ECONOMICS, MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATION OF CONSTRUCTION PROCESSE

Tools of production scheduling - an integral efficiency potential of organizational, technological and management solutions of a construction object

Vestnik MGSU 1/2015
  • Lapidus Azariy Abramovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Professor, Doctor of Technical Sciences, chair, Department of Technology and Management of the Construction, Honored Builder of the Russian Federation, Recipient of the Prize of the Russian Federation Government in the field of Science and Technology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 97-102

A director of a construction company of any level seeks for a tool, which allows estimating the quality, reliability, safety and durability of the works using one general parameter. The author of the article considers a new tool of operations management - an integral efficiency potential of organizational, technological and management solutions of a construction object. The investigations allow assuming, that the chosen direction - integrating the efficiency potentials of organizational, technological and management solutions - provides interesting possibilities to the researchers and management of a construction object not only of a theoretical, but also of a practical character. The author gives terminological substantiation, methodological base and variants of mathematical model formation. The direction of further investigations is formulated - from singular potentials to integral potential of a construction object.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.1.97-102

References
  1. Lapidus A.A. Integral Potential Effectiveness of Organizational and Technological and Managerial Decisions of Building Object. Applied Mechanics and Materials. Trans Tech Publications. Switzerland. 2014, vol. 584—586, pp. 2230—2232. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.584-586.2230.
  2. Gusakov A.A., Bogomolov Yu.M., Brekhman A.I., Vaganyan G.A., Vaynshteyn M.S. Sistemotekhnika stroitel’stva: Entsiklopedicheskiy slovar’ [System Engineering of Construction: Encyclopedic Dictionary]. Editor A.A. Gusakov. 2nd edition, revised and enlarged. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2004, 320 p. (In Russian)
  3. Magurin V.M., Azgal’dov G.G., Belov O.E., Biryukov A.N. Kvalimetricheskaya ekspertiza stroitel’nykh ob”ektov [Quality-Metric Examination of Construction Facilities]. Saint Petersburg, Politekhnika Publ., 2008, 527 p. (In Russian)
  4. Lapidus A.A., Berezhnyy A.Yu. Matematicheskaya model’ otsenki obobshchennogo pokazatelya ekologicheskoy nagruzki pri vozvedenii stroitel’nogo ob”ekta a [Mathematical Model Designated for the Assessment of the Integrated Environmental Load Produced by a Building Project]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 149—153. (In Russian)
  5. Lapidus A.A. Potentsial effektivnosti organizatsionno-tekhnologicheskikh resheniy stroitel’nogo ob”ekta [Efficiency Potential of Management and Technical Solutions for a Construction Object]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 1, pp. 175—180. (In Russian)

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Real estate space-territorial development

Vestnik MGSU 1/2015
  • Sarchenko Vladimir Ivanovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Economic Sciences, Doctoral student, Department of Economy and Management in Construction Water Supply, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 287-49-19; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 103-111

Urbanization is one of the main sustainable tendencies of modern development. The contemporary state of real estate structure is characterized by high level of heterogeneity. In general, the consolidated design document of Moscow urban development, reconstruction and other forms of developing city territories doesn’t take into account the main tendencies of social and economic development, change of scales and structure of city production capacities, priorities of national economy development, or demand particularities, traditional and perspective preferences of citizens of different categories. The article focuses on systematization of basics of real estate space-territorial development strategic analysis. The author analyses the essence of analytical methods, their purpose, levels and analysis projections. The article emphasizes the estimation of economic effectiveness and revelation of urban environment development reserves.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.1.103-111

