novgorod, NP «INSAT» Publ., 2009, 398 p. (In Russian)
  20. Kuznetsov E.S. Upravlenie tekhnicheskoy ekspluatatsii avtomobiley [Management of Technical Maintenance of Cars]. Moscow, Transport Publ., 1982, 224 p. (In Russian)
  21. Rodgard Runflats. Rodgard Runflat & Polymer Solutions. Available at: http://www.rodgard.com/runflats.htm. Date of access: 07.07.2014.
  22. Curtin K.M., McCall K.H., Qiu F. Determining Optimal Police Patrol Areas with Maximal Covering and Backup Covering Location Models. Netw. Spatial Econ. 2010, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 125—145. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11067-007-9035-6.
  23. Arinin I.N., Konovalov S.I., Bazhenov Yu.V. Tekhnicheskaya ekspluatatsiya avtomobiley: Upravlenie tekhnicheskoy gotovnost’yu podvizhnogo sostava [Technical Maintenance of Cars: Management of Technical Availability of Rolling Stock]. 2nd edition. Rostov-on-Don, Feniks Publ., 2007, 314 p. (In Russian)
  24. Service station. GNU Free Documentation License. Available at: http://knowledgerush.com/encyclopedia/Service_station. Date of access: 07.08.2015.
  25. MathWorks. Available at: www.mathworks.com. Date of access: 01.10.2013.
  26. Encyclopedia of Automotive Engineering. Wiley Online Library. Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/book/10.1002/9781118354179. Date of access: 01.09.2015. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118354179.
  27. Robert Bosch GmbH. EU CO2 Fleet Target for Passenger Cars. 2009.
  28. A European Strategy for Clean and Energy Efficient Vehicles State of Play 2011 — Commission Staff working paper. SEC (2011) 1617 Final. Brussels, 14.12.2011, pp. 1—17.

Download

CLASSIFICATION OF PROCESSES: SOME ASPECTS OF APPLICATION

Vestnik MGSU 7/2016
  • Patrusova Alena Mikhaylovna - 40 Makarenko str., Bratsk, 665709, Russian Federation Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, dean, Department of Extra-Mural and Accelerated Education, 40 Makarenko str., Bratsk, 665709, Russian Federation, ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 142-151

Classification of the processes in an enterprise is a methodical basis for the solution of the problems of identification and reference of processes to concrete category depending on a classification sign that in turn is the basis for the choice of management tools of the processes and of an enterprise in general. The classification of processes is one of the problems of information search consisting in reference of the process to one of several categories on the basis of certain classification criterion. Rather often some authors make terminological mistake in their works when they refer to all the processes at an enterprise to the category “business process”, including management processes, and supporting processes. The classification of the processes of an enterprise has to be carried out with a definite purpose: it can be carried out for ensuring systematic studying and completeness of coverage of the studied subject domain, or for the purpose of business management on the basis of process approach. The first purpose provides exclusively analytical character of solvable tasks of studying the processes of the enterprise and doesn’t allow developing recommendations on the solution of management problems of the organization. In the second case it is quite possible to use classification of processes of an economic entity as a business management mechanism basis on the ground of process approach. According to the offered classification three groups of processes of the enterprise are defined: management processes (management), business processes (the main processes) and the providing (auxiliary) processes. These classification criteria will allow identifying the processes of the enterprise and defining the system of their interaction. The hierarchy level of the processes allows determining the duration of life cycle of the processes and is the basis for processes planning. Vertical and horizontal processes allow defining the roles, powers and responsibility of linear and functional heads of the organization. Depending on the scale of the organization the presented classification can be concretized concerning business processes. The developed classification allows referring any process of the enterprise to one of the categories, determining the level of its hierarchy and its orientation which is a basis of the choice and formation of management instruments of processes and of an enterprises in general.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.7.142-151