References
  1. Glazychev V.L. Strategiya razvitiya kak iskusstvo vybora prioritetov [Development Strategy as Art of Choosing Priorities]. Politiya [Polity]. 2012, no. 1 (64), pp. 147—164. (In Russian)
  2. Giffinger R. Territorial Capital — Understanding and Challenges for a Knowledge Based Strategic Approach. Territorium. 2008, no. 8, pp. 7—15.
  3. Yas’kova N.Yu. Instrumentariy obespecheniya kachestva gorodskoy sredy [Tools of Providing the Quality of City Environment]. Vestnik Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta [Vestnik of Irkutsk State Technical University]. 2013, no. 10 (81), pp. 380—382. (In Russian)
  4. Yas’kova N.Yu. Sovremennye formaty strategii razvitiya gorodskoy nedvizhimosti [Modern Forms of City Real Estate Development Strategies]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Science Review]. 2014, no. 7-1, pp. 392—396. (In Russian)
  5. Gertsberg L.Ya. Kachestvo gorodskoy sredy: problemy proektirovaniya i realizatsii [Quality of City Environment: Problems of Design and Implementation]. Gradostroitel’stvo [Urban Development]. 2013, no. 2 (24), pp. 29—33. (In Russian)
  6. Ahlke B., Perner A., Schön K.P. The Future of European Spatial Development Policy II Research Review. Federal Institute for Research on Building, Urban Affairs and Spatial Development. 2010, no. 21, pp. 2—5.
  7. Riguelle F., Thomas I., Verhetsel A. Measuring Urban Polycentrism: A European Case Study and its Implications. Journal of Economic Geography. 2007, vol. 7, issue 2, pp.193—215. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jeg/lbl025.
  8. Larionov A.N. Problemy formirovaniya teorii i realizatsii praktiki stroitel’stva «zhivogo doma» v Rossiyskoy Federatsii [The Problems of Theory Formation and Practice Implementation of the Construction of “Alive House” in the Russian Federation]. Ekonomika i upravlenie narodnym khozyaystvom [Economy and Management of the National Economy]. 2014, no. 1/2 (30/31), pp. 46—59. (In Russian)
  9. Larionov A.N. Metodologicheskiy podkhod k optimizatsii ekologichnogo zhilishchnogo stroitel’stva [Methodological Approach to Ecological Housing Construction Optimization]. Vestnik Instituta ekonomiki RAN [Proceedings of the Economics Institute Of RAS]. 2009, no. 34, pp. 197—210. (In Russian)
  10. Yas’kova N.Yu., Matveeva M.V. Innovatsionnyy fokus investitsionnoy deyatel’nosti v ramkakh modernizatsii natsional’noy ekonomiki [Innovational Focus of the Investment Activity in Frames of National Economy Modernization]. Ekonomichniy chasopis-XXI [Economical Journal-21]. 2014, vol. 1, no. 1—2, pp. 42—45. (In Russian)
  11. Coiacetto E. Industry Structure in Real Estate Development: Is City Building Competitive? Urban Policy and Research. 2009, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 117—135. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08111140802499080.
  12. Potapov A.D., Senyushchenkova I.M., Novikova O.O., Gudkova E.A. Problema ispol’zovaniya gorodskikh narushennykh territoriy [Problem of Use of Disturbed Urban Areas]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 9, pp. 197—202. (In Russian)
  13. Sadovnikova N.P., Sanzhapov B.Kh., Gnedkova E.P. Razrabotka kontseptsii sistemy podderzhki prinyatiya resheniy po obespecheniyu ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti razvitiya gorodskikh territoriy [Concept Development of Support System of Decision Making on Ecological Safety of City Area Development]. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel'nogo universiteta [Internet Proceedings of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering]. 2011, no. 25, pp. 427—432.
  14. Khaynish S.V. Menedzhment i biznes v slabostrukturirovannom mire: Aktual’nye secheniya, paradoksy, resheniya (iz opyta upravlencheskogo konsul’tirovaniya) [Management and Business in Poorly Structures World: Current Sections, Paradoxes, Solutions (According to the Experience of Management Consulting)]. Moscow, Editorial URSS, 2014, 704 p. (In Russian)
  15. Kerzner H. Project Management Metrics, KPIs, And Dashboards: A Guide to Measuring and Monitoring Project Performance. Wiley, 2011, 379 p.
  16. Pyhrr S.A., Born W.L., Webb J.R. Development of a Dynamic Investment Strategy under Alternative Inflation Cycle Scenarios. Journal of Real Estate Research. 1990, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 177—194.
  17. Krushlinskiy V.I., Sarchenko V.I. Genplan i kachestvo sredy goroda [General Layout and City Environment Quality]. Krasnoyarsk, SFU Publ., 2014, 122 p. (In Russian)
  18. Smart S.B., Gitman L.J., Joehnk M.D. Fundamentals of Investing. 12th edition. 2013, Prentice Hall, 672 p.
  19. Friedman J.P., Ordway N. Income Property Appraisal and Analysis. Englewood Cliffs, N.J. : Prentice Hall, 1989, 474 p.
  20. Schmitz A., Peck S., Engebretson P. The New Shape of Suburbia. Trends in Residential Development. Washington, D.C., ULI — the Urban Land Institute, 2003, 221 p.

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Cyclic “deja vu” of real estate industry development paradigms

Vestnik MGSU 1/2015
  • Yas’kova Natal’ya Yur’evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Department of Economy and Management in the Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 112-119

The practical projections of cyclic theories are of a great interest. Our preferences moved again from apartment houses and vertical cities to low-rise buildings. Circles set the development vector for natural, human sciences and sciences on society. The article researches the problem of cyclic development of scientific schools and their innovation ideas in the sphere of space-territory property development. The phases of the cycle were researched on the example of Bauhaus architecture school. This enables to reveal the demands and specifics of the development of new technological platforms, as well as to create the effective formats of public-private partnership. Cyclicity of business activity development under the conditions of awareness of the evolution of senses of interdisciplinary approaches utilization permits to produce the adequate development paradigm.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.1.112-119

References
  1. Yas’kova N.Yu., Sergeev I.M., Polinov A.A. Nezavershennoe stroitel’stvo i virtual’nyy ekonomicheskiy rost [Construction in Progress and Virtual Economic Growth]. Ekonomika stroitel’stva [Construction Economy]. 2004, no. 8, pp. 2—13. (In Russian)
  2. Yas’kova N.Yu. Tendentsii razvitiya stroitel’nykh korporatsiy v novykh usloviyakh [Development Trends of Construction Corporations in New Environment]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 174—178. (In Russian)
  3. Yas’kova N.Yu. Razvitie kontseptual’nykh polozheniy upravleniya protsessami investitsionno-stroitel’noy deyatel’nosti [Development of Conceptual Provisions of Process Management in Investment and Construction Activities]. Vestnik IrGTU [Bulletin of Irkutsk State Technical University]. 2012, no. 11(70), pp. 278—280. (In Russian)
  4. Droste M. Baukhauz (1919—1933). Reforma i avangard [Bauhaus Bauhaus 1919—1933. Reform and Avant-garde]. Translated from French by Yu.Yu. Kotova. Moscow, Art-Rodnik Publ., 2008, 96 p. (In Russian)
  5. Kharshak M. «Baukhaus» — mesto, gde rodilsya dizayn [Bauhaus — a Place Where Design Was Born]. Advertology.Ru. Available at: http://www.advertology.ru/article13833.html. Date of access: 15.12.2014. (In Russian)
  6. Gropius W. Granitsy arkhitektury [Boundaries of Architecture]. Translated from English by A.S. Pinsker, V.R. Aronov, V.G. Kalish. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1971, 286 p. (In Russian)
  7. Samin K.D. 100 velikikh arkhitektorov [100 Grear Architects]. Moscow, Veche Publ., 2001, 385 p. (In Russian)
  8. Rakhmanova A. Baukhauz 90 let spustya [Bauhaus 90 Years Later]. Deutsсhe Welle. 2009. Available at: http://dw.de/p/HMNP/. Date of access: 15.12.2014. (In Russian)
  9. Yakobi A., Khartman G., Dendra G. Baukhauz segodnya : lektsiya v ramkakh programmy OVERVIEWM [Bauhaus Today : a Lecture in Frames of the Program OVERVIEWM]. Vysshaya shkola arkhitektury Dessau [Higher School of Architecture DIA]. Transkated from German by O.T. Ivanova. 2008. Available at: http://archi.ru/events/1490/vysshaya-shkola-arhitektury-dessau-dia-bauhaus-segodnya-alfred-yakobi-gunnart-hartman-daniel-dendra-germaniya/. Date of access: 15.12.2014. (In Russian)
  10. Koveshnikova N.A. Dizayn: istoriya i teoriya [Design: History and Theory]. Moscow, Omega-L Publ., 2009, 224 p. (In Russian)
  11. Meyer H. Bauen und Gesellschaft. Schriften, Briefe, Projekte. Dresden, VEB Verlag der Kunst Dresden, 1980, 412 s.
  12. Semina A. Obratim remeslo na blago iskusstva [Let Us Turn Craft for the Benefit of Art]. Daydzhest nedvizhimosti [Real Estate Digest]. 2014, no. 8 (95), pp. 59—64. (In Russian)
  13. Kuznetsov O.L., Bol'shakov B.E. Ustoychivoe razvitie: universal'nyy printsip sinteza estestvennykh, tekhnicheskikh i sotsial'nykh znaniy [Sustainable Development: The Universal Principle of the Synthesis of Natural, Technical and Social Knowledge]. Ustoychivoe razvitie: nauka i praktika [Sustainable Development: Science and Practice]. 2009, no. 1 (2), pp. 1—12. (In Russian)
  14. Yas’kova N.Yu. Mekhanizmy investirovaniya v ustoychivoe razvitie [Mechanisms of Investing in Sustainable Development]. Ekonomika stroitel’stva [Construction Economy]. 2010, no. 2, pp. 40—45 (In Russian)
  15. Yas’kova N.Yu., Matveeva M.V. Innovatsionnyy fokus investitsionnoy deyatel’nosti v ramkakh modernizatsii natsional’noy ekonomiki [Innovative Focus of Investment Activity in the Framework of National Economy Modernization]. Ekonomichniy chasopis-XXI [Economy Journal-21]. 2014, vol. 1, no. 1—2, pp. 42—45. (In Russian)

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Efficiency assessment method of financial leasing as a factor of innovative development of a construction complex for a lessee in comparison with a credit

Vestnik MGSU 2/2015
  • Alekseeva Tat’yana Romanovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Economy and Management in the Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 153-167

Modernization and innovative and technological rearmament of a construction complex is one of the priority problems of national economy development. Development and implementation of innovative technologies in the process of creating construction production will allow improving its quality, consumer characteristics, ensuring energy efficiency and ecological safety of buildings and constructions. One of problems of innovative development of a construction complex is the problem of financing of innovative activity. In our opinion leasing is one of effective ways of its solving. In the leasing transaction the owner of an asset temporarily transfers a right to use an asset to other party. The owner of an asset is a lessor. Other party is a lessee. The lessor makes a lease for a specified time in return for a periodic rental payments from the lessee. One of the advantages of leasing is that it provides alternative to ownership. Also lessees benefit from a number of tax advantages. Leasing has many other advantages. The assessment method of the efficiency of financial leasing as a factor of innovative development of a construction complex for a lessee enterprise in comparison with the credit is shown in article. As a result of scientific research we specified the criteria of this assessment.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2.153-167