References
  1. Belokobyl’skiy S.V., Lyublinskiy V.A., Lukovnikova E.I., Patrusova A.M. Podkhody k razrabotke mekhanizmov transfera innovatsionnykh nauchnykh dostizheniy v sfere vuza i predpriyatiy [Approaches to the Development of Transfer Mechanism of Innovative Scientific Achievements in the Sphere of Higher Institutions and Enterprises]. Problemy sotsial’no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya Sibiri [Problems of Social and Economic Development of Social and Economical Development of Siberia]. 2013, no. 4 (14), pp. 9—13. (In Russian)
  2. Vasilyeva Z.A. Development Management on a Regional Level. Zhurnal Sibirskogo federal’nogo universiteta. Seriya: Gumanitarnye nauki [Journal of Siberian Federal University. Humanities and Social Sciences]. 2013, vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 1710—1720.
  3. Badeeva E.A., Volodin V.M., Murashkina T.I. Formirovanie innovatsionnykh podkhodov v upravlenii uchrezhdeniyami vysshego obrazovaniya v Rossiyskoy Federatsii [Formation of Innovative Approaches in Management of Higher Educational Institutions in the Russian Federation]. Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya [Modern Problems of Science and Education]. 2014, no. 3, article 389. (In Russian)
  4. Slepenko E.D., Patrusova A.M. Spetsifika otsenki pokazateley kachestva obrazovatel’nogo protsessa [Characteristics of Quality Index Estimation of Educational Process]. Trudy Bratskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Ekonomika i upravlenie [Bratsk State University Scientific Journal. Series: Economy and Management]. 2012, vol. 1, pp. 146—150. (In Russian)
  5. Kosyakova V.V., Boyarchuk N.Ya., Vasil’eva S.A. Faktory konkurentosposobnosti roznichnykh torgovykh organizatsiy [competitive differentiator of Retail Trade Organizations]. Problemy sotsial’no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya Sibiri [Issues of Social-Economic Development of Siberia]. 2013, no. 3 (13), pp. 16—21. (In Russian)
  6. Kosyakova V.V. O sovershenstvovanii stilya upravleniya promyshlennymi predpriyatiyami severo-irkutskoy territorial’no-proizvodstvennoy zony [On Advancing the Management Style of Industrial Enterprises of North Irkutsk Territorial-Industrial Area]. Problemy sotsial’no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya Sibiri [Issues of Social-Economic Development of Siberia]. 2014, no. 1 (15), pp. 63—65. (In Russian)
  7. Kharitonova P.V. Metodicheskiy podkhod k kachestvennoy otsenke nematerial’nykh resursov [Methodological Approach to Qualitative Assessment of Immaterial Resources]. Problemy sotsial’no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya Sibiri [Issues of Social-Economic Development of Siberia]. 2014, no. 1 (15), pp. 83—87. (In Russian)
  8. Patrusova A.M., Sygotina M.V., Plankova Yu.V., Mooi E. Primenenie metodov informatsionnogo menedzhmenta dlya otsenki effektivnosti investitsionnykh IT-proektov [Using the Methods of Informational Management for Efficiency Estimation of Investment IT Projects]. Sistemy. Metody. Tekhnologii [Systems. Methods. Technologies]. 2014, no. 4 (24), pp. 62—67. (In Russian)
  9. Sygotina M.V. Reshenie prikladnykh zadach proizvodstvennogo menedzhmenta s primeneniem innovatsionnykh proektov [Solving Applied Problems of Production Management Using Innovative Projects]. Trudy Bratskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Ekonomika i upravlenie [Bratsk State University Scientific Journal. Series: Economy and Management]. 2013, vol. 1, pp. 284—287. (In Russian)
  10. GOST R ISO 9001—2008. Sistemy menedzhmenta kachestva. Trebovaniya [Russian State Standard GOST R ISO 9001—2008. Quality Management Systems. Requirements]. Moscow, Standartinform Publ., 2008, 65 p. (In Russian)
  11. Ostroukhova N.G. Biznes-protsessy predpriyatiy TEK: ponyatie, soderzhanie, klassifikatsiya [Business Processes of Fuel and Energy Complexes: Notion, Content, Classification]. Sibirskaya finansovaya shkola [Siberian Financial School]. 2012, no. 1 (90), pp. 118—122. (In Russian)
  12. Vandina O.G. Otraslevye osobennosti formirovaniya biznes-protsessov stroitel’nykh organizatsiy [Industry Characteristics of Business Processes Formation of Construction Organizations]. Izvestiya Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta [News of the Volgograd State Pedagogica lUniversity]. 2014, no. 3 (88), pp. 126—132. (In Russian)