References
  1. Asaul A.N. Problemy innovatsionnogo razvitiya otechestvennoy ekonomiki [Problems of Innovative Development in Domestic Economy]. Ekonomicheskoe vozrozhdenie Rossii [Economic Revival of Russia]. 2009, no. 4, pp. 3—6. (In Russian)
  2. Alekseeva T.R. Osobennosti innovatsionnogo razvitiya stroitel’nogo kompleksa v usloviyakh modernizatsii natsional’noy ekonomiki [Features of Innovative Development of a Construction Complex in the Conditions of National Economy modernization]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering ]. 2014, no. 4, pp. 236—246. (In Russian)
  3. Glaz’ev S.Yu. Mirovoy ekonomicheskiy krizis kak protsess zameshcheniya dominiruyushchikh tekhnologicheskikh ukladov [World Economic Crisis as a Replacement Process of Dominating Technological Ways]. Personal’naya stranitsa S.P. Kurdyumova [Personal Site of S.P. Kurdyumov]. Available at: http://spkurdyumov.ru/economy/mirovoj-ekonomicheskij-krizis/. Date of access: 10.05.2013. (In Russian)
  4. Lukmanova I.G. Metodicheskie osnovy transfera tehnologiy v stroitel’noy otrasli [Methodological Bases for Technology Transfer in the Construction Industry]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 3, pp. 193—198. (In Russian)
  5. Filosofova T.G. Effektivnost’ ispol’zovaniya lizinga v skhemakh modernizatsii [Leasing Efficiency as a Tool of Modernization]. Lizing. Tekhnologii biznesa [Leasing. Technologies of business]. 2011, no. 9, pp. 6—21. (In Russian)
  6. Syrtsova O.N. Lizing kak instrument modernizatsii ekonomiki Rossii [Leasing as a Tool to Modernize the Russian Economy]. Lizing. Tekhnologii biznesa [Leasing. Technologies of business]. 2012, no. 8, pp. 14—29. (In Russian)
  7. Yas’kova N.Yu., Kamenetskiy M.I. Krizis otechestvennoy modeli upravleniya stroitel’stvom i rynkom nedvizhimosti [Crisis of Domestic Model of Management by Construction and Real Estate Market]. Ekonomika stroitel’stva [Construction Economy]. 2009, no. 3, pp. 3—13. (In Russian)
  8. Yas’kova N.Yu. Tendentsii razvitiya stroitel’nykh korporatsiy v novykh usloviyakh [Development Tendencies of Construction Corporations in New Conditions]. Nauchnoe obozrenie [Scientific Review]. 2013, no. 6, pp. 174—177. (In Russian)
  9. Lipsey R.G., Carlaw K.I., Bekar C.T. Economic Transformations — General Purpose Technologies and Long-Term Economic Growth. Oxford University Press, 2005, 618 p.
  10. Alekseeva T.R. Metodika otsenki ekonomicheskoy effektivnosti lizinga po sravneniyu s kreditom v innovatsionnom razvitii stroitel’nogo kompleksa [Assessment Method of Leasing Economic Efficiency in Innovative Development of a Construction Complex in Comparison with Crediting]. Vestnik MGSU [Proceedings of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering]. 2014, no. 8, pp. 179—191. (In Russian)
  11. Batrutdinov A.S., Fedoseev I.V. Lizing kak sposob finansovo-kreditnogo obespecheniya innovatsionnoy deyatel’nosti stroitel’nogo predpriyatiya [Leasing as Way of Financial and Credit Ensuring of Innovative Activity of a Construction Enterprise]. Problemy sovremennoy ekonomiki [Problems of Modern Economy]. 2006, no. 3—4, pp. 237—240. (In Russian)
  12. Ibraeva A.A. Sushchnost’ i funktsii lizinga v sisteme ekonomicheskikh otnosheniy khozyaystvuyushchikh sub”ektov [Leasing Essence and Functions in the System of Economic Relations of Managing Subjects]. Problemy sovremennoy ekonomiki [Problems of Modern Economy]. 2010, no. 4 (36), pp. 196—199. (In Russian)
  13. Kirkorov A.N. Metody opredeleniya effektivnosti finansovogo lizinga po sravneniyu s kreditom [Methods of efficiency estimation of financial leasing in comparison with a credit]. Lizing-revyu [Leasing-review]. 2000, no. 5/6, pp. 30—38. (In Russian)
  14. Nedogoda D.K. Lizing ili kredit: vybor sposoba finansirovaniya [Leasing or Credit: Choice of a Way of Financing]. Ekonomicheskie nauki [Economic Sciences]. 2007, no. 10, pp. 293—296. (In Russian)
  15. Prokaeva I.G. Sravnenie effektivnosti lizinga i kredita [Efficiency Comparison of Leasing and Credit]. Problemy sovremennoy ekonomiki [Problems of Modern Economy]. 2013, no. 11, pp. 8—12. (In Russian)
  16. Adams A.T., Booth P.M., MacGregor B.D. Lease Terms, Option Pricing and the Financial Characteristics of Property. British Actuarial Journal. 2003, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 619—635.
  17. Eisfeldt A.L., Rampini A.A. Leasing, Ability to Repossess, and Debt Capacity. Review of Financial Studies. 2009, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 1621—1657. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/rfs/hhn026.
  18. An Yan. Leasing and Debt Financing: Substitutes or Complements? Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis. 2006, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 709—731. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.302157.
  19. Miceli T.J., Sirmans C.F., Turnbull G.K. The Property-Contract Boundary: an Economic Analysis of Leases. American Law and Economics Review. Oxford University Press, 2001, no. 3, pp. 165—185. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aler/3.1.165.
  20. Agarwal S., Ambrose B.W., Huang H., Yildirim Y. The Term Structure of Lease Rates with Endogenous Default Triggers and Tenant Capital Structure: Theory and Evidence. Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis. Cambridge University Press, April 2011, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 553—584. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022109010000839.