  13. Amirkhanov K.G. Biznes-protsessy promyshlennogo predpriyatiya: ponyatie i klassifikatsiya [Business Processes of Industrial Enterprise: Notion and Classification]. Voprosy strukturizatsii ekonomiki [Issues of Economy Structuring]. 2005, no. 2, pp. 140—149. (In Russian)
  14. Panin A.V. Upravlenie predpriyatiem cherez identifikatsiyu i klassifikatsiyu protsessov [Management of an Enterprise Using Identification and Classification of Processes]. Terra Economicus. 2007, vol. 5, no. 3—3, pp. 224—228. (In Russian)
  15. Peryazeva E.K., Marchenko S.D., Ivanov A.I., Andreeva D.M. Klassifikatsiya protsessov farmatsevticheskogo predpriyatiya [Classification of the Processes of a Pharmaceutical Enterprise]. Farmatsiya [Pharmacy]. 2010, no. 8, pp. 34—35. (In Russian)
  16. Frolov T.Yu. Klassifikatsiya innovatsionnykh protsessov na neftegazovykh predpriyatiyakh [Classification of Innovative Processes on Oil and Gas Enterprises]. Izvestiya Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo ekonomicheskogo universiteta [News of St. Petersburg State University of Economics]. 2016, no. 2 (98), pp. 131—134. (In Russian)
  17. Cherutova M.I., Patrusova A.M., Trapeznikova E.V. Tsentr innovatsionnykh metodov upravleniya [Center of Innovative Management Methods]. Problemy sotsial’no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya Sibiri [Issues of Social-Economic Development of Siberia]. 2012, no. 2 (7), pp. 23—26. (In Russian)
  18. Boyarchuk N.Ya., Zverintsev S.A. Razrabotka kontseptual’noy modeli analiza finansovo-khozyaystvennoy deyatel’nosti predpriyatiya [Development of the Conceptual Model for Analyzing Financial and Economic Activity of an Enterprise]. Problemy sotsial’no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya Sibiri [Issues of Social-Economic Development of Siberia]. 2013, no. 3 (13), pp. 9—16. (In Russian)
  19. Slepenko E.D. Formirovanie i uchet raskhodov kommercheskoy organizatsii v sootvetstvii s zakonodatel’stvom Rossiyskoy Federatsii [Formation and Account of the Expenses of a Commercial Organization in Correspondence with the Laws of the Russian Federation]. Trudy Bratskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Ekonomika i upravlenie [Bratsk State University Scientific Journal. Series: Economy and Management]. 2015, vol. 1, pp. 127—132. (In Russian)
  20. Magomedova N.G. Klassifikatsiya biznes-protsessov na agropromyshlennykh predpriyatiyakh [Classification of Business Processes on Agro-Industrial Enterprises]. Voprosy strukturizatsii ekonomiki [Issues of Economy Structuring]. 2012, no. 1, pp. 41—45. (In Russian)
  21. Gubareva T.V., Lukovnikova E.I. Osobennosti primeneniya novykh informatsionnykh tekhnologiy bol’shikh dannykh [Features of Using New Information Technologies of Big Data]. Problemy sotsial’no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya Sibiri [Issues of Social-Economic Development of Siberia]. 2015, no. 2 (20), pp. 24—31. (In Russian)
  22. Giniyatullina E.Z., Stremilova A.V. K voprosu o pravovom regulirovanii obshchestvennykh otnosheniy v sfere informatsionnykh tekhnologiy [To the Issue of Legal Regulation of Public Relations in the Field of Information Technologies]. Crede Experto: transport, obshchestvo, obrazovanie, yazyk [Crede Experto: Transport, Society, Education, Language]. 2016, no. 1, pp. 133—139. (In Russian)
  23. Gorbunova O.N., Shestakova Yu.V. Problemy razvitiya IT-tekhnologiy v bankovskom sektore Rossii v usloviyakh sanktsiy [Development Issues of IT Technologies in the Banking Sector of Russia in the Conditions of Sanctions]. Crede Experto: transport, obshchestvo, obrazovanie, yazyk [Crede Experto: Transport, Society, Education, Language]. 2015, no. 4, pp. 238—244. (In Russian)
  24. Vakhrusheva M.Yu. Avtomatizatsiya monitoringa reytingovykh pokazateley v sisteme menedzhmenta kachestva vuza [Automation of Rating Indicators Monitoring in the Management System of University Quality]. Trudy Bratskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Ekonomika i upravlenie [Bratsk State University Scientific Journal. Series: Economy and Management]. 2015, vol. 1, pp. 193—199. (In Russian)
  25. Vakhrusheva M.Yu. Metodicheskie i organizatsionnye printsipy sozdaniya AIS predpriyatiya [Methodological and Organizational Principles of Creating Automated Information System of an Enterprise]. Trudy Bratskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Ekonomika i upravlenie [Bratsk State University Scientific Journal. Series: Economy and Management]. 2015, vol. 1, pp. 189—193. (In Russian)

Download

METHOD OF CALCULATION OF THE ELEVATOR SPEED LIMITER WITH THE INERTIAL ROLLER

Vestnik MGSU 7/2016
  • Vitchuk Pavel Vladimirovich - Kaluga branch of Bauman Moscow State Technical University (Kaluga branch of BMSTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Machine Components and Lifting and Transporting Equipment, Kaluga branch of Bauman Moscow State Technical University (Kaluga branch of BMSTU), 2 Bazhenova str., Kaluga, 248000, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Mokin Dmitriy Gennad’evich - Kaluga branch of Bauman Moscow State Technical University (Kaluga branch of BMSTU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Machine Components and Lifting and Transporting Equipment, Kaluga branch of Bauman Moscow State Technical University (Kaluga branch of BMSTU), 2 Bazhenova str., Kaluga, 248000, Russian Federation.

Pages 134-141

The speed limiter is intended to actuate the safety gear excess of emergency overspeed of the car or the counterweight while moving down. In Russia, the most widespread speed limiters are centrifugal type with a horizontal axis of rotation. Their design and methods of calculation are well known and widely presented in the literature. In foreign practice the most often used speed limiters include inertial roller in their construction. In the domestic literature there is almost no description of such structures and principles of their calculation. In the given article the author describes the calculation and structural scheme of the speed limiter with inertial roller and an octagonal disk of Schindler Co. Equilibrium equation actuating lever relative to the axis of rotation is compiled. On the basis of the analysis of the equilibrium equation the basic principles and constituent elements of the calculation of the elevator speed limiter with inertial roller are discovered. These are: calculation of the lever system, calculation of the spring, calculation of the disk. The dependences of the path, speed and acceleration of the roller in time are given. It is convenient to design the disk surface with the use of computer applications. This eliminates a significant amount of computation. The design algorithm for disk surface on a computer is given. The example of design of disk surface using this algorithm is offered. The proposed considerations on building the speed limiter’s disk surface allow changing its profile in real time. This, together with the equilibrium equation allow designing speed limiters with an inertial roller in any possible configuration.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2016.7.134-141

References
  1. Volkov D.P., editor. Lifty [Elevators]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 1999, 479 p. (In Russian)
  2. Korneev G.K., Korotov M.G., Motsokheyn I.S., Zhdanov B.V. Lifty passazhirskie i gruzovye [Passenger and Service Elevators]. Moscow, Mashgiz Publ., 1958, 568 p. (In Russian)
  3. Volkov D.P., Ionov A.A., Chutchikov P.I. Atlas konstruktsiy liftov [Lift Design Atlas]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2003, 156 p. (In Russian)
  4. Arkhangel’skiy G.G., Babichev S.D., Vaksman M.A., Kotel’nikov V.S. Gidravlicheskie lifty [Hydraulic Lifts]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2002, 346 p. (In Russian)
  5. Ermishkin V.G., Nelidov I.K., Kokhanov K.P. Naladka liftov [Lift Adjustment]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1990, 301 p. (ZhKKh. Biblioteka rabotnika zhilishchno-kommunal’nogo khozyaystva [Library of Housing and Utilities Infrastructure Worker]). (In Russian)
  6. Chutchikov P.I. Remont liftov [Lift Repair]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1983, 271 p. (In Russian)
  7. Polkovnikov V.S., Gruzinov E.V., Lobov N.A. Montazh liftov [Lift Assembling]. 4th edition, revised and enlarged. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 1981, 279 p. (Proftekhobrazovanie [Professional Technological Education]). (In Russian)
  8. Ermishkin V.G. Tekhnicheskoe obsluzhivanie liftov [Lift Maintenance]. Moscow, Nedra Publ., 1976, 326 p. (In Russian)
  9. Fedorova Z.M., Lukin I.F., Nesterov A.P. Pod”emniki [Elevators]. Kiev, Vishcha shkola Publ., 1976, 294 p. (In Russian)
  10. Vasil’ev M.I., Brodskiy M.G. Montazh liftov [Lift Assembling]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1975, 225 p. (In Russian)
  11. Polkovnikov V.S., Lobov N.A., Gruzinov E.V., Brodskiy M.G. Montazh i ekspluatatsiya liftov [Lift Assembling and Maintenance]. 2nd edition, revised and enlarged. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 1973, 327 p. (Proftekhobrazovanie : Stroitel’nye raboty [Professional Technical Education : Construction Works]). (In Russian)
  12. Pavlov N.G. Lifty i pod”emniki. Osnovy konstruirovaniya i rascheta [Lifts and Elevators. Basis of Design and Calculation]. Moscow, Leningrad, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1965, 203 p. (In Russian)
  13. Tushmalov V.A. Elektricheskie lifty: ustroystvo i montazh [Electric Lifts. Construction and Assembling]. Moscow, Mashgiz Publ., 1952, 179 p. (In Russian)
  14. Udod L.F. Passazhirskie i gruzovye pod”emniki (lifty) : Konstruktsiya i raschet [Elevators (Lifts) for Passengers and Goods : Structure and Calculation]. Khar’kov, Kiev, Gosudarstvennoe nauchno-tekhnicheskoe izdatel’stvo Publ., 1937, 314 p. (In Russian)
  15. Baranov A.P., Golutvin V.A. Pod”emniki [Elevators]. Tula, TulGU Publ., 2004, 150 p. (In Russian)
  16. Ioffe I.Ya. Vysokoskorostnye lifty [High Speed Lifts]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1988, 95 p. (In Russian)
  17. Janovsky L. Elevator Mechanical Design. Ellis Horwood Ltd; 2 Sub edition, 1993, 250 p.

Download

Results 1 - 13 of 13