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Research methods of the parameters of residential buildings construction

Vestnik MGSU 2/2015
  • Grigor’ev Vladimir Aleksandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Technology and Organization of Construction Production, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • Oleynik Pavel Pavlovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Technology and Organization of Construction Production, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 168-177

The analysis of construction theory and practice shows that rational organizational and technological parameters of the construction of residential buildings should be based on the manifestation in time and space of the most important stages construction with their harmonization. Basing on the experience of normalizing the construction duration, it is advisable to express the complex of residential buildings’ construction processes by their basic stages - preparatory period, underground part, aboveground part, external engineering networks and land improvement. The main indicators of the development and implementation of optimization solutions are: the total duration of the construction, the duration of the preparation period, the duration of the construction of the underground part, the duration of the construction of the aboveground part, the duration of external engineering networks laying, the duration of land improvement. The indicators of the total duration of the construction of residential buildings, the construction the underground and aboveground parts are determined on the basis of the operation of one assembly crane on an object of up to four sections. In case of more sections two (three) cranes are considered and the total construction duration is set depending on these conditions. The duration of the construction of multisectional buildings is determined basing on the simultaneous construction of the stages or their combination with a certain time shift. However, this approach requires a significant amount of optimization solutions due to its multivariance. Therefore, in order to reduce the volume of calculations in some cases, for example, when planning the development of districts and neighborhoods, statistical methods can be used for determining the duration of the construction basing on the compilation of optimization solutions. The total duration of the construction and the duration of the main stages are multiple-choice. Therefore, variants with minimum and maximum values can be regarded as supporting. The researches showed that the difference between them is not so much in the technological scheme of construction, but in the gap between design and practical solutions. When creating an enlarged model of multisectional residential building construction we should keep in mind the following circumstances: a part of a residential building up to 6 sections is a section, and up to 4 sections - a division; selection of a division size is determined both by adjacent associated activities (sealing and embedment of joints, partitions creation, plumbing works, etc.) and economic conditions (the cost of tooling, additional financial support, etc.); technological sequence of precast concrete structures installation can be applied depending on the design and space-planning decisions; floor assembling begins with panels of external walls with significant labor input when terminating their seams; installation of panels should closely match the tolerances of bottom and top; the process of installing concrete structures should be monitored using geodetic laser technologies (LT, LN, LSZ, etc.); elevators installation is advisable to carry out at the same time with the precast concrete structures installation on the areas free of installation.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2.168-177

References
  1. Gradostroitel’nyy kodeks Rossiyskoy Federatsii (GrK RF) ot 29.12.2004 № 190-FZ (red. ot 28.12.2013 s izmeneniyami, vstupivshimi v silu s 01.01.2014) [Town-Planning Codex of the Russian Federation from 29.12.2004 no. 190-FZ (revised 28.12.2013 with amendments in effect from 01.01.2014)]. Moscow, 2013, 159 p. (In Russian)
  2. Edinye normy prodolzhitel’nosti proektirovaniya i stroitel’stva predpriyatiy, zdaniy i sooruzheniy i osvoeniya proektnykh moshchnostey [General Norms of Design and Construction Duration of Enterprises, Buildings and Structures and Rated Capacities Testing]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1983, 327 p. (In Russian)
  3. ISO 22263:2008. Organization of Information about Construction Works — Frame-Work for Management of Project Information. ISO, 2008, 14 p. Available at: http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=40835/. Date of access: 12.01.2015.
  4. Oleynik P.P., Grigor’yev V.A. Sovremennye metody modelirovaniya norm prodolzhitel’nosti stroitel’stva zhilykh zdaniy [Modern Methods of Modeling the Duration Norms of Residential Buildings Construction]. Tekhnologiya i organizatsiya stroitel’nogo proizvodstva [Technology and the Organization of Construction Production]. 2014, no. 2 (7), pp. 42—44. (in Russian)
  5. Kievskiy L.V., Khorkina Zh.A. Realizatsiya prioritetov gradostroitel’noy politiki dlya sbalansirovannogo razvitiya Moskvy [Implementation of Urban Policy Priorities for the Balanced Development of Moscow]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2013, no. 8, pp. 54—57. (In Russian)
  6. Mukhametzyanov Z.R., Gusev E.V. Sovremennyy podkhod k modelirovaniyu tekhnologii stroitel’stva promyshlennykh ob”ektov [Modern Approach to Modeling of Industrial Construction Technology]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2012, no. 10, pp. 68—69. (In Russian)
  7. Oleinik P.P., Grigorieva L.S., Brodsky V.I. Outstripping Engineering Preparation of Construction Sites. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2014, vol. 580—583, pp. 2294—2298. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.580-583.2294.
  8. Petrov A.A. Strategic Planning in Saint Petersburg as a Manifestation of Transition to Sustainable Development Economy. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research. 2014, vol. 21 (2), pp. 423—426.
  9. Ruch’ev A.P., Li Guan Qion. Organizatsionnye faktory obosnovaniya norm prodolzhitel’nosti stroitel’stva mnogoetazhnykh zhilykh domov [Organizational Factors of the Validity of Duration Norms of Apartment Buildings Construction]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Stroitel’stvo [News of Higher Educational Institutions. Construction]. 2005, no. 10, pp. 69—74. (In Russian)
  10. Volkov S.V., Volkova L.V., Shvedov V.N. Osobennosti proektirovaniya organizatsionno-tekhnologicheskikh skhem stroitel’stva zhilykh zdaniy [Design Features of Organization and Technological Schemes of Residential Buildings Construction]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Stroitel’stvo [News of Higher Educational Institutions. Construction]. 2013, no. 2—3, pp. 42—47. (In Russian)
  11. Oleynik P.P., Brodskiy V.I. Metodika normirovaniya pokazateley vypolneniya podgotovitel’nykh rabot [Methodology of Preparatory Work Rationing]. Tekhnologiya i organizatsiya stroitel’nogo proizvodstva [Technology and the Organization of Construction Production]. 2013, no. 1 (2), pp. 27—31. (in Russian)
  12. Oleynik P.P. Analiz i razrabotka norm prodolzhitel’nosti stroitel’stva inzhenernykh setey i kommunikatsiy [Analysis and Development of Construction Duration Norms of Engineering Networks and Communications]. Mekhanizatsiya stroitel’stva [Mechanization of Construction]. 2008, no. 6 (768), pp. 24—25. (In Russian)
  13. Chemodurov V.T., Vdovichenko V.V. Optimizatsiya parametrov stroitel'nykh konstruktsiy na etape proektirovaniya [Optimization of the Parameters of Building Structures at the Design Stage]. Sovremennye tekhnologii v stroitel'stve, dizayne, arkhitekture : sbornik materialov Mezhdunarodnoy nauchnoy konferentsii (g. Moskva, 25— 26 aprelya 2013 g.) [Modern Technologies in Construction, Design, Architecture : Collection of Materials of the International Conference (Moscow, April 25—26, 2013]. Kirov, MTsNIP Publ., 2013, pp. 84—91. (In Russian)
  14. D’yachkova O.N. Algoritm prinyatiya effektivnykh konstruktivno-tekhnologicheskikh resheniy zhilykh mnogoetazhnykh zdaniy [Taking Effective Design and Technological Solutions of Residential High-Rise Buildings]. Vestnik grazhdanskikh inzhenerov [Bulletin of Civil Engineers]. 2009, no. 1 (20), pp. 43—47. (In Russian)
  15. Nedavnii O.I., Bogatyreva M.M., Kuznetsov S.M., Kandaurova N.M. Improvement of Organizational and Engineering Reliability of Construction Machinery. Vestnik of Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building. English version appendix. 2014, no. 1, pp. 66—72.
  16. Volodin S.V. Podgotovka mestnykh normativov gradostroitel’nogo proektirovaniya [Developing Local Standards of Urban Design]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2010, no. 7, pp. 30—31. (In Russian)
  17. Leonov V.V. Statistika zhiloy zastroyki v Moskve [Statistics of Residential Buildings in Moscow]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2006, no. 10, pp. 25—27. (in Russian)
  18. Oleynik P.P. Organizatsiya stroitel’nogo proizvodstva [Organization of Construction Production]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2010, 575 p. (In Russian)
  19. Afanas’ev A.A. Tekhnologicheskaya gibkost’ panel’nogo domostroeniya [Technological Flexibility of Panel-Type Housing Construction]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. 2006, no. 4, pp. 49—50. (In Russian)
  20. Matreninskiy S.I. Metodologicheskiy podkhod k klassifikatsii territoriy massovoy zhiloy zastroyki dlya prinyatiya resheniy po ikh ekspluatatsii i pereustroystvu [Methodological Approach to the Classification of Mass Housing Development Areas for Making Decisions Concerning Their Maintenance and Reconstruction]. Nauchnyy vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta. Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura [Scientific Herald of the Voronezh State University of Architecture and Construction. Construction and Architecture]. 2013, no. 1, pp. 49—56. (In Russian)

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Methodological approaches to assessing the innovativeness level of investment and construction projects

Vestnik MGSU 2/2015
  • Dolzhenko Yuliya Aleksandrovna - Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE); LLC “K4” postgraduate student, Department of Projects and Programs Management; chief specialist, Systems Analysis Group, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE); LLC “K4”, 36 Stremyannyy pereulok, Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation; 2/4-17 Luzhnetskaya naberezhnaya, Moscow, 119270, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 178-186

The article presents the results of the analysis of the existing approaches to innovations evaluation in international and Russian practice. The authors examine the nature of the concept of “innovation”, especially innovation projects, methodological tools to measure various objects’ innovativeness level as well as innovative project economic efficiency assessing methods. It should be noted that at the legislative level up to date in the process of formation and implementation of capital construction projects there are no eligible requirements and assistance from public authorities to the developer for creating innovative products, providing the appropriate level of services. And if the financial indicators of the project are more or less clear, the level of innovativeness of them is much more complicated, although the requirements on the innovativeness of the projects are included in the Strategy of innovative development of Russia. The analysis shows that in Russian and international practice there are many approaches to assessing innovations, but they cannot be considered universal and they are applied differentially depending on the goals and tasks of applying the results of scientific achievements in the form of intellectual property to improve the efficiency and competitiveness of industries, products, services. In this case individual, specific evaluation method is selected and implemented basing on taking into account all the legal, economic, technical and other aspects. As a result, the author concluded that the innovativeness level rating requires development, which is in its analytical capabilities to provide flexible management tool, which can be applied at all the stages of the investment and construction project life cycle.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2.178-186

References
  1. Arbatskaya E.A. Podkhody k otsenke konkurentosposobnosti predpriyatiya [Approaches to Assess the Competitiveness of an Enterprises]. Izvestiya Irkutskoy gosudarstvennoy ekonomicheskoy akademii [News of Irkutsk State Economic Academy]. 2012, no. 1 (81), pp. 118—128. (In Russian)
  2. Bachurina S.S., Dolzhenko Yu.A. Innovatsionnaya sostavlyayushchaya dostizheniya strategicheskogo konkurentnogo preimushchestva kompanii [An Innovative Component of Achieving Strategic Competitive Advantage of a Company]. Sovremennye problemy upravleniya proektami v investitsionno-stroitel'noy sfere i prirodopol'zovanii: materialy III Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (12 aprelya 2013 g.) [Modern Problems of Management of Investment Projects in Construction and Environmental Management: Proceedings of the 3rd International Scientific and Practical Conference (April 12, 2013)]. Edited by V.I. Resin. Moscow, REU im. G.V. Plekhanova Publ., 2013, pp. 7—12. (In Russian)
  3. Sukhachev K.A., Sultanova I.P., Dolzhenko Yu.A. Novye tekhnologii upravleniya kak sredstvo resheniya problem stroitel’stva energeticheskikh ob”ektov [New Management Technologies as Means of Solving the Problems of Energy Facilities Construction]. Neftegazopromyslovyy inzhiniring [Oil and Gas Engineering]. 2013, Special issue no. 7, pp. 62—66. (In Russian)
  4. Batukova L.R. Otsenka urovnya innovatsionnosti investitsionnykh proektov [Innovativeness Level Assessment of Investment Projects]. Regionologiya [Regional Studies]. 2010, no. 3, pp. 59—68. (In Russian)
  5. Chekcheeva N.V., Uvarov A.F., Osipov Yu.M. Metodika ekspertizy innovatsionnykh proektov [Methods of Examination Of Innovative Projects]. Innovatsii [Innovations]. 2006, no. 9, pp. 114—116. (In Russian)
  6. Rot E. Innovatsii — put’ k povysheniyu effektivnosti [Innovations — the Path to Greater Efficiency]. Vestnik McKinsey [Bulletin Of McKinsey]. 2010, no. 21, pp. 37—51. (In Russian)
  7. Vaccaro I.G., Jansen J.P., Van Den Bosch F.A.J., Volberda H.W. Management Innovation and Leadership: The Moderating Role of Organizational Size. Journal of Management Studies. 2012, no. 49 (1), pp. 28—51. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6486.2010.00976.x.
  8. Kock A., Gemünden H.G., Salomo S., Schultz S. The Mixed Blessings of Technological Innovativeness for the Commercial Success of New Products. Journal of Product Innovation Management. 2011, no. 28, issue s1, pp. 28—43. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-5885.2011.00859.x.
  9. Tsai K.H., Fang W., Hsu T.T. Relinking Cross-Functional Collaboration, Knowledge Integration Mechanisms and Product Innovation Performance: A Moderated Mediation Model. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sci. 2012, no. 29, issue 1, pp. 25—39. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cjas.192.
  10. Dereli T., Altun K. A Novel Approach for Assessment of Candidate Technologies with Respect to Their Innovation Potentials: Quick Innovation Intelligence Process. Expert Systems with Applications. 2013, 40 (3), pp. 881—891. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2012.05.044.
  11. Lasagni A. How Can External Relationships Enhance Innovation in SMEs? New Evidence for Europe. Journal of Small Business Management. 2012, no. 50 (2), pp. 310—339. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-627X.2012.00355.x.
  12. Batukova L.R. Innovatsionnost’, kak vazhneyshaya sotsial’no-ekonomicheskaya kategoriya [Innovation as the Most Important Socio-Economic Category]. Problemy: perspektivy razvitiya innovatsionno-kreativnoy ekonomiki : Sbornik materialov Vtoroy mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Collection of Materials of the Second International Scientific-Practical Conference “Innovative and Creative Economy Development Problems and Prospects”]. 2010. Available at: http://econference.ru/blog/conf06/216.html. Date of access: 25.12.2014. (In Russian)
  13. Baklanova Yu.O. Tipologizatsiya, klassifikatsiya i sistematizatsiya innovatsionnykh proektov i initsiativ v kompanii [Classification, Grouping and Systematization of Innovational Projects and Initiatives in a Company]. Sovremennye tekhnologii upravleniya [Modern Management Technologies]. 2012, no. 4 (16). Available at: http://sovman.ru/all-numbers/archive-2012/april2012/item/82-typology-classification-and-systematization-of-innovative-projects-and-initiatives-in-the-company.html. (In Russian)
  14. Baklanova Yu.O. Evolyutsiya podkhoda k proektnomu upravleniyu innovatsiyami: initsiativa, proekt, programma, portfel’ [Evolution of the Approach to Project Management, Innovation, Initiative, Project, Program, Portfolio]. Sovremennye tekhnologii upravleniya [Modern Management Technologies]. 2012, no. 3 (15). Available at: http://sovman.ru/all-numbers/archive-2012/march2012/item/72-03-03-12.html. Date of access: 25.12.2014. (In Russian)
  15. Komkov N.I., Eroshkin S.Yu., Mamontova N.G. «Dorozhnaya karta» — kak instrument tekhnologicheskogo prognozirovaniya i analiza innovatsionnykh proektov [“Road Map” as a Tool of Technological Forecasting and Analysis of Innovative Projects]. Nauchnye trudy: Institut narodnokhozyaystvennogo prognozirovaniya RAN [Scientific Works: the Institute of Economic Forecasting of the Russian Academy of Sciences]. 2008, no. 6, pp. 242—265. (In Russian)
  16. Panchenko V.Ya. RFFI — klyuchevoy element obespecheniya zapuska innovatsionnogo tsikla [RFBR — a Key Element of the Launch of the Innovation Cycle]. Novaya ekonomika. Innovatsionnyy portret Rossii [The New Economy. Innovative Portrait of Russia]. 2013, pp. 62—66. (In Russian)
  17. Sadkov V.G., Mashegov P.N., Zbinyakova E.A. Otsenka urovnya innovatsionnosti ekonomiki i klyuchevye napravleniya formirovaniya tselostnoy mnogourovnevoy natsional’noy innovatsionnoy sistemy [Economy Innovativeness Level Assessment and the Key Areas of Developing a Comprehensive Multi-Level National Innovation System]. Innovatsionnyy Vestnik Region [Innovative Herald Region]. 2006, no 1., pp. 49—53. (In Russian)
  18. Sarkin A.V. Razrabotka sistemy upravleniya innovatsionnoy deyatel’nost’yu na naukoemkikh mashinostroitel’nykh predpriyatiyakh [Development of Innovation Management Systems in Knowledge-Intensive Machine-Building Enterprises]. Ekonomika i finansy [Economics and Finance]. 2010, no. 8, pp. 32—39. (In Russian)
  19. Sarkin A.V. Primenenie sistemy sbalansirovannykh pokazateley v sisteme planirovaniya na naukoemkikh mashinostroitel’nykh predpriyatiyakh [Application of Balanced Scorecard in the Planning System at the High-Tech Machine-Building Enterprises]. Ekonomika i finansy [Economics and Finance]. 2010, no. 7, pp. 14—29. (In Russian)
  20. Chetverik N.P., Khanukhov Kh.M., Pirotskaya L.M., Grunin I.Yu., Shlyapni- kov A.A., Derevyanko A.A. Metodicheskie rekomendatsii po otsenke effektivnosti innovatsiy v stroitel’stve [Guidelines for the Innovation Effectiveness Evaluation in Construction]. Moscow, Komitet innovatsionnykh tekhnologiy v stroitel’stve NOSTROY Publ., 2011, 66 p. (In Russian)

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The analysis of the existing typology of energy saving measures in the course of construction project implementation and real estate object operation

Vestnik MGSU 2/2015
  • Kiseleva Ekaterina Aleksandrovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Construction Organization and Control in Real Estate, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; +7 (495) 781-80-07; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 187-195

Today, speaking about the efficiency of energy saving measures it is necessary to analyze the consequences of alternative options of the use of renewables at reconstruction and updating of housing stock from the point of view of secondary energy use and by doing that to avoid negative consequences of greenhouse gases emissions. Thus special attention is paid as a rule to residential buildings. In addition to the assessment of the ideas of housing stock and power sources updating, the cost of construction materials in reconstruction projects, various concepts of reconstruction and economic consequences of the repair of buildings is also important. As a rule, the life cycle of a real estate object is longer, than the life cycle of the production process of the goods or service occurring on this object. Careful planning of the operation program of a real estate object already at the stage of its design and also its timely modernization according to new requirements play an important role throughout the whole life cycle of an object and its long-term and effective operation. The decision on the expediency of a construction project is made on the basis of the analysis of expenses for it. In practice it is quite seldom possible to take into account all the expenses for a constructed facility, that is the expenses arising at construction, operation, the contents and service of a real estate object during its existence. Often realization of more expensive solutions at the level of construction designs and equipment leads to considerable decrease in operational costs of a real estate object. Thus, without creation of a program of operation for this object it is very difficult to prove the expediency of more expensive resources and methods at construction, then it is determined by the minimum requirements. Nevertheless, the object not necessarily has to correspond to its initial state. As a rule, after some time the use of newer technical solutions is appropriate, as well as and paying attention to the requirements, which at a new (initial) construction hadn’t been revealed yet.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2015.2.187-195

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